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Construction and Consolidation of the Telangana Identity
H Srikanth, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol – XLVIII No.45-46, November 16, 2013
H Srikanth (firstname.lastname@example.org) is with the North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong
The architects of the idea of Vishalandhra (Greater Andhra) were not unaware of subregional sentiments, but were eager that all Telugu people unite on the basis of a common language and culture, and build a democratic and progressive state (Sundariah 1999). It is disheartening to see that such a state, formed with considerable goodwill and hope, is about to be bifurcated.
The idea of a linguistic reorganisation of states in India owes its genesis to the Telugu people who were the first to invoke a common linguistic identity to pressure the central government to create a separate state of Andhra out of the Madras Province in 1953. Three years later, they sought the merger of Andhra state with the Telangana region of the erstwhile state of Hyderabad to form the new state of Andhra Pradesh (AP).
The architects of the idea of Vishalandhra (Greater Andhra) were not unaware of subregional sentiments, but were eager that all Telugu people unite on the basis of a common language and culture, and build a democratic and progressive state (Sundariah 1999).1 It is disheartening to see that such a state, formed with considerable goodwill and hope, is about to be bifurcated. The decision of the union cabinet to form a state of Telangana is interpreted by many political leaders and activist intellectuals as the logical culmination of the struggles and aspirations of the region’s people for identity and self-rule. The decision has, however, roused passions and public protests in other parts of AP, now referred to as Seemandhra, and compelled people to come out in support of Samaikyandhra (United Andhra Pradesh). Alongside agitations and counter-agitations, an interesting political debate is taking place in the state between proponents and adversaries of the Telangana movement. Against the background of these movements and debates, this article studies the process that has led to the construction and consolidation of a Telangana identity and interrogates the premises on which ideologues have sought to justify the movement for a separate state.
AP comprises three distinct subregions – coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema, and Telangana. Given differences in historical, cultural, geographical, and developmental experiences, subregional identities have persisted in the state since its inception. But these subregional identities thrived alongside the overarching linguistic identity common to all Telugu people. Despite the reservations of some Congress leaders, the majority opinion in Telangana in 1956 was in favour of creating AP. The communists, who then had considerable public support in Telangana, were openly in support of the idea of Vishalandhra. The formal decision to merge with Andhra to form AP was taken by the Hyderabad legislative assembly after considerable deliberation on its pros and cons.2 However, a decade later, the state witnessed competing subregional movements demanding a separate Telangana and a separate Andhra (Sen 1970; Gray 1971, 1974; Dasaradha Rama Rao et al 1973). Prime Minister Indira Gandhi refused to yield to the subregional demands and enforced a compromise by initiating a six-point formula, followed by the 32nd Constitutional Amendment, 1973, incorporating Clause 371-D.3 The Telangana Praja Samithi (TPS), formed in 1969 to fight for a separate Telangana, was dissolved and its leaders rejoined the Congress Party in 1971. (మరింత…)
Separate Telangana – Nehru’s pluralist federal democracy vs Golwalkar’s Hindu India ఫిబ్రవరి 4, 2013Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in BJP, Congress, CPI-M, Mulki, regionalism, Telangana.
Tags: CP Bhambhri, Golwalkar, linguistic states
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A Telangana Territorial Administration?
CP Bhambhri, Hindustan Times, February 03, 2013
The argument in defence of small states is that these sub-regions, which have remained underdeveloped as part of large states, can tackle developmental issues better. Hence the argument that size matters and small states can focus their attention on development because they are nearer to the people. So the agitation for Telangana. However, in spite of six options given by the Justice Srikrishna Commission, which was set up to look into the Telangana tangle, the Centre has not been able to arrive at any conclusive decision.
The Constitution-makers had made elaborate provisions for dealing with such sub-regional demands by laying down a provision for the establishment of territorial administration without partitioning a state, and this provision has been in operation in Bodoland, Gorkhaland et al. A Telangana Territorial Administration can be set up with ‘special status’ for 10 backward districts of the region. (మరింత…)
TJAC gives Congress ultimatum till April 24 – Kodandaram ఏప్రిల్ 5, 2012Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, BJP, Congress, CPI, CPI-M, elections, Identity, JAC, MIM, politics, regionalism, Sonia, suicide, TDP, TRS, YSR.
Tags: 2004 elections, 2009 elections, Chidambaram, consensus, Jaipal Reddy, Jana Reddy, MLA, MP, TJAC, YSRC
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Telangana: JAC gives Cong ultimatum till Apr 24
Agencies: Hyderabad, Apr 04 2012
The Telangana Political Joint Action Committee (JAC) today threatened to intensify the separate statehood agitation once again if the ruling Congress fails to make its stand clear on the issue before the Parliament resumes for the second part of the Budget session on April 24.
Congress should clear its stand on Telangana issue as it had promised to deliver the separate state in the 2004 and 2009 elections, JAC convener M Kodandaram told reporters here.
The MPs and MLAs of Congress should put pressure on their party leadership towards accepting the separate statehood demand, the JAC convenor said in the background of the Union Home Minister P Chidambaram’s statement last month that four political parties in Andhra Pradesh — Congress, TDP, MIM and YSR Congress –were yet to make up their mind about their stand on Telangana. (మరింత…)
Tags: byelections, Ibrahim, Kamareddy, Kollapur, Kovur, Nagam, Nagarkurnool, Station Ghanpur
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మార్చి 2012 ఎన్నికల్లో మల్లొకసారి జై తెలంగాణ!
బై ఎలెక్షన్ల ఫలితాలు అనుకొన్నట్టే ఒచ్చినయ్. రాజీనామా చేశినొల్లకు, తెలంగాణ అన్నోల్లకు, తెలంగాణ జెండెత్తుకొన్నోల్లకు మల్లొకసారి వోటు!
Station Ghanapur TRS
అదిలాబాదు, కామారెడ్డి, కొల్లాపూర్, స్టేషన్ ఘనపూర్, నాగర్ కర్నూల్ అటు కోవూరుల పాతోల్లకే వోటు. పార్టీలు కొత్తవి
కొల్లాపూరు, స్టేషన్ ఘనపూర్, కామారెడ్డి, అదిలాబాదులతో పాటు నాగర్ కర్నూలుల నాగం విజయం జై తెలంగాణకు వోటు
2009ల కాంగ్రేసుకున్న కొల్లాపూరు, స్టేషన్ ఘనపూర్, తెలుగు దేశంకున్న కామారెడ్డి, అదిలాబాదులు ఇపుడు టీ.ఆర్.ఎస్ కు బదిలీ
ఒక్కదగ్గర కొత్తగా బీజేపీ ప్రవేశం. టీ.ఆర్.ఎస్ ను ఓడించి మహబూబునగర్ బీజేపి గెలిశింది. ఎవ్వరితో పొత్తు లేకుండ ఒంటరిగా పోరుయాత్ర చేశి విజయం సాధించింది.
Congress wins trust vote, 16 hours debate on corruption & growing crisis in the state డిసెంబర్ 7, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in BJP, Congress, corruption, CPI, CPI-M, Polavaram, politics, regionalism, TDP, Telangana, TRS, Y S Jagan, YSR.
Tags: farmers, Praja Rajyam, Volkswagen
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Kiran government wins trust vote
Special Correspondent, The Hindu, HYDERABAD, December 6, 2011
Marathon 16-hour-long debate ends at 1.30 a.m.
The Congress government defeated the Telugu Desam-sponsored no confidence motion by a comfortable margin of 160-122 votes at the end of a marathon 16-hour-long debate that ended at 1.30 a.m. on Tuesday.
But the ruling party paid a heavy price for its victory after 16 of its MLAs defied its whip and voted in favour of the no trust motion, notwithstanding the likelihood of their disqualification from the Assembly. If they are disqualified, the Congress party’s own strength will come down to 137, way below the half-way mark in the 294-member Assembly.
However, the voting pattern, including the rebellion by the pro-Jagan MLAs, went along expected lines. The Opposition parties comprising the TDP, TRS, CPI, BJP, CPI (M) and Congress rebels closed ranks and voted in support of the motion while the one-year-old Kiran Kumar Reddy government mustered the backing of the Praja Rajyam and its ally, the MIM, to sail through. Lok Satta member N. Jayaprakash Narayan remained neutral. (మరింత…)
Chisti and Misinformation: Subhash Chandra అక్టోబర్ 12, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, Articles, corruption, CPI, CPI-M, Culture, Deccan, English, Hyderabad, Identity, MIM, Mulki, Nizam, politics, regionalism, Review, struggle, Telangana.
Tags: 1946-1951, 1952 elections, 1969 Telangana Movement, Armed Struggle, Arutla Kamaladevi, Arutla Ramachandra Reddy, Communist, Hyderabad State, Maqdoom Mohiuddin, P. Sundarayya, Raj Bahadur Gour, Seema Chisti, SKC, Telangana Peoples Armed Struggle, Yechuri
Land of Much Disinformation
Masquerading as Journalism
Dear journalist Ms. Seema Chisti,
Greetings from the State of Telangana!
I have addressed you as a journalist since you identified yourself as one in one of your public tweets. Specifically though, I am writing this letter to you with reference to your October 7, 2011 online article titled “Land of many discontents” published by Indian Express. I have also read many of your posts on Telangana as well as on various other issues and subjects. (http://www.indianexpress.com/columnist/seemachishti)
I am not a journalist (exclusively) myself but, I do have high regard for true journalism and true journalists of unquestionable integrity. I hope, you subscribe to such values, too.
After reading your column “Land of many discontents” though I have serious concerns. Just to be sure, I then read your other articles on Telangana and my suspicions were confirmed. Perhaps, it is unfair on my part to expect such high standards from you. Still, considering the facts that you have worked at BBC and Indian Express as a senior journalist, I expect you to at least check your facts for accuracy even if your opinions are biased. Alas, you have seriously disappointed me and, I am sure, many other serious readers of news and opinions both in India and abroad. What shocks me is that even senior journalists like you and many others like Vijay Simha @ Tehelka, and even Rajdeep Sardesai of Editors Guild take your professional responsibility rather lightly and commit grave errors both in substance and accuracy. I just wonder what the reasons could be. Is it because you consider yourself above the fray or too important to concern yourself with the mundane task of verifying facts and the veracity of your statements, or just plain carelessness and recklessness? After all, you have represented the Editor’s Guild along with Sardesai to the EC regarding how badly prevalent is Paid Journalism in Indian Press. Why then do you perpetuate the same things (paid-journalism) you complain to EC?
I am going to treat every word and every sentence in your article with utmost care and seriousness to show how far removed your writing is from facts, truth, and objectivity. I shall also provide you references to verify the facts. (మరింత…)
Land of many discontents, united AP rationale squandered అక్టోబర్ 9, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, agitation, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, Articles, BJP, Congress, CPI, CPI-M, Culture, fast, Guntur, Hyderabad, Identity, Kamma, KCR, Mulki, Nizam, politics, Reddy, regionalism, Settler, TDP, Telugu, TRS, Velama, Y S Jagan, YSR.
Tags: Gorkhaland, Greater Rayalaseema, poll alliances, Seema Chishti
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Land of many discontents
Seema Chishti, The Indian Express, Oct 07 2011
Among most English-speaking sections of southern India, when a concept finds itself abbreviated or turned into an acronym, it is considered evidence of its acceptance. To that extent, the usage of “T” for Telangana in newspapers and periodicals there, as opposed to AP for Andhra Pradesh, could signal that “Telangana” is around the corner.
But if you discount the hype, there is a different story unfolding in the region. The absence of real stalwarts in Andhra Pradesh who can lend heft to the debate, and the Congress’s classic act of not knowing which side to weigh in on, after muddling things up very competently two years ago, does not help. A short biography of the idea of Telangana and the “movements” there is in order.
The Telangana movement, as was understood when India was being created out of hundreds of princely states, was of a completely different kind. A deep peasant revolt against the landlords was brewing, headed by the then-united CPI. The Telangana movement, between 1946 and 1951, meant bringing about a virtual “people’s republic” in those parts. Facing brutal attack from local landlords and the Nizam, comrades like P. Sundarayya, Basavapunaiah, B. Narasimha Reddy and a thousand others led a prolonged struggle for establishing “true” freedom, before they withdrew the struggle (for a variety of reasons) and participated in the 1952 elections. The communists, then a force to be reckoned with in AP, secured more than 33 per cent of the votes and were more than a handful for a wary Congress. However, despite a pre-poll alliance that got them more than the Congress, it was the Congress that was called in to form the government. Communist accounts describe how the backbone of the comrades was crushed with a brutal police-led witch-hunt, as the Telangana “movement” wound down. (మరింత…)
AP’s non Congress parties now support Anna Hazare ఆగస్ట్ 26, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhrapreneurship, BJP, Congress, corruption, CPI, CPI-M, Economy, KCR, Polavaram, politics, TDP, Telangana.
Tags: Anna Hazare, corruption, jalayagnam, Lokpal
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T-stir fails to brew with Anna’s entry
24 August 2011, DC, Hyderabad
As Anna Hazare’s mass agitation picks up across the state, including the Telangana region, the separate state demand has been pushed into the background.
Many T-leaders, particularly from the Telugu Desam, are pitching for Hazare and have put the T-issue on the back burner. In fact all Opposition parties — the TD, CPI, CPM, Forward Block, and BJP — have jumped on the Anna bandwagon seeing how it has captured the public mood.
Mr Jogu Ramanna, the rebel TD member, who who has been in the forefront of the T-agitation, is seen these days sporting the newly popular Gandhi topi and participating in dharnas in Adilabad district in support of Anna Hazare. The TD’s T. Devender Goud and the CPI’s Narayana, who sat in dharnas for Telangana, were seen together at an all-party dharna in support of Hazare. (మరింత…)
TPJAC Performs Last Rites Of AP Assembly మార్చి 19, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, BJP, Congress, corruption, CPI, CPI-M, Economy, elections, fast, Identity, KCR, MIM, Mulki, politics, regionalism, TDP, Telangana, TRS.
Tags: Assembly, Kodandram, TJAC, TPJAC
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TPJAC Performs Last Rites Of Assembly
The Telangana Political Joint Action Committee (TPJAC) leaders performed the “last rites of the dead A P State Assembly” on March 17th.
18th Mar, 2011: Telangana Political Joint Action Committee (TPJAC) convener Prof. Kodandaram on Thursday stated that the TPJAC will intensify its agitation for a separate Telangana state and mount pressure on the Centre.
Talking to media persons, Prof. Kodandaram stated that a meeting of the JAC leaders will soon be convened to plot a course of action to further the struggle for a separate state.
The meeting will take into consideration the Centre’s stand that it would take up the Telangana issue only after the completion of the assembly elections in 5 states. (మరింత…)
Seemaandhra intellectuals appeal to their MPs & legislators to support separate Telangana మార్చి 8, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, agitation, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, bandh, BJP, conflict resolution, Congress, CPI, CPI-M, G.O 610, Hyderabad, Identity, JAC, Jai Andhra, livelihoods, Mulki, Parliament, politics, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Settler, Sonia, students, TDP, Telangana, Uttara Andhra.
Tags: capital city, Telugu, Visalandhra
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1.Sri Pothuri Venkateswara Rao, Senior Journalist
2.Dr Tripuraneni Hanuman Chowdary, Chairman, Pragna Bharati and former IT Advisor, Government of Andhra Pradesh
3.Dr. Kakarla Subba Rao, former Director NIMS and a noted radiologist
4.Dr N.Bhaskar Rao, Social Scientist, New Delhi
5.Dr. Katti Padma Rao, Social Activist, Bapatla
Joint Appeal to MPs/ MLAs/ MLCs hailing from Seemandhra
Dear & Respected MP/ MLA/ MLC garu,
Sub: Creation of Telengana state – Obstructions imperiling Seemandhra people in and around Hyderabad.
1. The inclusion of Telangana to create the Andhra Pradesh state in 1956 had been from the beginning against the wishes of a majority of leaders from the region. The over 150 years of separation between the Telangana and the Seema-Andhra areas since 1800 AD has created unbridgeable gulf between social, educational economic mileus and political and cultural consciousnesses of the two regions. Vicissitudes of history have inflicted under-development and backwardness in the Telangana region under the Nizam’s rule.
2. The Seema-Andhra regions under the British rule had made considerable progress towards modernity and overall economic development, particularly in the fields of education, commerce and industry. The British regime had made its cultural impact too. The five and half decades of togetherness between the peoples of Telangana and Seema-Andhra regions in the integrated state had failed to bring equitable development in the different regions of the state and harmonize the relations between the peoples. It is an undeniable fact that the people of Telangana have always been nurturing a feeling that they are being ruled over and are denied self-rule. The separatist sentiment that had its roots in the Telangana region of the erstwhile Hyderabad state have been periodically surfacing ever since the formation of Andhra Pradesh. The sentiment as expressed in the 1969 Separate Telangana agitation was suppressed by strong-arm tactics and by luring some separatist leaders with power. The same had happened in 1972 Separate Andhra agitation too.
3. The separatist agitation in Telangana, largely peaceful till now, has been going on for almost a decade with increasing support from the people. While the 1969 agitation was mainly an urban phenomenon, today it has reached every nook and corner of Telangana and stirred the emotional feelings of the common people. The movement for separate Telngana is irresistible and cannot be simply wished away or suppressed by strong-arm tactics.
4. It is true that there are some apprehensions in the Coastal and Rayalaseema regions but that does not mean they are opposed to the formation of separate Telangana state. The presence of twenty or thirty lakhs of people from Coastal and Rayalaseema distiricts who came to their capital city Hyderabad during the last half a century or so, just as the people from other Telangana districts, should not be a factor in deciding the future of the state. They continue to remain an integral part of the Hyderabad population. Marathis, Kannadigas and even Gujaratis and Pujabis, in large numbers, have been living in the city for decades. Claiming special rights by these or any other group is irrational and unjustified. The apprehensions of these people and the people of the other two regions have to be removed by discussions and by trying to address the genuine grievances. (మరింత…)