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From its inception to the struggle for Telangana: History of Osmania University as it turns 100 ఏప్రిల్ 26, 2017

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, agitation, Culture, heritage, Hyderabad, Identity, Mulki, Osmania, regionalism, struggle, students, suicide, Telangana, universities.
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The University was first set up in 1917, under the rule of Nizam Osman Ali Khan.

Nitin B., The NEWS Minute, April 25, 2017

The year was 1917, and Sir Akbar Hydari, who was then the Home Secretary to the Hyderabad State Government under Nizam Osman Ali Khan, submitted a memorandum to the then Education Minister of the state.

The memorandum emphasised the need to establish a University in Hyderabad, with ‘Urdu’ as the medium of instruction “as it is the language of the widest currency in India, official language of the State, and it is a language which is understood by a vast majority of the population of the State.”

Osmania University (Wikipedia Commons CC-SA N Subbaiah) a

The memorandum had come at a time when several people, especially intellectuals, were thinking about ways to cater to the interest for higher education, which had grown in the state.

Taking the memorandum into consideration, the Nizam issued a ‘firman’, or order, on April 26, 1917, to establish a university in Hyderabad.

A 100 years later, the Osmania University in Hyderabad is all set to host its centenary celebrations. (మరింత…)

ప్రకటనలు

Mallanna Sagar protest turns bloody జూలై 31, 2016

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in corruption, ecology, Economy, Harish, KCR, Medak, submergence, suicide, violence.
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Police cane villagers, lob tear gas shells as Mallanna Sagar protest turns bloody

Express News Service, 25 July 2016

SANGAREDDY: The Mallanna Sagar project oustees agitation took a ‘bloody’ turn on Sunday with police caning the villagers, resulting in injuries to dozens of people. Police opened fire in the air and lobbed tear gas shells to bring the situation under control.

All Opposition parties called for Medak district bandh on Monday protesting against the police action against the villagers. It is alleged that the police caned the villagers, including women and children indiscriminately, and even dragged people out of their houses and beat them up.

lathicharge against mallanna sagar oustees

Women fell unconscious after being lathicharged during a protest | Express photo

Two of the submergence villages, Erravelli and Vemulaghat, resembled war zone with the locals fighting a pitched battle with police throughout most part of the day. Trouble began when some villagers of Vemulaghat, who were on a 50-day relay hunger strike against the Mallanna Sagar project, tried to lay siege to national highway protesting the government’s attitude in going ahead with the project inspite of objection from locals.

The villagers were stopped near Pallepahad crossroads. Police stopped them from marching ahead citing imposition of prohibitory orders in the villages. The villagers entered into a heated argument with police and a scuffle ensued between the two sides. Police caned the villagers and in the lathicharge, eight villagers including women were injured. Two women fell unconscious. At the same time, the villagers of Erravelli were holding a grama sabha in their village. As they got the news of police action on Vemulaghat villagers, the Erravelli villagers too decided to lay seige on the national highway and marched towards the main road. (మరింత…)

Congress supports Mallanna Sagar oustees struggle జూలై 31, 2016

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, displacement, ecology, Economy, Harish, KCR, Medak, suicide, Telangana.
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Rahul to visit Mallanna Sagar villages?

Express News Service, 30 July 2016

Hyderabad: Will AICC vice president Rahul Gandhi make a surprise visit to Telangana and join the party’s fight in support of Mallanna Sagar project oustees demand of compensation as per Land Acquisition Act 2013?

Yes, say highly placed sources in the Congress party. Like in the University of Hyderabad  protests during the suicide of Dalit scholar Rohith Vemula, Rahul Gandhi is likely to make a surprise visit to the state and the proposed submergence villages under Mallanna Sagar project.

The state government’s crackdown on those supporting the Mallanna Sagar oustees gave the Congress the much needed ammunition to launch an agitation and it wants to take full advantage of the situation by bringing Rahul Gandhi to the state and join the agitation. Sources said senior Congress leaders received a communication from the party high command of Rahul Gandhi’s likely visit to Mallanna Sagar villages in the next couple of days.  (మరింత…)

Farmers suicides are caused by lavish expenditure on weddings, education & loans for borewells, etc- says Telangana govt నవంబర్ 29, 2015

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in biodiversity, Economy, livelihoods, suicide, Telangana, TRS.
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What drives farmers to suicide? Telangana govt says lavish weddings, expensive education

ABP Live, Our special correspondents and agencies, Sunday, 29 November 2015

Hyderabad: Telangana has told Hyderabad High Court that expenses farmers run up to hold lavish weddings for their daughters and educate their children in expensive private schools were among the many reasons that drove them to suicide.

The state’s claim, which has triggered outrage among activists, came in an affidavit filed in response to petitions by farmers’ groups seeking a direction to the state to take steps to end such suicides.

The activists have termed the government response “fictional” and “irresponsible”. They claimed that attributing such reasons for the deaths of financially distressed farmers “belittled the contribution and sacrifices” of the farming community in general.

They said such a response was “ridiculous” and “misleading” given that over 231 of 443 rural mandals in Telangana had been declared drought-hit and the state had itself sought immediate aid of Rs 1,000 crore from the Centre. Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nizamabad and Rangareddy are among the worst affected districts. (మరింత…)

TSPSC Syllabus of Paper VI: Telangana Movement & State Formation సెప్టెంబర్ 1, 2015

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, 29th State, AP Reorganisation Bill, Bhadrachalam, G.O 610, Hyderabad, Identity, JAC, KCR, Kothagudem, Koya, Mulki, Nizam, Polavaram, politics, Settler, Six Point Formula, Sonia, SRC, suicide, TDF, Telangana, Telangana Festivals, TRS, TSPSC, Warangal.
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PAPER-VI – TELANGANA MOVEMENT AND STATE FORMATION

I. The idea of Telangana (1948-1970)

1. Historical Background: Telangana as a distinctive cultural unit in Hyderabad Princely State, its geographical, cultural, socio, political and economic features- People of Telangana- castes, tribes, religion, arts, crafts, languages, dialects, fairs, festivals and important places in Telangana. Administration in Hyderabad Princely State and Administrative Reforms of Salar Jung and Origins of the issue of Mulkis-Non-Mulkis; Employment and Civil Services Rules under Mir Osman Ali Khan, VII Nizam’s Farman of 1919 and Definition of Mulki – Establishment of Nizam’s Subjects League known as the Mulki League 1935 and its Significance; Merger of Hyderabad State into Indian Union in 1948; Employment Policies under Military Rule and Vellodi,1948-52; Violation of Mulki-Rules and Its Implications.

2. Hyderabad State in Independent India– Formation of Popular Ministry under Burgula Ramakrishna Rao and 1952 Mulki-Agitation; Demand for Employment of Local people and City College Incident, Its importance. Justice Jagan Mohan Reddy Committee Report, 1953 – Initial debates and demand for Telangana State-Reasons for the Formation of States Reorganization Commission (SRC) under Fazal Ali in 1953-Main Provisions and Recommendations of SRC-Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s views on SRC and smaller states.

3. Formation of Andhra Pradesh, 1956: Gentlemen’s Agreement – its Provisions and Recommendations; Telangana Regional Committee, Composition, Functions and Performance – Violation of Safeguards, Migration from Coastal Andhra Region and its Consequences; Post-1970 Development Scenario in Telangana- Agriculture, Irrigation, Power, Education, Employment, Medical and Health etc.

4. Violation of Employment and Service Rules: Origins of Telangana Agitation– Protest in Kothagudem and other places, Fast unto Death by Ravindranath; 1969 Agitation for Separate Telangana. Role of Intellectuals, Students, Employees in Jai Telangana Movement.

5. Formation of Telangana Praja Samithi and Course of Movement – the Spread of Telangana Movement- Major Events, Leaders and Personalities- All Party Accord – Go 36 – Suppression of Telangana Movement and its Consequences-The Eight Point and Five-Point Formulas-Implications.

II. Mobilisational phase (1971 -1990)

1. Court Judgements on Mulki Rules- Jai Andhra Movement and its Consequences– Six Point Formula 1973, and its Provisions; Article 371-D, Presidential Order, 1975-Officers (Jayabharat Reddy) Committee Report- G.O. 610 (1985); its Provisions and Violations- Reaction and Representations of Telangana Employees (మరింత…)

207 farmers’ suicides in 4 months in Telangana అక్టోబర్ 8, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in ecology, Economy, Identity, Karimnagar, livelihoods, Mahabubnagar, Medak, Nizamabad, suicide, Telangana.
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207 farmers allegedly committed suicide in Telangana in 4 months
Sreenivas Janyala, October 8, 2014 Indian Express

At least 207 farmers have committed suicide in Telangana in the last four months, according to Rythu Swarajya Vedika, an umbrella group of voluntary organisations working on farmers’ issues. The situation is grim in Warangal where 52 farmers allegedly committed suicide, followed by 35 in Medak, 31 in Adilabad, 28 in Nalgonda, 27 in Karimnagar and 18 in Mahbubnagar.

Inadequate rainfall, dry bore wells, depletion of ground water and scarce irrigation facilities leading to general crop failure have been cited as the reasons that forced these farmers to end their lives.

“A majority of the victims are tenant farmers who pay very high rates to take land on lease, often paying up to Rs 10,000 per acre per season. When their crops fail, they are left in debt. With private financiers hounding them, they take their own lives,’’ said RTI activist B Kondala Reddy who is associated with Rythu Swarajya Vedika, and Caring Citizens Collective, an NGO. The Agriculture Department officials said cotton and chilli farmers have been hit hard, because of unseasonal showers and lack of sufficient rainfall. (మరింత…)

Caste politics in Telangana, the 29th state మార్చి 17, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in BCs, Congress, Culture, Hyderabad, Identity, Kamma, Mulki, Reddy, SC, Settler, ST, suicide, TDP, Telangana, TRS, Velama.
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Social re-engineering blues haunt Telangana!
Syed Amin Jafri, Times of India, 17 March 2014

Soon after delivering Telangana state, the Congress high command has taken up ‘social re-engineering’ in the ensuing Lok Sabha and Assembly elections in the newly-formed state. A similar experiment is on cards in the residuary state of Andhra Pradesh. Though Telangana will come into being formally on June 2, the Congress has completed the formality of bifurcating the Pradesh Congress Committee by naming PCC presidents for Telangana and residuary AP. Both the appointees, who are former ministers with long legislative careers, hail from the backward classes. If Sonia Gandhi was the moving spirit behind the formation of Telangana state, the architect of social re-engineering experiment in the PCCs is Rahul Gandhi. (మరింత…)

Telangana- politics of poetry జూలై 8, 2013

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, agitation, Culture, Identity, politics, suicide, Telangana, Telugu (తెలుగు).
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The politics of poetry
K. Damodar Rao, The Hindu, July 6, 2013

The author explores Telangana poetry, whose origin and goal is revolution.

The Telangana movement offers a classic example of the oppressor-oppressed equation in that a coloniser need not be a foreign ruler. In the post-independence situation, he could be a neighbour with power and voice. Telangana’s intellectuals, writers, activists, poet-performers, employees and students are actively engaged in this process of decolonisation. These are the ‘Frontline Formations,’ providing strength and substance to a people’s movement.

In the 1969 Telangana agitation, and again since the year 2000, hundreds of people, especially the youth, lost their lives. . A poet captures the agony of a mother who has lost her son: From shrunken breasts/I offered life-source./Will you go like that without a bother for me?(‘Dear Children!’ by Narayana Swamy)

The merger of the region into the state of Andhra Pradesh in 1956 was a source of trouble from the beginning. Vajjala Shivakumar portrays what this meant for the people here: All mergers are not unions/For the meeting point of two opposite poles/there is no fusion-measure./In the irreconcilable juxtaposition/word will not have value,/greetings will not last long. (మరింత…)

లెక్కలు తేల్చాలి, అపోహలు పోవాలి – చలసాని శ్రీనివాస్ డిసెంబర్ 22, 2012

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhra, Congress, Hyderabad, Polavaram, Rayalaseema, regionalism, suicide, Telangana, Telugu (తెలుగు), YSR.
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లెక్కలు తేల్చాలి, అపోహలు పోవాలి

చలసాని శ్రీనివాస్

1972లో ఆంధ్ర ఉద్యమాన్ని అణిచివేస్తూ డిసెంబరు 21న ప్రధాని ఇందిర అధికారికంగా రాష్ట్రాన్ని విడగొట్టేది లేదని ఆంధ్రులు శాశ్వతమని నమ్మారు. అదే రోజు విడిపోయి వుంటే తీర సీమాంధ్రలు దేశంలోనే నెంబర్ 1గా ఉండేవి. పోయి మీ ప్రాంతాలలో స్వాభిమానంతో పాటు బతకండని, తెలంగాణ వస్తే లక్షల మంది ఉద్యోగాలు లాక్కుని తీరుతామని బెదిరిస్తుంటే అక్కడ స్థిరపడ్డ మిగతా ప్రాంతవాసులు ఎక్కడికి పోవాలి.. చావాలా అంటూ ఆవేదన చెందే వారి ఇబ్బందులను పట్టించుకోవాలి కదా?

ఆంధ్రులూ ఆలోచించాలని లవణం, రమణ, రాంప్రసాద్‌లు రాసిన వ్యాసాల తీరు వేరుగా ఉన్నా మూడూ ఆంధ్రుల ఆవేదనను వెలిబుచ్చాయి. తీర సీమాంధ్రులు అన్ని విధాలుగా త్యాగంచేసినా ఎంతకాలమీ గొడవని విసుగు చెందే లవణం గారు ప్రత్యేక రాష్ట్రం కోరి ఉండవచ్చు. కోస్తా అభివృద్ధిని అడగక ఫక్తు రాజకీయ స్వార్థం కోసం జై ఆంధ్ర వాదులని విమర్శించే కొందరు సమైక్య వాదులు ఉన్నారు. అదే విధంగా కొద్దిమంది రియల్ ఎస్టేట్ బ్రోకర్లో లేదా కొందరు ప్రత్యేక తెలంగాణ నాయకుల కాల్మొక్కి వారి దయతోనో నీళ్ళెవడికీ అక్కర్లేదంటూ హైదరాబాద్ కె సిఆర్ గారి సొత్తనే జై ఆంధ్రవాదులూ ఉన్నారు.

వాస్తవానికి నీటి పారుదల, హైదరాబాద్‌లో స్థ్థిరపడ్డ వారి భవిష్యత్తు, తీర సీమాం ధ్ర యువత ఉపాధి-ఉద్యోగాల సమస్యలని విభజనకు ‘ముందే’ పరిష్కరించకుండా విభజనకి ఎవరు అంగీకరించినా అది కోస్తా , రాయలసీమ ప్రాంతాల వాసులకు ఖచ్చితంగా ఆత్మహత్యా సదృశమే అవుతుంది. నిజంగానే అలా హక్కులని తాకట్టు పెడితే ఇప్పుడు పెరిగిన రేట్లు నీటిపై రాసిన మాటలై గాలి బుడగలై నీరు, నిధులు, ఉద్యోగాలు ఏమీ దక్కవు; ఆ తరువాత కోస్తా, సీమ ప్రజలు బోరున విలపించినా లాభం ఉండదు. మోసపోవడం ఆంధ్రులకి కొత్త కాదు. (మరింత…)

Telangana State only after 2014 elections, says KCR నవంబర్ 12, 2012

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Congress, elections, KCR, Polavaram, regionalism, suicide, TRS, Y S Jagan.
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Telangana State only after 2014 elections, says KCR
Staff Reporter, The Hindu, Karimnagar, November 9, 2012

TRS chief asserts that party will not have any truck with Congress in future

The two-day brainstorming session of the Telangana Rashtra Samiti ended here on Thursday with its president K. Chandrasekhar Rao making two politically loaded statements of Telangana being a reality only after 2014 general elections and asserting that his party will not have any truck with the Congress in future.

TRS president K. Chandrasekhar Rao speaking to newsmen after the two-day brainstorming session in Karimnagar on Thursday. Photo: T Ajaypal Singh

Indicating that he was unsure of formation of separate State in the near future Mr. Rao said: “Now, the situation is ripe for TRS to emerge as a strong force in Telangana region by winning at least 100 Assembly seats and 15 Lok Sabha seats. No force can stop the formation of Telangana state after the coming general elections. It is not KCR, but the people of Telangana who will dictate terms to the Centre then, as we already have the support of 32 political parties.”

Conceding that the Congress has yet again betrayed on the separate State issue, Mr. Rao thundered: “There will be no more deadlines, only death-line for the Congress.” Briefing media persons over the deliberations, he took pains to explain in detail how the party was first engaged in consultations by the Congress leadership in Delhi and then deceived. After the general strike, when he met Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Delhi, he was asked to remain patient as a solution would be found soon. Then he met senior Congress leaders who came up with a list of conditions that included merger of his party with Congress. (మరింత…)