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TSPSC Syllabus of Paper VI: Telangana Movement & State Formation సెప్టెంబర్ 1, 2015

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, 29th State, AP Reorganisation Bill, Bhadrachalam, G.O 610, Hyderabad, Identity, JAC, KCR, Kothagudem, Koya, Mulki, Nizam, Polavaram, politics, Settler, Six Point Formula, Sonia, SRC, suicide, TDF, Telangana, Telangana Festivals, TRS, TSPSC, Warangal.
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PAPER-VI – TELANGANA MOVEMENT AND STATE FORMATION

I. The idea of Telangana (1948-1970)

1. Historical Background: Telangana as a distinctive cultural unit in Hyderabad Princely State, its geographical, cultural, socio, political and economic features- People of Telangana- castes, tribes, religion, arts, crafts, languages, dialects, fairs, festivals and important places in Telangana. Administration in Hyderabad Princely State and Administrative Reforms of Salar Jung and Origins of the issue of Mulkis-Non-Mulkis; Employment and Civil Services Rules under Mir Osman Ali Khan, VII Nizam’s Farman of 1919 and Definition of Mulki – Establishment of Nizam’s Subjects League known as the Mulki League 1935 and its Significance; Merger of Hyderabad State into Indian Union in 1948; Employment Policies under Military Rule and Vellodi,1948-52; Violation of Mulki-Rules and Its Implications.

2. Hyderabad State in Independent India– Formation of Popular Ministry under Burgula Ramakrishna Rao and 1952 Mulki-Agitation; Demand for Employment of Local people and City College Incident, Its importance. Justice Jagan Mohan Reddy Committee Report, 1953 – Initial debates and demand for Telangana State-Reasons for the Formation of States Reorganization Commission (SRC) under Fazal Ali in 1953-Main Provisions and Recommendations of SRC-Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s views on SRC and smaller states.

3. Formation of Andhra Pradesh, 1956: Gentlemen’s Agreement – its Provisions and Recommendations; Telangana Regional Committee, Composition, Functions and Performance – Violation of Safeguards, Migration from Coastal Andhra Region and its Consequences; Post-1970 Development Scenario in Telangana- Agriculture, Irrigation, Power, Education, Employment, Medical and Health etc.

4. Violation of Employment and Service Rules: Origins of Telangana Agitation– Protest in Kothagudem and other places, Fast unto Death by Ravindranath; 1969 Agitation for Separate Telangana. Role of Intellectuals, Students, Employees in Jai Telangana Movement.

5. Formation of Telangana Praja Samithi and Course of Movement – the Spread of Telangana Movement- Major Events, Leaders and Personalities- All Party Accord – Go 36 – Suppression of Telangana Movement and its Consequences-The Eight Point and Five-Point Formulas-Implications.

II. Mobilisational phase (1971 -1990)

1. Court Judgements on Mulki Rules- Jai Andhra Movement and its Consequences– Six Point Formula 1973, and its Provisions; Article 371-D, Presidential Order, 1975-Officers (Jayabharat Reddy) Committee Report- G.O. 610 (1985); its Provisions and Violations- Reaction and Representations of Telangana Employees

2. Rise and Spread of Naxalite Movement, causes and consequences– Anti-Landlord Struggles in Jagityala- Siricilla, North Telangana; Rytu-Cooli Sanghams; Alienation of Tribal Lands and Adivasi Resistance- Jal, Jungle, and Zamin.

3. Rise of Regional Parties in 1980’s and Changes in the Political, Socio-Economic and Cultural fabric of Telangana– Notion of Telugu Jathi and suppression of Telangana identity- Expansion of new economy in Hyderabad and other parts of Telangana; Real Estate, Contracts, Finance Companies; Film, Media and Entertainment Industry; Corporate Education and Hospitals etc; Dominant Culture and its implications for Telangana self respect, Dialect, Language and Culture.

4. Liberalization and Privatisation Policies in 1990’s and their consequences – Emergence of regional disparities and imbalances in political power, administration, education, employment- Agrarian crisis and decline of Handicrafts in Telangana and its impact on Telangana Society and economy.

5. Quest for Telangana identity-intellectual discussions and debates– political and ideological efforts – Growth of popular unrest against regional disparities, discrimination and under development of Telangana.

III. Towards Formation of Telangana State (1991-2014)

1. Public awakening and Intellectual reaction against discrimination– formation of Civil society organisation, Articulation of separate Telangana Identity; Initial organisations raised the issues of separate Telangana; Telangana Information Trust – Telangana Aikya Vedika, Bhuvanagiri Sabha – Telangana Jana Sabha, Telangana Maha Sabha – Warangal Decleration – Telangana Vidyarthula Vedika; etc., Efforts of Telangana Congress & BJP in highlighting the issue.

2. Establishment of Telangana Rashtra Samithi in 2001, Political Realignment and Electoral Alliances in 2004 and later Phase of Telangana Movement – TRS in UPA- Girglani Committee- Telangana Employees Joint Action Committee – Pranab Mukherjee Committee- 2009-Elections-AlliancesTelangana in Election Manifestos- The agitation against Hyderabad as Free-zone – and Demand for separate Statehood- Fast-Unto-Death by K.Chandra Shekar Rao-Formation of Political Joint Action Committee (2009)

3. Role of Political Parties-TRS, Congress, B.J.P., Left parties, T.D.P., M.I.M and other political parties such as Telangana Praja Front, Telangana United Front etc., Dalit- Bahujan Sanghams and Grass roots Movement organisations – Other Joint Action Committees and popular protests- Suicides for the cause of Telangana.

4. Cultural Revivalism in Telangana, other symbolic expressions in Telangana Movement– Literary forms- performing arts and other cultural expressions- writers, poets, singers, intellectuals, Artists, Journalists, Students, Employees, Advocates, Doctors, NRIs, women, Civil society groups, organised and unorganised sectors, castes, communities and other social groups in transforming the agitation into a mass movement – Intensification of Movement, Forms of Protest and Major events: Sakala Janula Samme, Non-Cooperation Movement; Million March, etc.,

5. Parliamentary Process; UPA Government’s stand on Telangana– All-Party Meeting- Anthony Committee- Statements on Telangana by Central Home Minister – Sri Krishna Committee Report and its Recommendations, AP Assembly and Parliamentary proceedings on Telangana, Declaration of Telangana State in Parliament, Andhra Pradesh State Reorganization Act, 2014- Elections and victory of Telangana Rashtra Samithi and the first Government of Telangana State.

Source: http://www.tspsc.gov.in/TSPSCSYLLABUS/GroupIServices.pdf

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