jump to navigation

TSPSC Syllabus of Paper VI: Telangana Movement & State Formation సెప్టెంబర్ 1, 2015

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, 29th State, AP Reorganisation Bill, Bhadrachalam, G.O 610, Hyderabad, Identity, JAC, KCR, Kothagudem, Koya, Mulki, Nizam, Polavaram, politics, Settler, Six Point Formula, Sonia, SRC, suicide, TDF, Telangana, Telangana Festivals, TRS, TSPSC, Warangal.
add a comment

PAPER-VI – TELANGANA MOVEMENT AND STATE FORMATION

I. The idea of Telangana (1948-1970)

1. Historical Background: Telangana as a distinctive cultural unit in Hyderabad Princely State, its geographical, cultural, socio, political and economic features- People of Telangana- castes, tribes, religion, arts, crafts, languages, dialects, fairs, festivals and important places in Telangana. Administration in Hyderabad Princely State and Administrative Reforms of Salar Jung and Origins of the issue of Mulkis-Non-Mulkis; Employment and Civil Services Rules under Mir Osman Ali Khan, VII Nizam’s Farman of 1919 and Definition of Mulki – Establishment of Nizam’s Subjects League known as the Mulki League 1935 and its Significance; Merger of Hyderabad State into Indian Union in 1948; Employment Policies under Military Rule and Vellodi,1948-52; Violation of Mulki-Rules and Its Implications.

2. Hyderabad State in Independent India– Formation of Popular Ministry under Burgula Ramakrishna Rao and 1952 Mulki-Agitation; Demand for Employment of Local people and City College Incident, Its importance. Justice Jagan Mohan Reddy Committee Report, 1953 – Initial debates and demand for Telangana State-Reasons for the Formation of States Reorganization Commission (SRC) under Fazal Ali in 1953-Main Provisions and Recommendations of SRC-Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s views on SRC and smaller states.

3. Formation of Andhra Pradesh, 1956: Gentlemen’s Agreement – its Provisions and Recommendations; Telangana Regional Committee, Composition, Functions and Performance – Violation of Safeguards, Migration from Coastal Andhra Region and its Consequences; Post-1970 Development Scenario in Telangana- Agriculture, Irrigation, Power, Education, Employment, Medical and Health etc.

4. Violation of Employment and Service Rules: Origins of Telangana Agitation– Protest in Kothagudem and other places, Fast unto Death by Ravindranath; 1969 Agitation for Separate Telangana. Role of Intellectuals, Students, Employees in Jai Telangana Movement.

5. Formation of Telangana Praja Samithi and Course of Movement – the Spread of Telangana Movement- Major Events, Leaders and Personalities- All Party Accord – Go 36 – Suppression of Telangana Movement and its Consequences-The Eight Point and Five-Point Formulas-Implications.

II. Mobilisational phase (1971 -1990)

1. Court Judgements on Mulki Rules- Jai Andhra Movement and its Consequences– Six Point Formula 1973, and its Provisions; Article 371-D, Presidential Order, 1975-Officers (Jayabharat Reddy) Committee Report- G.O. 610 (1985); its Provisions and Violations- Reaction and Representations of Telangana Employees (మరింత…)

Major developments in recent Telangana history ఫిబ్రవరి 25, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, G.O 610, Godavari, Hyderabad, Identity, Jai Andhra, movement, Mulki, Nizam, Polavaram, Settler, SRC, Telangana, TRS, YSR.
Tags: , ,
add a comment

Major developments in history of Telangana
IANS, February 18,2014

HYDERABAD: With the Lok Sabha passing the bill for bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh on Tuesday, decks have been cleared for formation of Telangana as 29th state in India. Following are the major events in the history of Telangana since 1948:

1948: Indian Army annexes princely state of Hyderabad, which comprised different regions including Telangana.

1950: Telangana became Hyderabad State.

1952: First elections held in Hyderabad State.

Nov 1, 1956: Telangana merged with Andhra State, which was carved out of Madras State, to form Andhra Pradesh, a united state for Telugu-speaking people.

1969: ‘Jai Telangana’ movement for separate statehood to Telangana began. Over 300 people killed in police firing. (మరింత…)

Assembly adjourned, Telangana stalemate continues డిసెంబర్ 19, 2013

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, BJP, Congress, drama, Economy, G.O 610, Godavari, Hyderabad, Identity, Koya, MIM, Polavaram, politics, Settler, ST, TDP, TRS.
Tags: , , , , , ,
add a comment

Andhra Pradesh Bifurcation – AP House adjourned as Telangana stalemate continues
PTI, December 19, 2013

The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly was on Thursday abruptly adjourned till January 3 without even initiating the crucial debate on draft A.P. Re-organisation Bill 2013 that provides for the creation of a new state of Telangana.

With no end in sight to the stalemate that the House was pushed into in the last four days, Speaker Nadendla Manohar adjourned the Assembly on Thursday afternoon, much to the chagrin of Telangana members who insisted on a debate on the draft Bill.

The Speaker announced a fresh schedule for the Assembly session that will be held from January 3-23 in two phases – from January 3-10 and January 16-23 – and a circular to this effect was issued to the members.

19TH_AP_ASSEMBLY_1691019g

The draft Bill, referred to the state Legislature by the President of India under Article 3 of the Constitution for expressing its views, has to be returned to the Centre by January 23, 2014 as per the time given by the President. (మరింత…)

Is this the final war for Telangana? Tehelka అక్టోబర్ 14, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Andhra, bandh, elections, G.O 610, Hyderabad, JAC, MIM, Mulki, politics, regionalism, Settler, Telangana, TRS.
Tags: , ,
add a comment

Is this the final war for Telangana?
Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy K, Tehelka 13 October 2011

Despite growing resentment among city dwellers over continued disruption of life, supporters of a separate state seem reluctant to budge

On 13 October, the indefinite Sakala Janula Samme or people’s strike entered its 30th day. The strike called by Telangana Political Joint Action Committee (T-JAC), a forum of political parties, students’ organisations, state government employees’ organisations and other JACs has paralysed the governance and economy in the Telangana region, that has for long been the hotbed of protests demanding statehood for itself. And it has not just been Telangana that has borne the brunt of shutdowns but the main city of Hyderabad too, especially the IT-based new economy.

The Samme, which started on 13 September, has garnered preemptive support from lectures, revenue employees and other major departments of state government, miners of Singareni coal mines and a few other state government undertakings. This has ensured the immediate shutdown of colleges, universities, bus services of Andhra Pradesh Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC), law courts including Andhra Pradesh High Court, revenue and government services. The joining of government teachers and private school managements within three days of the start of the strike also led to the closure of schools in the region (మరింత…)

Telangana remains paralysed – People’s strike సెప్టెంబర్ 14, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Adilabad, agitation, elections, G.O 610, JAC, Karimnagar, Medak, Mulki, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, politics, regionalism, Warangal.
Tags: , ,
add a comment

Telangana remains paralysed
The New Indian Express, 14 September, 2011

HYDERABAD: The administration remained paralysed in Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh Wednesday as the indefinite strike by over 400,000 government employees continued for the second day.

Delivery of civic services was hit in 10 districts of Telangana as employees stayed away from work to demand formation of separate Telangana state.

The “people’s strike” called by Telangana Joint Action Committee (JAC) did not have much impact in Hyderabad, but was total in districts like Warangal, Karimnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad and Adilabad.

Work in the state secretariat was not affected as about 85 percent of the employees attended their duties but the leaders of Telangana movement claimed that the employees from the region constitute only 15 percent of the total workforce. The impact was also partial in offices of other departments in the state capital.

The strike led to tension in some offices in Hyderabad as a section of employees refused to join the strike. In the office of Hyderabad district collector, the supporters of the strike had heated arguments with those who refused to join them.

In the office of the district collector in Khammam, striking employees ransacked the office of joint collector as he was attending work. (మరింత…)

Sakala Janula Samme- 11 years agitation for separate state సెప్టెంబర్ 14, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, bandh, cinema, Congress, Economy, elections, fast, G.O 610, Identity, KCR, KTR, Mulki, politics, regionalism, SEZ, Sonia, students, universities, youth.
Tags: ,
add a comment

KCR warns state against suppressing T-movement
Deccan Chronicle, September 13, 2011, Karimnagar

The TRS chief, Mr K. Chandrasekhar Rao, warned the state government of serious repercussions if it attempts to crush the government employees Sakala Janula Samme (i mass agitation for Telangana, that begins on Tuesday. Mr Rao announced a rasta roko programme across Telangana on Tuesday in support of the agitation by the cinema bandh on September 14 and 15, a blockade of national highways on September 18 to cut off any road link between the South and North, followed by other agitations to be announced by the TJAC

“I need to caution you. We fought for 11 years. If we can’t achieve Telangana now, will they (Seemandhra leaders) allow us to live? They will bury us in Patala Lokam,” he warned the supporters. (మరింత…)

Telangana Million March- Hyderabad in jitters మార్చి 10, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Andhra, bandh, BJP, CPI, Economy, G.O 610, Hyderabad, Identity, Mulki, Muslim, politics, Settler, TRS.
Tags: , , ,
add a comment

Telangana: Hyderabad in jitters over the ‘million march’ today
Indian Express, Mar 10 2011

Normal life was thrown out of gear in Hyderabad on Thursday in view of massive traffic and security restrictions imposed by police ahead of the ‘Million March to Hyderabad’ called by pro-Telangana groups seeking introduction of a Bill on separate state in the ongoing Parliament session.

Traffic restrictions came into force from morning hours and office-goers had a tough time reaching their destinations. The million march, aimed at sending across a message to the Centre on formation of Telangana, is scheduled to be held from 1 pm to 4 pm at Tankbund at the Hussainsagar lake in the heart of the city. (మరింత…)

Seemaandhra intellectuals appeal to their MPs & legislators to support separate Telangana మార్చి 8, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, agitation, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, bandh, BJP, conflict resolution, Congress, CPI, CPI-M, G.O 610, Hyderabad, Identity, JAC, Jai Andhra, livelihoods, Mulki, Parliament, politics, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Settler, Sonia, students, TDP, Telangana, Uttara Andhra.
Tags: , ,
1 comment so far

Open Letter
Dt: 3/3/2011

From:
1.Sri Pothuri Venkateswara Rao, Senior Journalist
2.Dr Tripuraneni Hanuman Chowdary, Chairman, Pragna Bharati and former IT Advisor, Government of Andhra Pradesh
3.Dr. Kakarla Subba Rao, former Director NIMS and a noted radiologist
4.Dr N.Bhaskar Rao, Social Scientist, New Delhi
5.Dr. Katti Padma Rao, Social Activist, Bapatla

Joint Appeal to MPs/ MLAs/ MLCs hailing from Seemandhra

Dear & Respected MP/ MLA/ MLC garu,

Sub: Creation of Telengana state – Obstructions imperiling Seemandhra people in and around Hyderabad.

1. The inclusion of Telangana to create the Andhra Pradesh state in 1956 had been from the beginning against the wishes of a majority of leaders from the region. The over 150 years of separation between the Telangana and the Seema-Andhra areas since 1800 AD has created unbridgeable gulf between social, educational economic mileus and political and cultural consciousnesses of the two regions. Vicissitudes of history have inflicted under-development and backwardness in the Telangana region under the Nizam’s rule.

2. The Seema-Andhra regions under the British rule had made considerable progress towards modernity and overall economic development, particularly in the fields of education, commerce and industry. The British regime had made its cultural impact too. The five and half decades of togetherness between the peoples of Telangana and Seema-Andhra regions in the integrated state had failed to bring equitable development in the different regions of the state and harmonize the relations between the peoples. It is an undeniable fact that the people of Telangana have always been nurturing a feeling that they are being ruled over and are denied self-rule. The separatist sentiment that had its roots in the Telangana region of the erstwhile Hyderabad state have been periodically surfacing ever since the formation of Andhra Pradesh. The sentiment as expressed in the 1969 Separate Telangana agitation was suppressed by strong-arm tactics and by luring some separatist leaders with power. The same had happened in 1972 Separate Andhra agitation too.

3. The separatist agitation in Telangana, largely peaceful till now, has been going on for almost a decade with increasing support from the people. While the 1969 agitation was mainly an urban phenomenon, today it has reached every nook and corner of Telangana and stirred the emotional feelings of the common people. The movement for separate Telngana is irresistible and cannot be simply wished away or suppressed by strong-arm tactics.

4. It is true that there are some apprehensions in the Coastal and Rayalaseema regions but that does not mean they are opposed to the formation of separate Telangana state. The presence of twenty or thirty lakhs of people from Coastal and Rayalaseema distiricts who came to their capital city Hyderabad during the last half a century or so, just as the people from other Telangana districts, should not be a factor in deciding the future of the state. They continue to remain an integral part of the Hyderabad population. Marathis, Kannadigas and even Gujaratis and Pujabis, in large numbers, have been living in the city for decades. Claiming special rights by these or any other group is irrational and unjustified. The apprehensions of these people and the people of the other two regions have to be removed by discussions and by trying to address the genuine grievances. (మరింత…)

T Employees call off strike, TJAC confused మార్చి 6, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, bandh, Congress, CPI, drama, G.O 610, Identity, Mulki, politics, Settler, students, TDP, Telangana, TRS.
Tags: , , ,
add a comment

Telangana strike off; TJAC members confused
Express News Service, 6 March 2011

HYDERABAD: After raising heat and dust for 16 days with their non-cooperation stir, Telangana employees called it off on Friday, accepting everything that the government was willing to give them on day one. Observers are asking why the stir was called off so abruptly.

The withdrawal has driven a rift down the middle of Telangana ranks. Employees associations in Warangal and Karimnagar are preparing to buttonhole leaders of TJAC with some questions. Telangana Employees Association Warangal president B Janardhan said, “We will go to Hyderabad on Sunday and ask Swamy Goud and Prof Kodandaram,” he said.

The strike by TJAC Employees paralysed governance in Telangana and cost the state crores of rupees in revenue. Its demands included introduction of a T bill in Parliament and several issues relating to Telangana employees. Within a couple of days, the government delegated a group of ministers to talk to the TJAC reps. They promised to implement all demands — bar issues relating to bifurcation of the state, which is not under the state government’s purview. They also agreed to lead a delegation to the Prime Minister. (మరింత…)

T employees JAC demands to revive Mulki rules & a cabinet sub-committee to monitor GO 610 మార్చి 3, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Andhra, G.O 610, Identity, JAC, Mulki, politics, regionalism, Telangana.
Tags:
add a comment

Govt, T employees stalemate ends
Times of India , Mar 1, 2011

HYDERABAD: The stalemate between Telangana employees’ association and the state government finally came to an end on Monday evening after two rounds of talks between the cabinet sub-committee and the employees’ JAC.

According to Telangana non-gazetted employees’ president K Swamy Goud, the government had agreed to their demands like constituting three committees, a cabinet sub-committee, a committee headed by chief secretary and a judicial committee, to monitor the implementation of GO 610. This would include even employees under sourcing scheme. The government also agreed to take a delegation of employees to New Delhi so that they could explain to the Centre about the injustice being meted out them for several years. (మరింత…)