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Remembering Osmania University’s Contribution to Public Life- Adapa Satyanarayana ఆగస్ట్ 6, 2018

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, Culture, Deccan, Essays, heritage, Identity, Nizam, Osmania, students, Telangana, universities, Urdu.
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Economic and Political Weekly, 14-04-2018, Vol.53, No. 15

Remembering Osmania University’s Contribution to Public Life

Adapa Satyanarayana (adapas8@gmail.com) retired from the Department of History, Osmania University, Hyderabad.

For over a 100 years Osmania University has been a global centre of learning that served as a mirror and conscience keeper of society. Through its history it has not only educated the young, empowering them to find better employment, but it has also been a space that inculcated radical ideas in students who fought for systemic change and a more equal society. The university remains the most important institution for first-generation students from downtrodden backgrounds in the region. Today, the university is facing significant challenges, which must be addressed to safeguard this historic institution.

The author thanks the referee for comments and suggestions. He is also thankful to Ghanta Chakrapani and K Srinivasulu for their help in writing this article.

The establishment of Osmania University heralded a new era in the field of higher education in the erstwhile Hyderabad state, of which the Telangana region was an integral part. On the 26 April 1917, Mir Osman Ali Khan, the last Nizam promulgated a farman by which the new university was designed to take full advantage of “all that is best in the ancient and modern systems of physical, intellectual and spiritual culture” (Datla 2013: 50). The Nizam stated,
In the Hyderabad Dominions a University should be established in which the ancient and modern, oriental and occidental arts, sciences are synthesised in such a manner that the defects of the present system of education are rectified. (Datla 2013: 50)

The ideal of imparting higher education through the regional languages of India was a revolt against the dominance of the English language in India under British colonial rule. (మరింత…)

వైవిధ్యం కరువైన ఉస్మానియా- కడెంపల్లి సుధాకర్ గౌడ్ ఏప్రిల్ 25, 2017

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Culture, Deccan, Hyderabad, Identity, movement, Mulki, Osmania, politics, regionalism, struggle, students, Telugu (తెలుగు), universities, Urdu, youth.
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vaividyam karuvaina osmania -sudhakar goud

Gond mythology and culture ఫిబ్రవరి 20, 2016

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Adilabad, Art, Culture, Deccan, fairs and festivals, Gond, heritage, Hindu, Identity, ST, Telangana.
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Tribes changing their religious practices with time
S. Harpal Singh

The Hindu, Adilabad, February 20, 2016

Tribal people claim that Adivasi culture was derived from Hinduism

The Adivasis seem to be among the most misunderstood and most exploited lot even if the issue relates to the identity of their religion, a subject which incites much passion among the aboriginal tribes of Central India. The debate which was generated in Adilabad district during the recently concluded Keslapur Jatara or Nagoba Jatara, the famous tribal fair, not only focussed on the subject but helped expose the developments of the last few decades which had an impact on the religious practices of the aboriginal tribes.

gond festivals
A scene from Gondi Mahabharat being performed at the recently concluded Keslapur Jatara in Adilabad.–Photo: S. Harpal Singh

Nothing was amiss until anthropologist Christopher von Furer-Haimendorf re-visited the jatara in 1982 and witnessed the changes in the form of worship comparing it with the practice in 1941 when he had first visited it.

In his book ‘Tribes Of India, The Struggle for Survival’, Baron Haimendorf noted the construction of the existing temple in the style of Hindu temple and an attempt to seek connections between the Gond mythology and Hindu scriptures and to interpret the mythology in the light of Hindu ideology.

While the legendary Austrian anthropologist clearly considered the Gonds and other aboriginal tribes to be non-Hindus, the Pardhans or Patadi priests believe in the contrary. “We are Suryavanshi Hindus,” asserted Mesram Dada Rao, the Pardhan elder from Gundala in Narnoor mandal. (మరింత…)

Medaram Jatara ఫిబ్రవరి 20, 2016

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Culture, Deccan, fairs and festivals, Gond, heritage, Identity, Koya, Medaram, ST, Telangana, Warangal.
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Sea of humanity descends on Telangana forest for largest tribal fair

IANS, Thursday, February 18, 2016
Warangal (Telangana): Hundreds of thousands of people have reached Medaram in Warangal district for Sammakka Sarakka jatara, India’s largest tribal fair, which began on Wednesday.

Devotees, both tribal and non-tribal, from different parts of Telangana and other states like Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka are participating in the four-day fair, also known as Medaram jatra.

Sammakka Sarakka jatara, India’s largest tribal fair

Medaram and surrounding villages in the forest, about 100 km from district headquarters, have turned into sea of humanity for the tribal festival, organised once in two years. Men and women took a dip in Jampanna stream, which they believe wash away their sins.

Devotees belonging to different states and speaking different languages throng the forests to pay obeisance to tribal goddesses Sammakka and Sarakka.

The unique rituals, which include devotees offering jaggery to the deities, will begin Wednesday night with the customary arrival of Sarakka’s image from Kannepally village which will be placed on a platform. The image idol covered in red cloth was brought in a vessel laden with vermilion and turmeric powder. (మరింత…)

Padma Shri K Laxma Goud జనవరి 26, 2016

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Art, Culture, Deccan, heritage, Identity, Telangana, Telangana People.
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Padma Shri Laxma Goud

An account of the canvas of Telangana art and the artists’ journey along the changing times of this region is incomplete without mention of K Laxma Goud

Padma Sri K Laxma Goud - G Bharath Bhushan

Laxma Goud, photo by G Bharath Bhushan

Laxma Goud is a raconteur of Telangana life and landscape

“Basically a printmaker whose drawings or lines are more expressive than his colour, Laxma Goud has stirred the emotions of the art cognoscenti. He has been relentlessly and continues to look at the myriad themes of Telangana in different mediums – drawings, paintings, graphics, terracotta sculptures, bronze sculptures. His Telangana idiom draws upon the physicality of the landscape and people. Goud’s images are detailed intricately and simple to understand. He is a raconteur of sorts. In short, each work almost tells a story – the story of their lives, the story of their habitat as well as that of plants and animals. Earthy, rustic, but rooted in the rural, the imagery has an enchanting feel and touch about it”

Radhika Rajamani (2009), “Nativity and Narrative Themes in Telangana Art,” in Telangana- The State of Affairs

Marathi culture & literature in Telangana జనవరి 10, 2016

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Culture, Deccan, Hyderabad, Identity, politics, Telangana, Telangana People, TRS.
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Did Telangana Get the Short Shrift?

HYDERABAD: Even as the Hyderabad Lit Fest 2016 kicked off amid much fanfare, as some of the country’s most distinguished writers descending upon the city, visitors felt a little short-changed with the lack of local presence on day one of the prestigious festival.


Considering Hyderabad is playing host to the event, visitors expecting local flavour were instead treated to panel discussions on Singapore literature.

The annual event, which is taking place across three days at the Hyderabad Public School, played host to several panel discussions on various topics, including nature, literature, security, cinema, arts and culture – but did not include a single session on Telangana poetry or literature, which was prominent feature last year. Quelling theories of a lack of local presence during the litfest, festival director Prof. T Vijay Kumar, explained that Telangana literature will be covered during the three-day fest.

“There is a session titled ‘Perspectivizing Telangana’ on Sunday, which will be attended by the likes of Gautam Pingle, Rama Melkote, Sajjad Shahid and T Vivek. So we have definitely not neglected Telangana,” he clarified.

Marathi as focus

Another language which is extensively being covered at Hyderabad Litfest 2016 is Marathi — with sessions on Marathi Dalit literature, Marathi theatre and  Marathi poetry. “Every year, we select one Indian language as the language of focus for the litfest. We have had Telugu, Hindi and Urdu in the previous years. This time it is Marathi. We have chosen this language because Telangana and Hyderabad has had a long, rich connection spanning 400 years with Marathi,” Vijay Kumar informed. (మరింత…)

Telugu Identity and Telugu States మార్చి 17, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, Andhra, Culture, Deccan, Hyderabad, Identity, Mulki, Polavaram, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Telangana, Telugu.
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Mere paas talli hai
Priyanka Kotamraju, Business Line, March 10, 2014

The bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh will do little for Telugu identity

Games for a slice of the re-organised Andhra Pradesh pie have begun. But the battle of sub-regional identities has come to a dead end. The separation of Andhra Pradesh is not a triumph of the Telangana identity over the Telugu one; it is a case of one having an unambiguous definition, the other escaping it altogether. The construction of the Telugu identity has largely been neglected, shaped most recognisably by the Maa Telugu Talli (Our Telugu mother) anthem that has found resonance more often in school assemblies than in defining Telugu pride. Arguably, the Telugu Desam Party’s origin and rise in the eighties and nineties was the last public assertion of Telugu pride. On the other hand, Gadar’s rousing ballads, to name just one cultural strand, have invoked powerful sentiments to build a Telangana identity. (మరింత…)

June 2 Telangana State is a Crippled Child- Justice Sudershan Reddy మార్చి 8, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, Bhadrachalam, BJP, compromise, Congress, Deccan, Godavari, Khammam, Mulki, Polavaram, Settler, Telangana, TRS.
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Parliament Delivered a Crippled Child, Says Ex-judge
Express News Service, Hyderabad, 7 March 2014

“Parliament has delivered a crippled child with several major complications. History is repeating because we do not learn from our mistakes,” former judge of Supreme Court of India Justice B Sudershan Reddy has remarked, referring to formation of Telangana state on June 2.

He was speaking at a function organised to release a book, ‘Fall and Rise of Telangana’, written by Dr Gautam Pingle, former dean of research and consultancy of the Administrative Staff College of India (ASCI). The book was released by Telangana Joint Action Committee chairman M Kodandaram.

Justice Sudershan Reddy minced no words in laying bare the inability of the political leadership to allow injustice to Telangana while it was being created. “There will be only one High court for the two states, only one governor for two states and he would be sitting on law and order and for 10 years Hyderabad would remain a joint capital. How could this be allowed?” he asked.

He hit out at the political leadership of Telangana for its doublespeak. “You embrace personalities from the film world saying that though geographically we are separated but we can live like brothers knowing fully well it is the film world that has done a lot of damage to the Telangana social fabric. But why don’t you say a word about 3 lakh tribals who are going to be rendered homeless because of an ordinance brought out within hours of the President signing the AP Reorganisation Bill, 2013?” he said. (మరింత…)

Brief history of Telangana & Andhra Pradesh మార్చి 7, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, Andhra, Deccan, Godavari, Hyderabad, Kakatiya, Mulki, Nizam, politics, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Six Point Formula, SRC, Telangana, Warangal.
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A brief history of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
Ratnakar Sadaysula, DNA, 4 March 2014

Ratnakar Sadaysula writes about the history of Andhra Pradesh, and how the foundations of the Telangana movement were laid

Honestly speaking, it was quite a tough task for me, to write about the formation of Telangana – and the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh – without being emotionally affected. It was, after all, a place I called home. Tirupati in Rayalaseema was where I was born, Visakhapatnam in Coastal Andhra was where I grew up, studied, and got married, and Hyderabad in Telangana is where I am settled now.
In a sense, I belonged to all three regions. I had relatives from Telangana, from Seema region and of course from Coastal Andhra. But then I never saw them as being from Telangana or Seema or Kosta; for me they were just my relatives, period. It was the same at engineering college. My classmates came from all parts of the state, but we never really saw ourselves as being from Telangana or Seema or Coastal Andhra. Yes, we used to often rib and joke about where we came from, but at end of the day, we were all basically Telugu people.

When the bifurcation finally happened, it was as if a part of me was lost somewhere, a sort of confused identity. Until then, I could tell people I was from Andhra Pradesh. But now, where exactly do I say I am from? Do I belong to Coastal Andhra since Vizag is my hometown? Do I belong to Telangana since I live in Hyderabad? Or am I from Rayalaseema, since I was born in Tirupati?

Of course, apart from the “are you from Seemandhra or Telangana?” question, people also asked me, “Why Telangana state, what was the need for it to be formed?”

It is not easy to cover the entire Telangana-Andhra issue in a single article, as it has multiple dimensions, social, political, economic and historical. So, this is an attempt to explain it to people outside Andhra Pradesh, who wonder what the fuss is all about.

A brief history

The name Telangana is believed to have been derived from the word Trilinga Desa, the ancient name for Andhra Pradesh, so called because it is believed that it was flanked by three ancient Shiva Temples at Srisailam, Kaleswaram and Draksharama. A more historical explanation is that during the reign of the Nizams, the region was called Telugu Angana (where Telugu was spoken) to differentiate it from the Marathi speaking areas of their kingdom. (మరింత…)

Telangana will show its might in cotton, paddy, maize ఆగస్ట్ 4, 2013

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Deccan, Economy, Rayalaseema, Telangana.
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Telangana will show its might in cotton, maize

K.V.Kurmanath 2 August 2013, The Business Line

Andhra Pradesh is a leading player in paddy, cotton, groundnut, sugarcane, maize, tobacco and chillies. After bifurcation, there would be a stark contrast in the availability of fertile lands and water in the two regions.

While the Andhra region is home to the most fertile lands, Telangana is predominantly rain-fed, with uneven distribution of rainfall. The Rayalaseema area is scarce in water resources.

After the proposed division, Telangana will emerge as a predominant player in cotton, paddy and maize, with a total kharif area of 81 lakh hectares. Telangana farmers grow cotton in 14 lakh hectares during a normal kharif season. In comparison, the US grows the crop in a total area of18 lakh ha. This shows how important the cotton crop would be for the new State.

The other major crop where it virtually dominates is maize. Telangana farmers grow this crop in 4.4 lakh ha as against the US total of 5.08 lakh ha. (మరింత…)