Telangana – 29th state announced by UPA & CWC ఆగస్ట్ 4, 2013Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, Hyderabad, Kurnool, regionalism, Telangana.
Tags: 29th state
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Telangana, the 29th State of India announced by UPA and Congress Working Committee
Jagran Josh, 1 August 2013
Congress and the UPA unanimously decided to create a separate Telangana State carving out of Andhra Pradesh on 30 July 2013.
The Congress Working Committee (CWC), the highest decision-making body of Congress Party, on 30 July 2013 decided to recommend to the Central Government to form the 29th State which will comprise of 10 districts. The districts that will be a part of the new State are Hyderabad, Adilabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Mahaboobnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy and Warangal.
Hyderabad, the central point of the Telangana, will be the common capital of the newly proposed State and the other regions, Rayalaseema and Andhra for a period of 10 years. A new capital for Andhra will be identified in Seemandhra region within this period. Telangana State will have a geographical area of 10 of the 23 districts of undivided Andhra Pradesh. Out of 42 Lok Sabha seats and 294 Assembly seats in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana is likely to have 17 Lok Sabha seats and 119 Assembly seats.
About Telangana Region
• The population of Telangana is 35.19 million (2011 Census). It includes seven million population of Hyderabad, which emerged as a major IT hub during the past two decades.
• The region has geographical area of 1.14 lakh sq km.
• The districts which are a part of Telangana region are Hyderabad, Adilabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Mahaboobnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy and Warangal.
• Hyderabad and Warangal are the two largest cities in the Telangana region.
• Warangal city was declared as a World Heritage City by UNESCO in March 2013.
• The two major Rivers Krishna and Godavari flew through the region.
Telangana Movement- A Background
1. The Telangana region was a part of erstwhile Hyderabad State which was merged into Indian Union on 17 September 1948.
2. The Hyderabad State was merged with Andhra State with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act 1956 and so the united Andhra Pradesh state came into being on 1 November 1956.
3. In 1956 Gentlemen’s Agreement was signed by Bezawada Gopal Reddy, CM of Andhra State and Burgula Ramakrishna Rao, CM of Hyderabad State for safeguarding Telangana people.
4. The Telangana agitation began in 1969 as people protested the failure of implementation of Gentlemen’s Agreement and other safeguards.
5. In 1969 Marri Chenna Reddy launched the Telangana Praja Samithi by demanding separate Telangana State.
6. The separate State movement came in to limelight again when a new political party Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) was formed by K Chandra Shekhar Rao on 27 April 2001.
7. The UPA Government on 9 December 2009 took the decision of formation of Telangana State, in the backdrop of indefinite fast by TRS leader K Chandrashekhar Rao.
8. This decision had ignited street protests in the non-Telangana regions and opposition from Ministers, MLAs and leaders from within the party that forced the Central Government and the Congress leadership to put the issue on hold.
9. The Centre held rounds of meetings with all the parties from the State and set up a Commission under the chairmanship of former Supreme Court Judge Justice Srikrishna. (మరింత…)
Tags: 1956, backwardness of Rayalaseema, Bhuman, Byreddy Rajasekhar Reddy, capital city, Chandrababu Naidu, Coastal Andhra, Dilip Kumar, factionists, Kadapa, padayatra, Ramana Reddy, RJAC, September, TJAC
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Seema leaders seek new state
August 27, 2012 Deccan Chronicle, Hyderabad
Leaders from Rayalaseema on Sunday demanded a separate state in the event of a Telangana state being formed stating that they could not remain with Coastal Andhra. In a meeting held in a private function hall in Khairatabad, organised by former TD legislator Byreddy Rajasekhar Reddy, the leaders decided to form a Rayalaseema Joint Action Committee on the lines of the TJAC for Telangana. It was also decided to form JACs for all professional sections of the society to fight against injustice to the region as well as for separate statehood.
Mr Byreddy Rajasekhar Reddy announced that he would undertake a 40-day padayatra covering all the villages in the four districts of Rayalaseema soon. He also demanded TD chief N. Chandrababu Naidu mention the backwardness of the Rayalaseema region in the proposed letter on the Telangana statehood issue in the first week of September. (మరింత…)
Samaikyandhra or Telangana as India’s 29th State: K Naresh Kumar ఫిబ్రవరి 13, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhra, BJP, elections, fast, Hyderabad, Identity, JAC, KCR, Kurnool, MRPS, Mulki, Muslim, Osmania, Polavaram, politics, PRP, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Settler, TRS, Uttara Andhra, YSR.
Tags: Srikrishna, TUC
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Power Politics, February 2011
United Andhra Pradesh Or Telangana As India’s 29th State?
From the first wave of intense political agitations of 1969-71, when the Telangana Praja Samithi unleashed the ‘Jai Telangana’ movement, the fight for carving out a separate state has never been so intense as in the last 15 months. Unlike the abject political compromise of the strugglers over four decades ago, this time around, the battle is still being fought on various platforms. The support base is strong, seemingly unyielding and the polarization between the pro and anti groups clearly unbridgeable. Importantly, once again it is the Congress party at the Centre and the state level which is facing a challenging, insurmountable situation, argues K Naresh Kumar, from Hyderabad. New Delhi, however, has some answers to the complex situation.
“Not all States need to be bifurcated or trifurcated, but if there is a demand based on size, population and geographical characteristics, it seems that division would be a wise solution. The jury is still out on Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttaranchal, but the early indications are that development will get a boost in these new States unless, of course, misgovernance takes over. In my view, there is a strong case for the creation of Vidarbha (out of Maharashtra, population 9.67 crore) and Telangana (out of Andhra Pradesh, population 7.57 crore). Uttar Pradesh and Bihar should also be further divided.”
-Excerpt from an article Wake up to the state of States by P. Chidambaram, Indian Express, May 18, 2003.
Prophetic words, these? Over seven years ago, P Chidambaram (PC) spoke convincingly about creating the state of Telangana as he felt it had a ‘strong case’ in its favour.
Of course, his party was not in power then and thus he had no political power to bring about neither the desired change, nor the accountability to face its political implications. But miracles happen in Indian politics as it did just a year later.
Cut to 2004 when the Congress led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) stormed to power on the ‘aam aadmi’ poll plank replacing the National Democratic Alliance (NDA). It also toppled the CEO Chief Minister, Chandrababu Naidu of Telugu Desam Party (TDP) in Andhra Pradesh. It attained the top slot by capitalizing on the goodwill generated by the then Congress bigwig Y S Rajasekhara Reddy with his pro-poor agenda and importantly, promising to create Telangana if elected to power. (మరింత…)
Srikrishna Committee is Old Wine in New Bottle, from Chenna Reddy to KCR- Prof K Nageshwar జనవరి 9, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhra, Congress, CPI-M, Economy, elections, G.O 610, Hyderabad, Identity, KCR, Kurnool, Mulki, Osmania, politics, regionalism, Settler, Sonia, Telangana, Y S Jagan.
Tags: Chenna Reddy, Srikrishna
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Can Srikrishna Committee Verdict Answer Telangana Demand
– Prof. K. Nageshwar
The demand for a separate state of Telangana is unlike the statehood demand in many other parts of the country. It is a sub-regional aspiration that encompasses several tangibles and intangibles.
You have to bear in mind that there was a state in existence prior to the formation of present-day Andhra Pradesh on November 1, 1956. Just like there was a separate Andhra state with its capital in Kurnool. So the feeling that the people of Telangana lost their home, their land in the merger to form Andhra Pradesh is very strong.
There is a perceived educational deprivation and this perception is crucial to understand the psyche of the people of Telangana today. Inequalities elsewhere cannot be seen the same way here. Whether it is in terms of jobs, irrigation, political power, culture and so on and so forth.
Political assurances and Constitutional safeguards were promised in 1956 and many a time thereafter to keep the state together. History is witness that many of these promises were neglected. The Gentlemen Agreement that promised safeguards for Telangana, the Presidential Order that replaced Mulki Rules, the 610 GO issued to protect local rights, the recommendations of the Girglani Committee that looked into violations of GO 610, etc., were all consigned to libraries for historians to refer.
Meanwhile, the farcical theory of Hyderabad as a Free Zone mocked at people of Telangana. This theory has further infuriated those who are demanding separate state. In fact the inept handling of this issue by the state government gave a fresh lease of life to KCR who was then drubbed by series of desertions and defeats. Unfortunately the protagonists of United Andhra Pradesh never expressed serious concern over these violations that provided fertile ground for politics of separate state for Telangana. Scores of leaders from M.Chenna Reddy to K.Chandrasekhar Rao ploughed on this fertile land to reap rich political harvest. Even today ruling and opposition parties, leaders of major political parties are making a hectic bid to do the same. But unfortunately even many of today’s self proclaimed leaders of Telangana cause made little or no effort to implement the political promises and constitutional safeguards promised for Telangana. (మరింత…)
ఒక్క సారి భగ్గుమన్న ప్రత్యేక ర్రాష్ట్ర నినాదాలేమిటి? డిసెంబర్ 22, 2009Posted by Telangana Utsav in 1969, agitation, Andhra, Congress, Culture, GHMC, Hyderabad, Identity, KCR, Kurnool, Mulki, politics, Rayalaseema, Settler, Sonia, TDP, Telugu, Telugu (తెలుగు), TRS, Uttara Andhra.
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ఒక్క సారి భగ్గుమన్న ప్రత్యేక ర్రాష్ట్ర నినాదాలేమిటి?
ప్రత్యేక తెలంగాణా ఉద్యమం ప్రారంభం కాగానే, ప్రత్యేక ఉత్తరాంధ్ర ఉద్యమం, ప్రత్యేక రాయలసీమ ఉద్యమం మళ్ళా ఒకసారి తెరపైకి వచ్చినాయి. ఏ కారణాల వల్లనైతేనేమి మొదటిసారి ప్రత్యేక తెలంగాణాకు అనుకూలమైన నిర్ణయాన్ని కేంద్ర ప్రభుత్వం ముందుకు తీసుకువచ్చింది. దీంతో రాష్ట్రప్రభుత్వం ముందున్న రెండు జటిల సమస్యలు పరిష్కారమైనాయి. ఒకటి కే సీ ఆర్ దీక్ష విరమించడం, రెండు తెలంగాణా ఉద్యమంలోకి ప్రవేశించిన రోశయ్య గారు చెప్పిన అసాంఘిక శక్తుల ఆట కట్టించడం. అయితే ప్రతిసారీ ఎలక్షన్స్ లో చక్కగా ఉపయోగపడే బంగారు గుడ్డు పెట్టే బాతులాంటి తెలంగాణా సమస్యను పరిష్కరించాల్సిన అవసరమొచ్చింది. అంతే, అన్ని పార్టీల నేతలూ ఒక్కసారి ఉకిక్కి పడ్డారు.
2004 నుంచీ దాదాపుగా అన్ని రాజకీయ పార్టీలూ తెలంగాణా ప్రత్యేక రాష్ట్ర విషయాన్ని ప్రస్తావించినవే. ముఖ్యంగా ప్రధాన పార్టీలైన కాంగ్రెస్ 2004లొ, మరి 2009లో టిడిపి, పీఆర్పీలూ ప్రత్యేక తెలంగాణా వాదంతో ప్రజల ముందుకు వెళ్ళినవే. ఆ నినాదంతో ఓట్లు వేయించుకున్నవాళ్ళే. అంతేకాదు మొన్నటికి మొన్న అఖిలపక్ష సమావేశంలో అన్ని పార్టీలు తెలంగాణా తీర్మానం పెడితే మేము మద్దతిస్తాము అని చిలుక పలుకులు పలికినవారే. ఇవన్నీ మరిచిపోయి కొన్ని గంటల్లోనే, కేంద్రప్రభుత్వం నిర్ణయం చిదంబరం నోట వినంగానే, అదేదో ఇప్పుడే అకస్మాత్తుగా, ఏదో ఊహించనిదీ, జరగకూడనిది జరిగినట్టుగా వింతగా అన్ని పార్టీల నేతలూ ప్రవర్తించడం మొదలయ్యింది. ఆంధ్ర, రాయలసీమ నేతల రాజీనామా పర్వాలు మొదలైనాయి. అలాగే సమైక్యాంధ్రా వాదమూ పైకి లేచింది. ఈ సమైకాంధ్రా వాదము కేవలం ప్రత్యేక తెలంగాణా రాష్ట్ర ఏర్పాటును అడ్డుకోవడం కోసమా? లేక ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతం వారందరూ సమైక్యాంధ్రగా ఏర్పడడం కోసమా? అందుకోసమే అయితే దానితో తెలంగాణా వారికెలాంటి అభ్యంతరమూ లేదు.
మిన్ను విరిగి మీద పడ్డట్టూగా ఒక్కసారి అందరు అన్యాయం అన్యాయమంటూ అరుపులూ మొదలుపెట్టారు. అంతవరకు బాగానే ఉంది. సమైక్యాంధ్ర అంటూ పెనుకేకలూ ఉద్యమాలూ మొదలైనాయి. ఆంధ్రా వాళ్ళని కలిసుండొద్దని ఏ తెలంగాణ వారు అడ్డుకున్నట్టూ? తెలంగాణ ప్రత్యేక రాష్ట్రమైతే ఇతరులను విడిపొమ్మని ఎవరు అనలేదు కదా? తెలంగాణ విడిపోతే కోస్తా వారితో కలిసి ఉండడము మావల్ల కాదనీ వాళ్ళతో కలిసి ఉండడము కల్ల అంటూ రోడ్డుపైకెక్కారు. అంతవరకూ సరే. కోస్తా ఆంధ్రవారు అంటరానివాళ్ళన్నట్టు వాళ్ళతో కలిసుండాలంటే తెలంగాణ విడిపోడానికి వీల్లేదనీ కొత్త పాటపాడటమే ప్రస్తుత రాజకీయాల్లోని విడ్డూరము! తమకు నచ్చింది తాము చేసుకోవడమే కాదు ఇతర్లు ఏమి చేయాలో కూడా శాసించొచ్చు అనే విపరీతబుద్దే మరోమారు కొత్త రీతిలో ప్రత్యక్షమవడము దీని సారాంశం. ఈ దృష్టికోణాన్ని కొంత పరిశీలించాలి. (మరింత…)
Hyderabad is the soul of Telangana : Harish Rao డిసెంబర్ 17, 2009Posted by Telangana Utsav in agitation, Andhra, Congress, Culture, Economy, G.O 610, GHMC, Harish, Hyderabad, Identity, Karimnagar, Kurnool, livelihoods, MIM, Mulki, politics, Rayalaseema, Sonia, Telangana, TRS, YSR.
Divided over bifurcation/ Deccan Chronicle December 17th, 2009
Selfish motives are seeking the divide
T. Harish Rao
Hyderabad is the soul of the Telangana region. If someone raises the bogey of Union Territory status for Hyderabad, he is either ignorant or trying to put an obstacle to the smooth bifurcation of Telangana state from Andhra Pradesh. It is like saying Jammu and Kashmir should be independent of India.
It is our avowed stand not to discriminate against people from other regions living in Hyderabad and other parts of Telangana. People of every religion, race and region have always lived in peace in Hyderabad. We have people from Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, West Bengal, Punjab and other states. Vested interests are trying to sow the seeds of hatred and create a fear psychosis among the people of Andhra and Rayalaseema who have settled here. We have no ill will towards these peace-loving people.
Our grouse has been against the looters and exploiters. We have said openly that we will not tolerate those trying to suppress the people of the Telangana region. We have suffered a lot in every aspect, whether we speak of water, education, resource distribution, employment, or political power. Regarding the argument that people of Andhra and Rayalaseema have invested in and around Hyderabad city and developed it, I am sorry to say this exhibits the narrow, selfish outlook of the anti-Telangana people. People from other regions and states have also settled in Hyderabad. In fact, Hyderabad was developed during Nizam’s rule. We had an airport, railway network and other infrastructure, and also hospitals and educational institutions. (మరింత…)
State of the Nation – India & states డిసెంబర్ 12, 2009Posted by Telangana Utsav in 1969, agitation, Andhra, compromise, Congress, Culture, Economy, Fazal Ali Commission, Hyderabad, Identity, Kurnool, Mulki, politics, Sonia, Telangana.
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State(s) of the nation
Ronojoy Sen, TOI Crest 12 December 2009, 11:45am IST
If Vallabhbhai Patel was largely responsible for the present boundaries of India by his masterful integration of the 500-odd princely states into the newly independent nation, it was a former railway employee and Gandhian from Madras who was the catalyst for a redrawing of the country’s map. On October 19, 1952, Potti Sriramulu began a fast in the heart of Madras city demanding that a separate state be carved out of Madras province for Telugu-speaking people. In a repeat of history, Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS) leader K Chandrasekhara Rao’s 11-day fast has forced the Centre to announce a separate Telangana state consisting mainly of what was earlier the Hyderabad state.
Much before Independence, the Congress had understood that the British administrative units would not be practical in free India. Many provincial Congress committees were based on linguistic zones and not the administrative divisions of British India. Shortly after Independence, Mahatma Gandhi himself wrote that the government “should hurry up with the re-organisation of linguistic provinces”.
Jawaharlal Nehru was, however, not convinced. In the aftermath of Partition, he felt that any further division of India could undermine the stability of the country. In this Patel supported him. But the Congress’s position could not prevent the movements for linguistic autonomy from gathering momentum. Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam and Gujarati speakers were all demanding separate states. The Vishala Andhra movement by Telugu speakers was by far the most vigorous.
Nehru, who had felt the ire of Telugu protesters during the election campaign for the 1952 elections, told Parliament on May 22: “Even though the formation of linguistic provinces may be desirable in some cases, this would obviously be the wrong time.” It was in this backdrop that Sriramulu began his fast. When Nehru heard of Sriramulu’s fast, he decided to ignore it. After keeping off food for 56 days, Sriramulu died. (మరింత…)
Hyderabad will be capital of Telangana: TRS chief డిసెంబర్ 12, 2009Posted by Telangana Utsav in agitation, Andhra, compromise, Congress, Culture, Deccan, Economy, elections, GHMC, Hyderabad, Identity, Kurnool, Mulki, politics, Rayalaseema, Sonia, Telangana, TRS.
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Hyderabad will be capital of Telangana state: TRS chief
IANS 12 December 2009, 05:35pm IST
HYDERABAD: Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS) chief K. Chandrasekhara Rao Saturday asserted that Hyderabad would be the capital of the proposed Telangana state, and rejected suggestions of making it a shared capital with Andhra Pradesh.
Rao, whose 11-day hunger strike forced the central government to agree to the demand for a Telangana state, told TV news channel that Hyderabad cannot be made a joint capital on the lines of Chandigarh.
KCR, as Rao is popularly known, said: “Hyderabad can’t be compared with Chandigarh. It is not a new bifurcation. Telangana state existed earlier with Hyderabad as capital while Andhra state had Kurnool as its capital.”
KCR also pointed out that Hyderabad is geographically located in Telangana. “How can they (Andhra) claim Hyderabad. Does it make any sense?” he asked.
The TRS chief also assured people of other regions of Andhra Pradesh settled in Hyderabad that they could continue to live here in peace after the formation of the new state.
He also said there was no question of going back on a separate Telangana state, and added that the protests in other regions against it were stage managed and sponsored by vested interests who had invested money and acquired lands illegally in Hyderabad.
KCR said passing a resolution in the state assembly was not necessary to carve out Telangana. He said he had full faith in United Progressive Alliance chairperson Sonia Gandhi and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh that they would take the necessary measures for formation of the state. (మరింత…)