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India’s Newest State Telangana Is Bosnia Redux
Kranti Rai, The Daily Beast, 03.22.14
By acquiescing to the formation of a new state, Telangana, India is setting a dangerous precedent of ethnic division.
By acquiescing in the formation of a new state called Telangana, India has succumbed to the greatest political fraud in its modern history. Andhra Pradesh, stretching from central to peninsular India, is larger than New Zealand. The Telugu-speaking Indians who predominate the state, numbering roughly 80 million, are more numerous than the French or the British. (Satya Nadella, the new CEO of Microsoft, is a Telugu, as is Nina Davuluri, the reigning Miss USA.) The Telugus’ contribution to recent Indian history has been both constructive and corrosive. If the flag of independent India was the product of a Telugu patriot’s inclusive imagination, the map of contemporary India is the consequence of the Telugus’ insularity. It was the Telugus’ agitation in the 1950s for cultural and linguistic homogeneity that prompted the restructuring of Indian territory into linguistic states. Andhra Pradesh was born on November 1, 1956, as free India’s first state.
To its proponents Andhra was the meridian, after 600 years of division and dispersal, of Telugu civilization. It was the largest state in peninsular India, returned the second-largest contingent of MPs to the Indian parliament, housed the third-largest linguistic bloc in the country, and was the geographic intersection that bridged north and south. But the moment could not be sustained. Less than 60 years after its historic creation, Andhra is poised to be partitioned once again. The irony is that the Telugus, having precipitated the reorganization of India by invoking language as a legitimate instrument of political mobilization, will now become the only major linguistic minority within India to be divided by boundaries. (మరింత…)
Major developments in recent Telangana history ఫిబ్రవరి 25, 2014Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, G.O 610, Godavari, Hyderabad, Identity, Jai Andhra, movement, Mulki, Nizam, Polavaram, Settler, SRC, Telangana, TRS, YSR.
Tags: 29th state, Seemandhra, Srikrishna Committee
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Major developments in history of Telangana
IANS, February 18,2014
HYDERABAD: With the Lok Sabha passing the bill for bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh on Tuesday, decks have been cleared for formation of Telangana as 29th state in India. Following are the major events in the history of Telangana since 1948:
1948: Indian Army annexes princely state of Hyderabad, which comprised different regions including Telangana.
1950: Telangana became Hyderabad State.
1952: First elections held in Hyderabad State.
Nov 1, 1956: Telangana merged with Andhra State, which was carved out of Madras State, to form Andhra Pradesh, a united state for Telugu-speaking people.
1969: ‘Jai Telangana’ movement for separate statehood to Telangana began. Over 300 people killed in police firing. (మరింత…)
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Construction and Consolidation of the Telangana Identity
H Srikanth, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol – XLVIII No.45-46, November 16, 2013
H Srikanth (firstname.lastname@example.org) is with the North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong
The architects of the idea of Vishalandhra (Greater Andhra) were not unaware of subregional sentiments, but were eager that all Telugu people unite on the basis of a common language and culture, and build a democratic and progressive state (Sundariah 1999). It is disheartening to see that such a state, formed with considerable goodwill and hope, is about to be bifurcated.
The idea of a linguistic reorganisation of states in India owes its genesis to the Telugu people who were the first to invoke a common linguistic identity to pressure the central government to create a separate state of Andhra out of the Madras Province in 1953. Three years later, they sought the merger of Andhra state with the Telangana region of the erstwhile state of Hyderabad to form the new state of Andhra Pradesh (AP).
The architects of the idea of Vishalandhra (Greater Andhra) were not unaware of subregional sentiments, but were eager that all Telugu people unite on the basis of a common language and culture, and build a democratic and progressive state (Sundariah 1999).1 It is disheartening to see that such a state, formed with considerable goodwill and hope, is about to be bifurcated. The decision of the union cabinet to form a state of Telangana is interpreted by many political leaders and activist intellectuals as the logical culmination of the struggles and aspirations of the region’s people for identity and self-rule. The decision has, however, roused passions and public protests in other parts of AP, now referred to as Seemandhra, and compelled people to come out in support of Samaikyandhra (United Andhra Pradesh). Alongside agitations and counter-agitations, an interesting political debate is taking place in the state between proponents and adversaries of the Telangana movement. Against the background of these movements and debates, this article studies the process that has led to the construction and consolidation of a Telangana identity and interrogates the premises on which ideologues have sought to justify the movement for a separate state.
AP comprises three distinct subregions – coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema, and Telangana. Given differences in historical, cultural, geographical, and developmental experiences, subregional identities have persisted in the state since its inception. But these subregional identities thrived alongside the overarching linguistic identity common to all Telugu people. Despite the reservations of some Congress leaders, the majority opinion in Telangana in 1956 was in favour of creating AP. The communists, who then had considerable public support in Telangana, were openly in support of the idea of Vishalandhra. The formal decision to merge with Andhra to form AP was taken by the Hyderabad legislative assembly after considerable deliberation on its pros and cons.2 However, a decade later, the state witnessed competing subregional movements demanding a separate Telangana and a separate Andhra (Sen 1970; Gray 1971, 1974; Dasaradha Rama Rao et al 1973). Prime Minister Indira Gandhi refused to yield to the subregional demands and enforced a compromise by initiating a six-point formula, followed by the 32nd Constitutional Amendment, 1973, incorporating Clause 371-D.3 The Telangana Praja Samithi (TPS), formed in 1969 to fight for a separate Telangana, was dissolved and its leaders rejoined the Congress Party in 1971. (మరింత…)
TDP in favour of separate Telangana? ఆగస్ట్ 17, 2012Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhra, compromise, elections, Hyderabad, Identity, Jai Andhra, Mulki, politics, regionalism, Settler, TDP.
Tags: Chandrababu Naidu, Jai Telangana, sub-regionalism, Telugu Desam
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TDP in favour of a separate Telangana state?
Inkeshaf Ahmed August 16, 2012 Postnoon
After a recent meeting, the TDP is now preparing to take a stand in favour of a separate state
After suffering political loses due to its vacillation on the T-State issue, the TDP is ready to yield a separate Telangana. The issue was seriously discussed at the recent politburo of the party. Though the Telangana legislators and other local leaders of the party had been unofficially batting for a T-state, the party had been riding two horses so far.
“Yes, we are inching towards announcing a positive stand on Telangana. During the politburo meeting, our party president gave a positive sign towards supporting the decade-old agitation for Telangana. There was opposition from Andhra and Rayalaseema leaders but Naidu was firm on his decision and did not pay heed to their concerns,” party senior leader and former minister from Telangana S Devaiah told Postnoon. (మరింత…)
TRS scraped through in Parkal జూన్ 16, 2012Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Andhra, bandh, BJP, cinema, Congress, corruption, elections, Harish, Identity, JAC, Jai Andhra, Kakatiya, KCR, Mahabubnagar, Mulki, Orugallu, Polavaram, politics, regionalism, Settler, SEZ, Sonia, suicide, TDF, TDP, Telangana, TRS, violence, Warangal, Y S Jagan, YSR.
Tags: caste, electoral politics, Geesukonda, Konda Surekha, lull, Mahbubabad, Moluguri Bikshapati, odarpu yatra, Parkal by-election, Sakala Janula Samme, Samaikya Andhra, Sangem, sentiment, Sharmila, Telangana vaadam, TJAC, Vijayamma, Vijaychander
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Parkal result a wake up call for Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Arun Kumar Govindraj, TNN, June 16, 2012
HYDERABAD: The close finish in Parkal between K Chandrasekhar Rao’s Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) and Jaganmohan Reddy’s YSR Congress has thrown up serious questions about the strength of the ongoing separate Telangana movement with the TRS itself admitting that it needs to regroup and introspect.
TRS ought to be worried by the slender majority of 1,562 votes by which its candidate Moluguri Bikshapati won as Parkal lies in the heart of Telangana statehood movement — Warangal. TRS earlier had boasted that it would win by a majority of 35,000-40,000 votes. But evidently, the voter was equally divided between the pro-Telangana protagonist and a party which espouses the united Andhra cause.
In fact, the fight turned out to be a bit like a T-20 cricket match with leads swinging back and forth between the TRS and YSR CP. Bhikhapati, who was leading comfortably with 5,999-vote lead till the 12th round, slipped to a slender majority of 283 votes in the 17th round. At one point, YSR CP’s Konda Surekha led by 16 votes. The TRS candidate gained in the last 19th round and snatched victory. But where did the TRS calculations go wrong? The Friday’s result is not only a wake up call for the party but raises questions on the effectiveness of the movement. (మరింత…)
Tight finish between TRS and YSRC in Parkal జూన్ 14, 2012Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in BJP, Congress, corruption, elections, Harish, Identity, JAC, Jai Andhra, KCR, Mahabubnagar, Mulki, Orugallu, Polavaram, politics, regionalism, Settler, TDF, TDP, Telangana, TRS, Warangal, Y S Jagan, YSR.
Tags: Atmakur, Bikshapati, Geesukonda, Konda Surekha, Parkal, Parkal byelection, Sangem, sentiment, Sharmila, Shayampet, Sushma Swaraj, Telangana vaadam, TJAC, Vijayamma
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It’s neck and neck for YSR Congress, TRS
TNN | Jun 13, 2012
PARKAL: The Konda couple are confident while the Telangana protagonists are no less optimistic of winning the seat with the massive turnout of the electorate in the bypolls on Tuesday. Nearly 84% of the total 1,87,222 voters in Parkal, Atmakur, Geesukonda and Sangem mandals of the Parkal constituency exercised their franchise.
While both TRS and YSR CP candidates are confident of winning the seat with a comfortable majority, analysts said it would be a tight finish between YSR CP’s Konda Surekha and TRS’ Moluguri Bikshapati. While Surekha is banking on her good work in the constituency, the TRS nominee is hoping that the strong Telangana sentiment would see him emerge victorious. In the 2009 elections, Surekha won against Bikshapati on Congress ticket. (మరింత…)
Tags: 1998 Kakinada promise, 2014 promise, Advani, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, NDA, Parkal byelection, Sushma, Telangana impasse
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Sushma reigns despite rain
June 10, 2012 | By DC Correspondent | Warangal
The much-anticipated showdown between TRS chief K. Chandrasekhar Rao and BJP leader Sushma Swaraj turned out to be a damp squib due to sudden showers that forced both the leaders to cut short their speeches at their respective public meetings in Warangal on Saturday.
Ms Swaraj attracted a large turnout despite the rain at BJP’s Telangana Poru Sabha at Hygreevachary Ground in Warangal city, while the TRS chief addressed a meeting at the Angadi centre.
The heavy downpour forced Ms Swaraj to wait in the car for an hour before she could finally make it to the dais at 8pm. The crowds waited patiently despite the rains and poor sound system.
Befitting the weather, she quoted appropriate lines from BJP patriarch Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s poem, Andhera Chhatega, Suraj Nikalega, Kamal Khilega (Darkness will fade, the sun will rise and the lotus will bloom).
In her half-hour speech, she avoided TRS bashing but chose to target the Congress for the impasse on Telangana.
“Telangana is a fight for identity of language, culture and the arts. It is not antagonistic to any region,” she said, while appealing to the Parkal people to do a repeat of Mahbubnagar by-poll. (మరింత…)
TRS releases Advani’s anti Telangana letter జూన్ 10, 2012Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Andhrapreneurship, BJP, compromise, Congress, drama, elections, Harish, JAC, Jai Andhra, Mahabubnagar, Mulki, Polavaram, politics, regionalism, TDP, TRS, Warangal, Y S Jagan, YSR.
Tags: Advani, Ch Vidyasagar Rao, election promise, electoral strategy, Kakinada resolution, Mallepally Laxmaiah Committee, Parkal byelection, TJAC, TRS allies
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TRS releases advani’s 2002 anti-t letter
June 10,2012, By DC Correspondent, Warangal
With the Telangana Rashtra Samiti and the Bharatiya Janata Party pulling out all stops to corner the pro-Telangana vote in Parkal, both parties are doing their best to wrest the initiative on Telangana statehood.
Hours before leader of the opposition in the Lok Sabha Sushma Swaraj’s arrival to campaign for the BJP in Parkal, TRS leader Harish Rao on Saturday released a video clip of the BJP’s former minister Ch. Vidyasagar Rao and a letter written by former Union home minister L.K. Advani in 2002.
Releasing the video clip and the letter, Mr Harish Rao, the TRS’ strategy expert, alleged that the BJP was trying to reap the “Telangana crop harvest” that had been sown, watered and cared for by the TRS since 2001.
Mr Harish Rao distributed copies of Mr Advani’s letter, dated April 1, 2002 and addressed to the then BJP MP A. Narendra, saying that “regional disparities in economic development can be tackled through planning.” Mr Advani stated in his letter, “we do not propose the creation of a separate state of Telangana.” (మరింత…)
Tags: 1998 one vote two states, Advani, Kakinada resolution, Mallepally Laxmaiah Committee, Parkal byelection, Parkal promise, Sushma Swaraj, TJAC, Venkaiah Naidu
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Telangana state top priority for NDA: Shahnawaz
The party is totally committed for Telangana state
Press Trust of India / Hyderabad Jun 10, 2012
Reiterating BJP’s commitment towards smaller states, former Union Minister and party’s official spokesperson Shahnawaz Hussain today assured that NDA’s first decision after coming to power at the Centre would be creation of separate Telangana state.
“The party is totally committed for Telangana state and first decision of the NDA, if voted to power, would be carving out of Telangana region as a separate state,” Shahnawaz told reporters here, before leaving for Parkal Assembly constituency in Warangal district to participate in elections campaign.
Alleging that some political parties have been playing with the sentiments of Telangana people, Shahnawaz said they (people) have now identified the parties who have been deceiving them in the name of separate state and they have full faith in BJP. (మరింత…)
Tags: 1998 BJP Kakinada promise, byelections, bypolls, caste, Kishan Reddy, Mahbubnagar, old tricks, Parkal, Parkal byelection, sentiment, slogans, Surekha, TJAC, Venkaiah Naidu, YSRC
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TRS Taking Parakal Bypoll As Do-Or-Die Battle
PTI, Hyderabad, June 7, 2012
The Telangana Rashtra Samiti is fighting the by-election for Parakal Assembly constituency as if it will become extinct if it does not win the seat.
The BJP is giving the TRS a run for its money in Parakal after having made the latter bite the dust in the by-election in Mahbubnagar in March this year.
The BJP is confident that the Mahbubnagar result will be repeated in Parakal but the TRS is bent on preventing it as a defeat will threaten its existence as the sole torch-bearer of the statehood movement.
Observers feel that the BJP has gained a lot of ground in Parakal over the last few days causing a significant dent in TRS’ prospects. (మరింత…)