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Two Telugu states, one poll issue – Telangana ఫిబ్రవరి 25, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhrapreneurship, BJP, Congress, corruption, elections, Hyderabad, Kamma, Kapu, MIM, Polavaram, Reddy, Settler, TDP, Telangana, TRS, Y S Jagan.
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LS elections: Telangana is the only poll issue in both states
D P Satish, IBNLive.com, February 24, 2014

There are two clear winners and many losers in the run up to the battle for Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The creation of Telangana is likely to boost the political prospects of two political parties – Telangana Rashra Samithi (TRS) in Telangana and YSR Congress Party (YSRCP) in Andhra Pradesh. The Congress, which is staring at decimation is likely to retain its hold over Telangana. The TDP led by N Chandrababu Naidu may end up as the biggest loser on both sides in the whole exercise.

YS Jagan Mohan Reddy of the YSRCP has been the most vocal critic of bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and he is likely to reap the benefits in Andhra Pradesh. His main rival the TDP may lose because of its ambiguous stand on the division of AP. The TDP’s proximity to the BJP leadership may also go against the party.

In AP (Seemandhra), people are angry with both the Congress and the BJP for joining hands to divide their state. According to TDP sources Chandrababu Naidu, who was earlier planning to go with the BJP, is now rethinking. (మరింత…)

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Telangana and Reddy – Kamma battles : Gautam Pingle సెప్టెంబర్ 6, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, Congress, elections, Greater Rayalaseema, Hyderabad, Identity, Jai Andhra, Kamma, Kapu, Mulki, Parliament, politics, Reddy, regionalism, SC, ST, TDP, Telangana, Telugu, TRS, Velama.
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15 వ్యాఖ్యలు

Reddys, Kammas and Telangana
Gautam Pingle

Economic & Political Weekly EPW September 3, 2011 vol xlvi no 36 p 19 – 21

Reddy-Kamma rivalry has defined politics in Andhra Pradesh in both the Congress Party and the Telugu Desam Party. The two communities used a pliant Telangana vote bank in their battles, but this option is now no longer available to them. Should that come in the way of the formation of a state of Telangana?

Take Andhra: there are only two major communities spread over the linguistic area. They are either Reddis or the Kammas. They hold all the land, all the offices, and all the business.
– Ambedkar 1955

Caste is an important factor in the political history of Andhra Pradesh and remains critical for political mobilisation. Most scholars have pointed out the hegemony of the Reddy and Kamma castes.
– Sri Krishna Committee (SKC) Report: 410

The Reddys and Kammas continue to hold economic and political power and are likely to continue to play an influential role in future decisions regarding the state.
– SKC Report: 310.

Caste and Party Politics

A Reddy-Kamma alliance with the Reddys playing a dominant role has become the leitmotif of the Andhra Pradesh (AP) Congress. This control is based partly on numerical strength, dominant status in villages and economic power. As for numerical strength:

…the regional distribution of upper castes varies with Coastal Andhra having the highest proportion at 32%, followed by Rayalaseema at 24% and Telangana having the smallest proportion at only 11% (SKC Report: 380).

Of the 11 cabinets formed from 1956 to 1980, the Reddy contingent supplied an average of 26% of the total with the brahmins (7%), Kammas (8%) and Kapus and Other Backward Classes (OBCs) (28%). This was in line with the general dominance of the Reddy community in the seven assemblies (with an average strength of 294 seats) during the period 1957 to 1985, when they had an average of 25% of the seats with brahmins getting 9%, Kammas 14% and backward castes 17%. While all this was going on, during the same period there was a total collapse of brahmin presence in the seven assemblies (from 23 to 11 MLAs) as well as in the same 11 cabinets (from 23% to 6%) (Reddy 1989: 305-06).

However, it is an odd but incontestable fact that a Kamma has never been a Congress chief minister. This is significant in that the Kamma community from 1953 until 1983 had almost totally supported the Congress Party with votes, funds and media support. That was to change with the advent of the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), which, in its turn, has had only Kamma chief ministers till date! While the Congress has some Kamma support and the TDP Reddy support, they largely reflect the interests of the dominant castes that control their fortunes. However, as Carolyn Elliott (1970) comments, these Reddy-Kamma equations are unstable and tend to fall apart. (మరింత…)

Telangana botched up డిసెంబర్ 19, 2009

Posted by Telangana Utsav in agitation, Andhra, BCs, Congress, Economy, elections, GHMC, Identity, Kamma, Kapu, KCR, Mulki, politics, PRP, Rayalaseema, Reddy, Sonia, TDP, Telangana, Telugu, TRS, Velama, violence, Y S Jagan, YSR.
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Telangana botched up

Neerja Chowdhury
Express News Service: 15 Dec 2009 12:45:17 AM IST

The genesis of the T-trouble that has suddenly erupted in the face of the Congress lies in the vacuum left by the death of Y S Rajasekhara Reddy, and the intense power struggle that has ensued in the Congress. The struggle for a separate state of Telangana is not a recent phenomenon. It first surfaced as a peasants movement against landlords in the late Forties and early Fifties. Later it acquired the shape of a demand for a separate state and got new impetus only in the last 10 years.

During this period the Congress graduated from a position of proposing a Second States Reorganisation Commission which the Pranab Mukherjee Committee had made to L K Advani — and which was turned down by the then Union home minister — to a commitment to create a separate state of Telangana.

These promises were contained in the Common Minimum Programme in 2004, in the Congress manifesto and election campaign in 2009. Sonia Gandhi’s words in Secunderabad are cited repeatedly, accepting ‘in principle’ the idea of a separate Telangana. However, YSR, who had resisted a separate state assured the party high command that he would manage the situation at his end. YSR managed to keep Telangana from boiling over through a policy of carrot and stick. He set up a committee on the Telangana issue that was headed by K Rosaiah. He also deliberately picked up ministers from the Telangana region who he felt would be pliant.

As luck would have it — or he managed it — the Telangana Rashtra Samithi did poorly in election after election which pushed the issue off the radar. Frustrated with the non-action by the Congress, with which it had forged an alliance in 2004, the TRS parted ways in 2006 but fared poorly in the bypolls which followed the resignation of his MPs and MLAs two years later.

The TRS came a cropper again in the 2009 general elections winning only two out of the 17 Lok Sabha seats and 10 out of the 119 Assembly seats in the Telangana region. This is not to say that there has not been an under-the-surface feeling in favour of a separate Telangana, given its continuing backwardness compared to coastal Andhra, and the domination of the Reddys and Kammas in the state’s politics since its formation which the OBC leaders chafe against — the Telangana region comprises 60 per cent OBCs. The point is that the ‘T’ sentiment was not dominant enough to become an election issue influencing their outcome in successive polls. Till KCR decided to go on a fast. After his 2009 poll debacle, he had reportedly quipped to friends whether he should shut shop. He had not even mustered up courage to contest the elections last month for the municipal council of Greater Hyderabad.

The timing of the fast was curious and coincided with two other events, though ostensibly unconnected. One was the confirmation of Rosaiah as a full-fledged CM. The second was a CBI enquiry initiated by the Centre against the Reddy brothers for illegal mining operations. The Bellary brothers were closely associated with YSR and with Jagan Mohan Reddy, and it is possible that Jagan began to feel the heat. (మరింత…)