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India’s Newest State Telangana Is Bosnia Redux
Kranti Rai, The Daily Beast, 03.22.14
By acquiescing to the formation of a new state, Telangana, India is setting a dangerous precedent of ethnic division.
By acquiescing in the formation of a new state called Telangana, India has succumbed to the greatest political fraud in its modern history. Andhra Pradesh, stretching from central to peninsular India, is larger than New Zealand. The Telugu-speaking Indians who predominate the state, numbering roughly 80 million, are more numerous than the French or the British. (Satya Nadella, the new CEO of Microsoft, is a Telugu, as is Nina Davuluri, the reigning Miss USA.) The Telugus’ contribution to recent Indian history has been both constructive and corrosive. If the flag of independent India was the product of a Telugu patriot’s inclusive imagination, the map of contemporary India is the consequence of the Telugus’ insularity. It was the Telugus’ agitation in the 1950s for cultural and linguistic homogeneity that prompted the restructuring of Indian territory into linguistic states. Andhra Pradesh was born on November 1, 1956, as free India’s first state.
To its proponents Andhra was the meridian, after 600 years of division and dispersal, of Telugu civilization. It was the largest state in peninsular India, returned the second-largest contingent of MPs to the Indian parliament, housed the third-largest linguistic bloc in the country, and was the geographic intersection that bridged north and south. But the moment could not be sustained. Less than 60 years after its historic creation, Andhra is poised to be partitioned once again. The irony is that the Telugus, having precipitated the reorganization of India by invoking language as a legitimate instrument of political mobilization, will now become the only major linguistic minority within India to be divided by boundaries. (మరింత…)
పంపకాల్లో న్యాయం: ఒక తలకిందుల ప్రశ్న – కె.శ్రీనివాస్ ఆగస్ట్ 10, 2013Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhra, Economy, Fazal Ali Commission, Hyderabad, Telangana, Telugu (తెలుగు).
Tags: Gentlemen's Agreement, resources
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పంపకాల్లో న్యాయం: ఒక తలకిందుల ప్రశ్న (సంధర్భం) – కె.శ్రీనివాస్
దేశంలో జరిగిన ఏ రాష్ట్రవిభజనను చూసినా, రాష్ట్రాల మధ్య పంపకాల గురించిన ఆందోళనలు అనవసరమని, ముందే ఏర్పడిన, సంప్రదాయాలు, విధివిధానాలున్నాయని, ప్రజలు అప్రమత్తంగా ఉంటే ఎవరికీ అన్యాయం జరగదనీ అర్థమవుతుంది. పంపకాల్లో న్యాయం జరుగుతుందా అన్న ప్రశ్నపై ఇప్పుడు చర్చ జరుగుతోంది కానీ, ఇంతకాలం పంచుకోవడం న్యాయంగా జరిగి ఉంటే ఈ పరిస్థితి వచ్చేది కాదన్న అవగాహన లోపిస్తోంది. పెద్దమనుషుల ఒప్పందమే అమలుజరిగి ఉంటే, నేటి పెద్ద సంక్షోభం వచ్చేది కాదు కదా?
“విశాలాంధ్రలో విలీనానికి సంబంధించి అనుకూల ప్రతికూల అంశాలను నేనిక్కడ రేఖామాత్రంగా సూచించాను. నా సొంత అభిప్రాయమంటూ ఒకటి చెప్పడం భావ్యం కాదని అనుకుంటున్నాను. ఈ అంశంపై నా మనసును తెరచే ఉంచాను. నిష్పాక్షికంగా, రాగద్వేషాలకు అతీతంగా నేను పరిస్థితిని వివరించాను. బొంబాయి నుంచి పరిస్థితిని పూర్తిగా సమీక్షించిన తరువాత మరింత వివరంగా రాస్తాను. …” 1955లో హైదరాబాద్ రాష్ట్ర ముఖ్యమంత్రి బూర్గుల రామకృష్ణరావు కాంగ్రెస్ అధ్యక్షులు యు.ఎన్. ధేబర్కు రాసిన లేఖలో రాసిన ముగింపు వాక్యాలు అవి. విశాలాంధ్రలో కలవాలనే అభిప్రాయం కూడా తెలంగాణలో బలంగానే ఉన్నదని, అయితే మెజారిటీ మాత్రం ప్రత్యేక రాష్ట్రంగా ఉండడానికే మొగ్గుచూపుతారని కూడా బూర్గుల ఆ లేఖలో సూచించారు.
ఫజల్ అలీ కమిషన్ నివేదిక వెలువడి, విశాలాంధ్ర ప్రయత్నాలు ముమ్మరం అవుతున్న సందర్భంలో బూర్గుల రాసిన లేఖ అది. ఒక రాష్ట్ర విభజనకు సంబంధించిన సమస్య కాదది, రాజకీయంగా ప్రాంతాలుగా విడిపోయిన సందర్భమూ కాదది. ఒక బహుభాషారాష్ట్రం మూడుముక్కలుగా విచ్ఛిన్నమై నామ రూపాలు లేకుండా పోయే సన్నివేశం. ఆయన తన అభిప్రాయాన్ని స్పష్టంగా, బహిరంగంగా చెప్పడానికి ఏ అభ్యంతరం ఉండనక్కరలేదు. అయినా, ముఖ్యమంత్రి పదవిలో ఉంటూ, తన మనోగతాన్ని బాహాటంగా ప్రకటించి రాజకీయపరిస్థితులను ప్రభావితం చేయకూడదనే విలువను ఆయన పాటించి, పార్టీ అధ్యక్షుడికి రహస్యలేఖను మాత్రమే పంపించారు. (మరింత…)
Separate Telangana – Another water sharing tribunal needed ఆగస్ట్ 8, 2013Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in ecology, Fazal Ali Commission, Godavari, Polavaram, submergence, Telangana.
Tags: natural resources, water sharing
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Telangana: Turbulence over water?
V. Rishikumar, Business Line 7 August, 2013
States sharing water has always been a prickly issue. How will Telangana fare?
Carving Telangana out of the riverine State of Andhra Pradesh and sharing water resources will be a tricky affair. It does not help that Andhra Pradesh is a lower riparian State, even as it has three major rivers.
A Group of Ministers will be constituted to chart a way forward on sharing water, power, mineral resources and infrastructure, among other things.
Anything to do with water raises passions in Telangana, drought-prone Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra.
Even in the unified State, where more than 70 per cent of the population is dependent on agriculture, the issue of water availability has been central to arriving at an understanding on resource sharing between the three regions.
Andhra Pradesh is blessed with the three major river systems — Godavari, the Krishna and the Pennar — and about 40 medium and minor rivers. Their deltas play a big role in the State’s economy and contribute to the prosperity of various regions and districts.
In the 1950s, the Fazal Ali Commission — also known as the States Reorganisation Commission — had provided early insights into the importance of the Krishna and Godavari systems.
Since then, the issue of water-sharing began to take concrete shape with the formation of the Krishna and Godavari water tribunals and their awards.
The Krishna, the third biggest river in peninsular India, irrigates Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. According to the tribunal award, Maharashtra gets 560 thousand million cubic feet (TMC ) of water, Karnataka 700 TMC and Andhra Pradesh 811 TMC.
Of the 811 TMC that the lower riparian State of Andhra Pradesh gets from the Krishna, it has managed to complete projects that help harness the potential of about 759 TMC; the rest is sought to be tapped with new projects.
The Srisailam and Nagarjunasagar dams are central to the Krishna river in Andhra Pradesh. In the case of the Godavari, Andhra Pradesh has been allocated 1,480 TMC of which about 690 TMC is utilised and more than 742 TMC planned to be harnessed through new projects. (మరింత…)
An Eye-opener on Telangana : Madabhushi Sridhar ఏప్రిల్ 23, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, agitation, Art, cinema, Congress, Culture, Deccan, Economy, elections, Fazal Ali Commission, Hyderabad, Identity, Kakatiya, Karimnagar, movement, Mulki, Polavaram, politics, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Review, Settler, Six Point Formula, Sonia, TDP, Telangana, Telugu, TRS, universities, violence, YSR.
Tags: Allam Rajayya, Bharath Bhushan, Bhoomi, Dean McHenry Jr, Duncan Forrester, Gadi, Golla Ramavva, movement, N Venugopal, Naresh Kumar, PV Narasimha Rao, Radhika Rajamani, Reynolds Joshua, Srinivas SV, sub-regionalism
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An Eye-opener On Telangana
Power Politics, April 2011
The major defect that Telangana suffers from is lack of data and documentation to advocate against discrimination and disparities perpetuated by leaders coming from other regions. This problem is now being addressed effectively. Telangana: The State of Affairs, edited by M Bharath Bhushan and N Venugopal is a bold attempt to provide a framework to understand the rationale for the demand of Telangana
Telangana is victim of its own leaders who permitted others to exploit it. These leaders are culpable for two reasons : either they are guilty of not knowing the diversion of water, funds and other resources; or they knew it but allowed the injustice to continue without any resistance. For the sin of leaders, people are suffering. It can also be said other way round too : people should have been more conscious to question these leaders and not allowed the leaders to exploit them.
TELANGANA : THE STATE OF AFFAIRS, M Bharath Bhushan, N. Venugopal, AdEd Value Ventures, 2009, Rs 250, pp. 210
Andhra Pradesh unfortunately did not have a leader of state level nature so far. Almost all chief ministers conducted themselves as the leaders of their native district or region and none ruled like a leader of the entire state. Some of the leaders did not do anything for their district or region. People’s representatives who occupied crucial positions in New Delhi were more obedient to Prime Ministers and thus never cared for their state. Some MPs and bureaucrats from Coastal Andhra were over smart and diverted the resources from out of Telangana. This led to serious disparities among the region’s leading to the present state of hostilities and turbulence.
Another major defect that Telangana suffers from is lack of data and documentation to advocate against discrimination and disparities perpetuated by leaders coming from other regions. This problem is now being addressed effectively. Telangana: The State of Affairs, edited by M Bharath Bhushan and N Venugopal is a bold attempt to provide a a framework to understand the rationale for the demand of Telangana. (మరింత…)
Srikrishna Committee Report- an example of absurd logic జనవరి 13, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, agitation, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, compromise, Congress, CPI, Fazal Ali Commission, Hyderabad, Identity, KCR, Mulki, politics, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Settler, Sonia, struggle, suicide, Telangana, Telugu, TRS.
The case for Telangana
Manoj Mitta, TNN, Jan 9, 2011
If a woman who was forcibly married asks for a divorce on grounds of cruelty, can a court rule against it? Can a court rule that she cannot be liberated from her marriage, however bad, without her husband’s consent? That’s the kind of dubious logic the Srikrishna Committee employed when suggesting, as its “second best option”, that the Telangana region (the erstwhile Hyderabad state) cannot be divorced from the Andhra and Rayalaseema regions (the erstwhile Andhra state) unless the latter agree.
The committee’s exact words were: “Separation is recommended only in case it is unavoidable and if this decision can be reached amicably among all the three regions.” Though its “most preferred option” was to keep Andhra Pradesh intact, the committee could not help proposing the split as the second best option because the creation of a separate Telangana, it conceded, would “satisfy a large majority of people from the region”.
The committee admitted the depth of sentiment favouring separation among the people of Telangana and acknowledged the validity of their grievance or “the felt psyche of discrimination and domination”. Despite its assertion that the region was not as backward as it was made out to be, the committee accepted that the “continuing demand… for a separate Telangana… has some merit and is not entirely unjustified”.
But it ignored — willfully or otherwise — where exactly this “continuing demand” came from. It failed to recognize it as a consequence of the forced merger that Telangana has been trapped in since 1956 and the widely perceived betrayal, in letter and spirit, of the promises made in the form of a Gentleman’s Agreement. Had the committee diagnosed it essentially as a demand for demerger on account of reneged promises, it would not have committed the folly of proposing the Telangana Regional Council as the keystone of its best option. For, the same council, with more or less the same nomenclature and powers, had been promised in the 1956 Gentleman’s Agreement.
There was little follow-up action.
Given the multi-disciplinary expertise at its disposal, the committee should have known better than to presume, that despite the trust deficit, there was a realistic chance of the people of Telangana agreeing to remain within the unified state on the basis of “empowerment” measures apparently designed to reduce the sense of discrimination. If the committee’s report has evoked widespread condemnation from the people of Telangana, it has a lot to do with the reluctance it betrayed in examining the implications of their elaborately documented position that Andhra Pradesh from its very inception was a forced union. (మరింత…)
Guide to Telangana question : Two books సెప్టెంబర్ 13, 2010Posted by Telangana Utsav in 1969, Andhra, Art, BJP, cinema, Congress, CPI, CPI-M, Culture, Deccan, elections, Fazal Ali Commission, Godavari, heritage, Hyderabad, Identity, Kakatiya, MIM, Mulki, Nizam, Polavaram, politics, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Review, Settler, Six Point Formula, SRC, TDP, Telangana, Telugu, TRS, Uttara Andhra, YSR.
Tags: P V Narasimha Rao, short story
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The twin guide to Telangana
V. Anil Kumar
Financial Express, Sep 12, 2010
The Telangana issue has been in the news for some time, and the recent byelections have just brought the focus back on the matter. While writings on Telangana are multiplying, there is considerable need for understanding the basic aspects of the problem. This needs information, as well as the point of view of the people of the region. In addition, there is also the need to fill the gap on economic, socio-cultural and historical aspects of Telangana. The two books reviewed here attempt to provide such a backdrop against which all the contemporary political commentaries could be understood to some extent. (మరింత…)
Separation Pangs – Telangana : Gita Ramaswamy జూన్ 5, 2010Posted by Telangana Utsav in 1969, Congress, CPI-M, Fazal Ali Commission, Hyderabad, Identity, MIM, Mulki, Naxalite, peace, politics, regionalism, Review, Settler, Six Point Formula, suicide, TDP, Telangana, TRS.
Tags: CH Hanumantha Rao, Gadi, M.Bharath Bhushan, N Venugopal
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Cheated on promises of equity for decades, Telangana’s right to statehood is validated by scholars and activists
Telangana today evokes images of gun-toting khaki-clad Naxalites and students immolating themselves—both conjuring horror and violence. In contrast, the Telangana movement for a separate state is both a peaceful movement and a movement for peace, an anomaly in a region marked by continuing violent struggles. By and large, the separatists have been peaceful, resorting to fasts, dharnas and processions. Telangana, which has seen decades of violence—from the Communist-led armed struggle of the forties to Naxalite violence the seventies onwards, and the horrific police repression of both—yearns for peace. The call for a separate Telangana is also a call for development on its own terms, to enable vertical contradictions within the area to be resolved within it.
The Telangana slogan is a six-decade-old one. In 1952, the Hyderabad Legislative Assembly voted to keep the Hyderabad state intact and separate. The States Reorganisation Commission, appointed by the Nehru government, also cautioned against forced unification in 1955. The gentlemen’s agreement in 1956 (between Telangana and Andhra leaders) stated that the utilisation of Telangana’s huge surpluses should be within the area of Telangana. This was not done. Data from 1966-67 shows 88.4 per cent of government canals were in the Andhra region, and only 1.4 per cent in Telangana. Subsequent developments confirmed the fears of the people of Telangana. Telangana has failed to get an equitable share of public investments, there is discrimination against its people both in public education and employment, and a clear denial of political power to leaders of this region. Two major rivers pass through Telangana—the Krishna and the Godavari; neither irrigates the area substantially. Instead, their waters go to the coastal Andhra districts of Krishna, Guntur, East and West Godavari. (మరింత…)
Sardar Patel to Chidambaram: Long journey of Telangana ఏప్రిల్ 25, 2010Posted by Telangana Utsav in Andhrapreneurship, Congress, Culture, Economy, elections, Fazal Ali Commission, Identity, Mulki, politics, Reddy, regionalism, Telangana, TRS, YSR.
Tags: Chidambaram, Pervaram Ramulu
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Telangana: From princely state to pauper state
Pervaram Ramulu, New Indian Express, 23 April, 2010
THE road to Telangana has been long and winding. It was charted by the then Union home minister Sardar Patel when he took ‘Police Action’ in September 1948 to integrate the princely state of Hyderabad with the rest of free India. it is in the fitness of things that the present Home Minister Chidambaram is overseeing the last leg of this journey.
The people of Telangana feel reassured and hopeful.
After 53 years of Andhra rule they feel let down by successive regimes in New Delhi. These years have been years of discrimination, neglect and economic exploitation. The composite state of Hyderabad was trifurcated in the year 1956. While the Marathi-speaking districts of Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Osmanabad and Beed merged with Maharashtra, the Kannada-speaking districts of Bidar, Gulbarga and Raichur joined Karnataka. The remaining nine Telugu-speaking districts, historically known as Telangana, were forced to accept the merger of 11 districts of Andhra state and metamorphose into what has been labelled as Andhra Pradesh. This metamorphosis has been truly Kafkaesque.
These nightmarish years have seen rural Telangana slide into abysmal poverty.
The ‘planned development’ turned the rural masses of the region into Singareni coal mine diggers, construction workers in Hyderabad, unskilled migratory labour in the Middle East and factory workers in the cotton mills of Surat, Mumbai, Bhiwandi and Sholapur.
Successive chief ministers from Andhra region, beginning with Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy and till recently Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy, paid no heed to the crying needs of rural Telangana.
Though lying between the two mighty rivers of Godavari and Krishna, the vast rural areas of Telangana remain dry, its farmers always looking to the skies for the rain god to shower his elusive blessings.
The Telangana farmer is “born in debt, lives in debt and bequeaths debt.” If Telangana, located in the heart of India, bleeds, can the rest of the country remain unaffected? It was in the year 1957 that it all began.
The formation of Andhra Pradesh saw the English educated Andhras storm the capital city of Hyderabad and district headquarter towns. They occupied key positions and encouraged their compatriots from Andhra to migrate to Telangana in large numbers. They bought lands from farmers at dirt cheap prices. Equipped with maps of planned irrigation projects they would scout the country side and persuade farmers to part with their lands. Eventually the farmer would spend all the money and become a labourer in his own land. (మరింత…)
TRS demand for Akhand Telangana of 1956 ఏప్రిల్ 18, 2010Posted by Telangana Utsav in Fazal Ali Commission, KCR, Mulki, politics, Telangana, TRS.
Tags: greater telangana, Hyderabad Karnataka, Marathwada, Srikrishna
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‘Stand on Telangana being distorted’
Special Correspondent, The Hindu
The Telangana Rashtra Samiti’s submission to the Srikrishna Committee to seek restoration of status quo ante as it existed on October 31, 1956, has given scope for criticism by its detractors, notably Congress MP Lagadapati Rajagopal, about its commitment to separate Telangana.
Its stand was interpreted as an exposure of its ‘hollow politics’ since the party wanted re-drawing of boundaries of Telangana in a manner as to include the Marathwada and Hyderabad-Karnataka regions which were parts of the erstwhile Hyderabad State.
However, the TRS has ridiculed this interpretation and said its position on Telangana was being deliberately distorted by certain vested interests. (మరింత…)
Hyderabad is inseparable from Telangana: Asaduddin Owaisi, MIM ఏప్రిల్ 18, 2010Posted by Telangana Utsav in Culture, Economy, Fazal Ali Commission, Hyderabad, Identity, MIM, Mulki, Muslim, politics, Rayalaseema, Telangana, Urdu.
Tags: Asaduddin Owaisi, SKC, Srikrishna
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MIM bats for Greater Telangana
April 18, 2010 IANS
Ending its silence over the Telangana issue, the Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM) on Sunday opposed the demand for union territory status to Hyderabad and suggested that if the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh becomes inevitable, a Greater Telangana state comprising Telangana and Rayalseema regions be formed.
MIM, a key political force in Hyderabad, said it was basically for continuing the present status of Andhra Pradesh with constitutional guarantees to Telangana.
“However, if the division becomes inevitable, Greater Telangana state should be formed with Hyderabad as the capital,” the party said.
The party has expressed its views on the issue in a memorandum submitted to the Srikrishna committee, which is looking into the demands for and against a separate Telangana state. (మరింత…)