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Hyderabad and Telangana- Kingshuk Nag’s book on T జూలై 20, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, Andhrapreneurship, Congress, Economy, heritage, Hyderabad, Identity, MIM, Mulki, Nizam, politics, regionalism, Review, Settler, students, TDP, Telangana, TRS, YSR.
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Outlook July 25, 2011

REVIEW
Cleft Stick

Nag prefers to steer away from opinion and stick safely to facts. It’s a quick run-through of the issue for outsiders.

GITA RAMASWAMY

As a chronicle of the ongoing Telangana agitation, Kingshuk Nag’s Battleground Telangana has much to offer: well-written, missing no issue and, more important, unemotional. Nag supports the creation of a separate Telangana state, ridicules the idea of Hyderabad city as a union territory and drives home the point that the decision to do so should be taken now. He takes us through the unhappy creation of Andhra Pradesh from the coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions of erstwhile Madras State and Telangana, the resentment of the people of Telangana that led to the first agitation in 1969, the state through NTR, Chandrababu Naidu and Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy, and the movement since 2009. Aware that Telangana is an emotive issue, Nag steers away from opinion and sticks safely to facts. It’s a quick run-through of the issue for outsiders.

Nag isn’t always objective; taking cheap swipes at the Nizam and Chandrasekhar Rao, missing the subtleties of a difficult issue.

But now the troubling issues. The Telangana movement, says Nag, arises from its cultural divergence and its heritage of revolt. But to say that the demand for a separate state is because of its militant history is hitting at the very basis for the demand. In a patriarchal marriage, the wife is right whenever she wants a divorce. As Nag himself explains, the 1956 merger was one forced on the people of Telangana. But how do you explain their long-standing grudges—unequal political power; lesser share of funds in every sector, including education, health, irrigation and civil supplies; diversion of its surplus funds into the general kitty; cultural dominance which has led to an erosion of their language, food habits and other cultural markers; the virtual take-over of Hyderabad, erasing its landscape? Is it because of vested interests and realpolitik of the coastal Andhra elite? Nag makes no attempt to examine this. (మరింత…)

ప్రకటనలు

Polavaram Conundrum – Richard Mohapatra జూలై 19, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhrapreneurship, Bhadrachalam, BJP, Congress, corruption, Godavari, Identity, Koya, livelihoods, Polavaram, TDP, TRS, Uttara Andhra.
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“People living in the Polavaram dam’s submergence zone have another strong legal protection besides FRA, which can be used to demand scrapping of Polavaram dam. All the villages are governed by the powerful Panchayat (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act (PESA) of 1996. Under this Act, no project can be initiated in a Schedule Five area without the consent of the gram sabhas there. What’s more, no land can be acquired without the consent of the gram sabhas”.

Deccan Herald July 19, 2011

Polavaram Conundrum
Richard Mohapatra

Fear of submergence haunts Kurturu, a village nestled in the Papi hills of the Eastern Ghats in Andhra Pradesh

In 2005, a band of officials, an unusual sight in this remote village in West Godavari district, visited the place and marked a rock. Then they broke the news about the Polavaram multi-purpose project on the river Godavari that would submerge Kurturu along with 275 other villages.

The words “FRL 150 feet” are inscribed on the rock face, which mean submergence at full reservoir level of 150 feet (45.72 metres); it indicates the level to which the river will rise once the Polavaram dam is constructed. The rock is at a much higher level than the 1986 flood level. Kurturu residents have vivid memories of the flood—the worst by far, when the Godavari rose by over 45 metres and submerged the village. The residents, belonging to the Konda Reddy tribe, point at trees on the hill to indicate the flood level.

The flood lasted just two days. The dam will submerge the village forever. Even in summer, when the river’s flow is relatively low, the village will be submerged 18 metres under water, informs Rajakrishna Reddy, a resident of Kurturu. The Polavaram dam, an earth and rock-filled structure, will displace the largest number of people in India’s history of such projects.

“For every five acres (2.02 hectares) that will be irrigated by the project, one tribal family will be displaced,” says E A S Sarma, former power secretary, who has been tracking the project. The dam’s backwaters will submerge 3,731 hectares (ha) of forestland; its net present value, assessed at Rs 13 lakh per 0.4 ha, would add up to Rs 1,120 crore. Kurturu’s residents have been waging a desperate battle to stay afloat. In 2008, they came to know about the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, popularly called Forest Rights Act (FRA). (మరింత…)

Tasks for Kishore Chandra Deo, Tribal Minister జూలై 16, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Bhadrachalam, conflict resolution, Culture, displacement, Godavari, heritage, Hyderabad, Koya, livelihoods, Polavaram, Vishakapatnam.
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Among the projects taken up in post-Independent India, Polavaram is perhaps the largest single project that has disrupted the lives of the tribals most. The environment clearance given for Polavaram is not valid as it stands today, as there have been fundamental changes in the design of the project. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs should take the initiative in correcting these statutory violations, if necessary, by approaching the Supreme Court, even at this belated stage. The proposal of Andhra Pradesh to seek ‘national’ status for the current project proposal is merely a ploy to cover up its illegalities. In its current design, the project benefits a few chosen politician-cum-contractors, certainly not the public.

OPINION, Tehelka 16 July 2011

Tasks for the new tribal minister
EAS Sarma

Kishore Chandra Deo has had a long career in Parliament. Here’s a doable and basic manifesto for him as the new minister of tribal affairs

THE RECENT union cabinet reshuffle has its plus points as well as minus ones. One important introduction to the cabinet is that of Kishore Chandra Deo, a senior member of parliament representing the tribal legislators and a person who has been in close touch with the ground reality of the tribal constituency in the Visakhapatnam area he represents. Deo has been at the forefront of cautioning his party on the hasty manner in which industrial projects are being grounded in tribal areas without adequate consultation with the tribals. Now that he has occupied the position of a minister, there are high expectations that he will translate his statements into tangible policy initiatives. What are the challenges that lie before him?

Of course, in general terms, as the Minister incharge of both tribal affairs and panchayati raj, he should take initiatives that will further the interests of the tribals in terms of their constitutional entitlements and, simultaneously, empower the grassroots- level constitutional bodies like gram sabhas, panchayats and tribal advisory councils, especially in terms of enforcement of the PESA (Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas). (మరింత…)

Students in separate Telangana agitation జూలై 16, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, Economy, Guntur, Hyderabad, Identity, Mulki, Osmania, regionalism, students, suicide, Telangana, universities, Warangal.
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2 వ్యాఖ్యలు

PRO TELANGANA students are not just raising an anguished cry against a flawed system, but a systemic bias against an entire community from a particular region. Violence, like burning vehicles, becomes a song of redemption. Many young people have died under mysterious circumstances, their bodies cremated or without any post-mortem, branded suicides by Telangana protagonists. Suicide notes have been recovered but their veracity never checked.

Current Affairs -TELANGANA
TEHELKA 16 July 2011

Why United Andhra has no student fire

The Telangana movement is driven by a solid student fervour. The United Andhra agitation has none. Sai Manish finds out why

JANA BAI, a tribal girl from Nizamabad district, is said to have set herself on fire during a TRS rally for the sake of Telangana, and suffered 80 percent burns in the process. Similarly, a 19-year-old from Mehdipatnam, Arige Saritha blamed Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister K Rosaiah and Chandrababu Naidu for obstructing the carving out of a separate state in her suicide note. There is no doubt that the real drivers of the Telangana movement are the students, especially of Osmania University.

The United Andhra Movement, on the other hand, has no comparable student fervour. At Andhra University, Vishakhapatnam, the response to the anti-Telangana stir is lukewarm. Last week, students rallied behind the United Andhra Joint Action Committee not for a political cause but out of concern for campus matters: to oppose the selling of 250 acres of Andhra University land to private developers and to ask the ex-vice chancellor to vacate the bungalow he was occupying even after ending his tenure.

Same time, same university. A group of 15 OBC students hailing from the coastal region were sloganeering outside the arts college, demanding a reimbursement of fee as the government had announced a waiver after they made a full payment. “We will join United Andhra agitation later. Right now I want my fees back,” Jagdish, a backward class student hailing from Narsipattinam, a village not far from Vizag, told TEHELKA. With the protests in Osmania University and across Telangana gaining unprecedented momentum, proponents of United Andhra are trying hard to create new voices of dissent — but invariably proving unsuccessful in thwarting the Telangana agitation. (మరింత…)

Telangana tailspin – Inder Malhotra జూలై 14, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, agitation, Andhra, Congress, Economy, elections, heritage, Hyderabad, Identity, Mulki, politics, regionalism, Sonia, SRC, TDP, Telugu, TRS.
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Telangana tailspin
Inder Malhotra, The Asian Age, Jul 13, 2011

Of all the wounds that the Congress-dominated United Progressive Alliance has inflicted on itself in its second tenure (UPA-II), arguably the worst is the dithering over the burning Telangana issue. The thundering silence of the top leadership of the government and the Congress Party amidst tempestuous turmoil on the ground speaks for itself.

The duration for which the festering sore has been left unattended is appalling.

To put the UPA-II’s nay the Congress’ acts of omission and commission in perspective, the problem’s history needs to be encapsulated. At the time of Independence, indeed until September 1948, Telegu-speaking Telangana was part of the multi-lingual princely state of Hyderabad, ruled by the Nizam who was hell-bent on making Hyderabad an independent entity, a design in which Pakistan was complicit. But his people, fed up with his autocratic rule and depredations of the notorious Razakars, would have nothing of this. A sideshow was the Communist Party of India’s revolt against both the Nizam and Independent India. It was also crushed. (మరింత…)

Jagan’s stand on Telangana is not different from YSR జూలై 13, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhrapreneurship, Congress, Economy, Identity, politics, regionalism, Settler, Sonia, Telangana, Y S Jagan.
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No solutions for AP in Jagan’s sop story

A Srinivasa Rao, July 13, 2011 India Today

It has been hardly four months since Y S Jaganmohan Reddy floated the YSR Congress. And he has already begun dreaming about coming to power and completing the “unfinished agenda” of his father – the late Y S Rajasekhara Reddy.

At the first-ever plenary of the party held at YSR estate at Idupulapaya village in Kadapa district last week, Jagan unveiled his party’s political programme, which looked more like an election manifesto rather than the party’s policies on various issues. It was clearly populist, promising various things to almost all the people at free or negligible cost. Jagan seems to be in a hurry to come to power. Perhaps, he has come out with a manifesto hoping that there would be mid-term elections in the state in the wake of political uncertainty. (మరింత…)

Vanta Varpu, Rail Roko on July 12, 14 -TJAC జూలై 10, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Congress, elections, politics, regionalism, Sonia, TDP, Telangana, TRS.
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TJAC plans Vanta Varpu, Rail Roko on July 12, 14
Express News Service, The New Indian Express
July 9, 2011

HYDERABAD: TJAC has decided to intensify the ongoing agitations by rescheduling all the agitational programmes from July 12 in the Telangana region.

The TJAC has decided to observe Vanta Varpu on July 12 across the region and organise rail roko on July 14.

Meanwhile TJAC chairman M Kodandaram met senior Congress leader K Keshava Rao at his residence and urged him to convince his party members for having a ‘united fight’ on the issue. In reply, Keshava Rao told them that their proposal would be discussed at Saturday’s meeting by the Telangana Congress public representatives at Nampally exhibition grounds. (మరింత…)

Act now on Telangana- The Hindu జూలై 10, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Andhra, Congress, elections, Hyderabad, Identity, Mulki, politics, regionalism, Sonia, struggle, Telangana, Telugu.
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Editorial

End this drift on Telangana
The Hindu, 6 Jul, 2011

When a government in drift mode adopts delay as a political tactic, the end result often is a crisis that becomes intractable. In the six months after the B.N. Srikrishna Committee submitted its report on the Telangana tangle, the United Progressive Alliance government did virtually nothing — not so much in the hope that the problem would go away as in the fear that any forward movement could trigger another round of violent agitations. This course of events was anticipated, and indeed cautioned against, by Mr. Srikrishna, whose report concluded with a quote from Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel: “It will be a folly to ignore realities; facts take their revenge if they are not faced squarely and well.” The report provided the basis for the government to push for a consensus on the strength of some viable proposals, which included the creation of an empowered Regional Council within the State. But instead of completing this process as expeditiously as possible, the government took the soft option of waiting for things to happen rather than making them happen. Keeping Andhra Pradesh united with “constitutional/statutory measures to address the core socioeconomic concerns about the development of the Telangana region” (as suggested in the report) is workable, but it will need a consensus that can be achieved only through broad-based and amicable consultations. (మరింత…)

Move on Telangana జూలై 10, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, conflict resolution, Congress, Economy, elections, Hyderabad, Identity, livelihoods, Mulki, politics, regionalism, Sonia, Telangana.
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Editorial

Move on Telangana
Economic Times, 7 Jul, 2011

Procrastination can lead to painful consequences, as the Congress party can testify after having first rushed to announce formation of a separate state of Telangana and then dragged its feet on acting on the promise. Now that legislators from the region have resigned en masse, including those from the Congress party, there is pressure on the party and the central government to act. At the same time, it is bad policy to concede a demand like formation of a separate state virtually at sword-point: that would be an invitation for a thousand separatist movements to brandish their swords around the country. (మరింత…)

deja vu Telangana అవే మాటలు, అవే చేతలు, అవే ప్రతిజ్ఞలు… – కె. శ్రీనివాస్ జూలై 3, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, agitation, Congress, corruption, drama, JAC, KCR, regionalism, Sonia, suicide, TDP, Telugu (తెలుగు), TRS.
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సందర్భం

అవే మాటలు, అవే చేతలు, అవే ప్రతిజ్ఞలు…
– కె. శ్రీనివాస్

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తెలంగాణ నేతల దగ్గర కానీ, సీమాంధ్ర ప్రతినిధుల వద్ద కానీ కొత్త ఆయుధాలేమీ లేవు. కొత్త ఆలోచనలు కూడా లేనట్టున్నాయి. రాజీనామాలు చేయండి, రాజకీయ కల్లోలం సృష్టించండి, కానీ, మళ్లీ పోటీచేయడం ఎందుకు? దానివల్ల ఉపయోగమేమిటి? ఇప్పుడున్న అంకగణితమే అప్పుడూ ఉంటుంది కదా? – అని ప్రశ్నించేవారి గొంతు పీలగా మాత్రమే వినిపిస్తుంది. భావదారిద్య్రం వల్ల జరిగే పునరుక్తికి కూడా చారిత్రక పునరావృత్తానికి ఇచ్చే గౌరవం ఇవ్వగలమా?
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డెజా వూ అన్న ఫ్రెంచి మాటకు అర్థం – ఇంతకు ముందే చూసినది – అని. ఒక దృశ్యం కానీ, సన్నివేశం కానీ, పరిస్థితుల సంపుటి కానీ ఎదురయినప్పుడు – అది ఇంతకు మునుపే అనుభవంలోకి వచ్చినట్టు అనిపించడమే డెజా వూ. మనోవైజ్ఞానిక శాస్త్ర పరిభాషగా వాడుకలోకి వచ్చిన ఈ మాట, ఇప్పుడు ఇతర శాస్త్ర, కళారంగాల రచనల్లోనూ, సాధారణ వ్యక్తీకరణల్లో కూడా భాగమైంది. రిజర్వేషన్ వ్యతిరేక ఆందోళన జరిగిన 80ల చివర్లో వరవరరావు డెజావూ శీర్షికతో ఒక గొప్ప దీర్ఘ కవిత రాశారు.

చరిత్ర పునరావృత్తం అవుతుందంటారు. నిజమే, కానీ యథాతథంగా కాదంటారు మార్క్స్. మొదటిసారి విషాదంగా జరిగినది రెండోసారి ఆభాసగా జరుగుతుందని ఆయన వ్యాఖ్యానించారు. ప్రతి మనిషికి సొంత జ్ఞాపకశక్తి ఉంటుంది, అంతేకాదు, సామూహిక జ్ఞాపకాలను చరిత్రగా, పురాణాలుగా భద్రపరచుకోవడం మనిషికి తెలుసు. విజయమో అపజయమో, సంబరమో సంక్షోభమో తారసపడినప్పుడు, గతంలోని అటువంటి సందర్భాలు గుర్తుకురావడం సహజం. అటువంటి అనేక పునరావృత్తాల నుంచి మనిషి అనుభవమూ జ్ఞానమూ పదునెక్కుతూ వచ్చింది.

తరచు ఎదురుపడే ఒకేరకమైన సందర్భాలను చూసి విసిగిపోయో, అర్థం చేసుకునే శక్తిలేకో మనిషి వేదాంతంలో పడిపోయి, జీవితం రంగులరాట్నం అనీ, చరిత్ర అంటే చర్విత చర్వణం అనీ, నిరంతరం ఒకే సంఘటనల క్రమం వలయాకారంలో జరుగుతుంటుందని నిర్ధారణకు వచ్చాడు. కానీ, అది నైరాశ్యంతోనో చమత్కారంగానో చెప్పుకునేదే తప్ప హేతువుకు నిలిచేది కాదని భౌతికవాదులు ఖండిస్తూనే వస్తున్నారు. ‘చరిత్ర పునరావృత్తమయ్యేదే నిజమైతే, మనిషి ఊహించని సంఘటనలు ఇన్ని ఎట్లా జరుగుతాయి? జరిగేది ప్రతీదీ మునుపెప్పుడో జరిగినదే అయితే, మనిషి తరచు ఎదురుదెబ్బలు ఎందుకు తింటున్నాడు? అనుభవం నుంచి నేర్చుకోవడంలో మనిషి ఉట్టి శుంఠ అన్న మాట’ – అంటాడు జార్జి బెర్నార్డ్ షా.

గతంలో జరిగిన సంఘటనలు ఏదో ఒక రూపంలో స్ఫురించే అవకాశమే లేకపోతే చరిత్రకు అర్థం లేదు. పోల్చుకునే సామర్థ్యమే లేకపోతే అనుభవానికి అర్థమే లేదు, చరిత్ర నుంచి అనుభవం నుంచి నేర్చుకోకపోతే మనిషికి జ్ఞానమే లేదు. అయినప్పటికీ, మనుషుల్లో కొందరు పోల్చుకోరు, నేర్చుకోరు, జ్ఞానాన్ని ఖాతరే చేయరు. తమబోంట్లకు చరిత్రలో ఏ గతిపట్టిందో తెలిసినా, తామొక్కరే భిన్నమనుకుంటారు. కాలం మునుముందుకే సాగుతుందని ఎన్ని సాక్ష్యాలున్నా, తిరోగమనం సాధ్యమేనని నమ్ముతారు.

న్యాయపక్షంలో నిలబడి ఓడిన వీరుడు మరణిస్తూ పునరుత్థానాన్ని వాగ్దానం చేస్తాడు. జనం చేతిలో చావు దెబ్బతిన్న వ్యవస్థ, ఆదమరిస్తే తాను మళ్లీ తలెత్తుతానని హెచ్చరిస్తుంది. అవశేషమైన చెడు మళ్లీ మళ్లీ పుడుతుంది. మిగిలిపోయిన మంచి కూడా మరోసారి ప్రయత్నిస్తూనే ఉంటుంది. పునరావృత్తం ఎందుకైనా సరే అది ఒక అసమగ్రతకు చిహ్నం, పట్టువదలని విక్రమార్కానికి సంకేతం. ప్రపంచగమనం నిండా అడుగడుగునా డెజా వూ లే.

తెలంగాణ ఉద్యమంలో మళ్లీ చెలరేగిన రాజీనామాల కలకలం మాత్రం ఆభాసా కాదు, అనివార్య పునరావృత్తమూ కాదు. కేవలం ఒక చర్విత చర్వణం. ఇప్పటికి ఎన్నిసార్లు రాజీనామాలు, ఎన్నిసార్లు ఉప ఎన్నికలు! ఇదే సన్నివేశం ఇంతకు ముందు పదే పదే జరిగినట్టు తెలిసిపోతూనే ఉన్నది. జానారెడ్డి ఇంటికి కెసిఆర్ – ఎప్పుడో విన్నట్టు లేదూ? డిసెంబర్ 9 వాగ్దానాన్ని నెరవేర్చనందుకే రాజీనామాలు చేస్తున్నట్టు లేఖ – ఇదీ జరిగినట్టే లేదూ? ఒక నిమిషంలో తేలేది కాదు తెలంగాణ – ఇదీ చిరపరిచితమే కదూ? రాజీనామాల వల్ల ఒరిగేదేమీ లేదు, ఎవరో చెబితే మేం చేస్తామా, మా నేత వేరు – ఈ మాటలూ అలవాటయినవే కదా? తెలంగాణ కోసం ప్రాణత్యాగమైనా చేస్తాం- తుప్పు పట్టిపోయినమాట. (మరింత…)