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Construction and Consolidation of the Telangana Identity
H Srikanth, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol – XLVIII No.45-46, November 16, 2013
H Srikanth (email@example.com) is with the North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong
The architects of the idea of Vishalandhra (Greater Andhra) were not unaware of subregional sentiments, but were eager that all Telugu people unite on the basis of a common language and culture, and build a democratic and progressive state (Sundariah 1999). It is disheartening to see that such a state, formed with considerable goodwill and hope, is about to be bifurcated.
The idea of a linguistic reorganisation of states in India owes its genesis to the Telugu people who were the first to invoke a common linguistic identity to pressure the central government to create a separate state of Andhra out of the Madras Province in 1953. Three years later, they sought the merger of Andhra state with the Telangana region of the erstwhile state of Hyderabad to form the new state of Andhra Pradesh (AP).
The architects of the idea of Vishalandhra (Greater Andhra) were not unaware of subregional sentiments, but were eager that all Telugu people unite on the basis of a common language and culture, and build a democratic and progressive state (Sundariah 1999).1 It is disheartening to see that such a state, formed with considerable goodwill and hope, is about to be bifurcated. The decision of the union cabinet to form a state of Telangana is interpreted by many political leaders and activist intellectuals as the logical culmination of the struggles and aspirations of the region’s people for identity and self-rule. The decision has, however, roused passions and public protests in other parts of AP, now referred to as Seemandhra, and compelled people to come out in support of Samaikyandhra (United Andhra Pradesh). Alongside agitations and counter-agitations, an interesting political debate is taking place in the state between proponents and adversaries of the Telangana movement. Against the background of these movements and debates, this article studies the process that has led to the construction and consolidation of a Telangana identity and interrogates the premises on which ideologues have sought to justify the movement for a separate state.
AP comprises three distinct subregions – coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema, and Telangana. Given differences in historical, cultural, geographical, and developmental experiences, subregional identities have persisted in the state since its inception. But these subregional identities thrived alongside the overarching linguistic identity common to all Telugu people. Despite the reservations of some Congress leaders, the majority opinion in Telangana in 1956 was in favour of creating AP. The communists, who then had considerable public support in Telangana, were openly in support of the idea of Vishalandhra. The formal decision to merge with Andhra to form AP was taken by the Hyderabad legislative assembly after considerable deliberation on its pros and cons.2 However, a decade later, the state witnessed competing subregional movements demanding a separate Telangana and a separate Andhra (Sen 1970; Gray 1971, 1974; Dasaradha Rama Rao et al 1973). Prime Minister Indira Gandhi refused to yield to the subregional demands and enforced a compromise by initiating a six-point formula, followed by the 32nd Constitutional Amendment, 1973, incorporating Clause 371-D.3 The Telangana Praja Samithi (TPS), formed in 1969 to fight for a separate Telangana, was dissolved and its leaders rejoined the Congress Party in 1971. (మరింత…)
KCR lists ‘Telangana Traitors’ అక్టోబర్ 13, 2013Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in BJP, Congress, CPI, JAC, KCR, Mulki, politics, Telangana, Y S Jagan.
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KCR lists ‘Telangana Traitors’
The New Indian Express, Hyderabad 2 October, 2013
Reiterating that those who oppose Telangana statehood are traitors, TRS chief K Chandrashekar Rao said he will not say it once, but lakhs of times because it is true.
Speaking to mediapersons here on Tuesday, he found fault with CPI state secretary K Narayana and BJP leader Bandaru Dattatreya for criticising his comments during the Sakala Jana Bheri. He wondered why the two leaders find no fault with those opposing Telangana and criticising him and the movement constantly in a foul language. (మరింత…)
Telangana issue again rocks Andhra assembly సెప్టెంబర్ 18, 2012Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, BJP, Congress, CPI, elections, Harish, Mulki, politics, Telangana, TRS, Y S Jagan.
Tags: Assembly, monsoon session, Nadendla Manohar
Telangana issue again rocks Andhra assembly
Tuesday, September 18th 2012, New York Daily News
Hyderabad, Sep 18 — The Telangana issue rocked the Andhra Pradesh state assembly for the second consecutive day Tuesday with Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) stalling the proceedings, demanding a resolution for carving out a separate state.
Speaker N. Manohar adjourned the house for half-an-hour amid noisy scenes and heated arguments among members. He later held a meeting with floor leaders of all parties but it failed to end the deadlock as TRS, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and CPI insisted on a resolution on Telangana while main opposition Telugu Desam Party (TDP) wanted debate on electricity shortage and ‘tainted’ ministers. (మరింత…)
TJAC gives Congress ultimatum till April 24 – Kodandaram ఏప్రిల్ 5, 2012Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, BJP, Congress, CPI, CPI-M, elections, Identity, JAC, MIM, politics, regionalism, Sonia, suicide, TDP, TRS, YSR.
Tags: 2004 elections, 2009 elections, Chidambaram, consensus, Jaipal Reddy, Jana Reddy, MLA, MP, TJAC, YSRC
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Telangana: JAC gives Cong ultimatum till Apr 24
Agencies: Hyderabad, Apr 04 2012
The Telangana Political Joint Action Committee (JAC) today threatened to intensify the separate statehood agitation once again if the ruling Congress fails to make its stand clear on the issue before the Parliament resumes for the second part of the Budget session on April 24.
Congress should clear its stand on Telangana issue as it had promised to deliver the separate state in the 2004 and 2009 elections, JAC convener M Kodandaram told reporters here.
The MPs and MLAs of Congress should put pressure on their party leadership towards accepting the separate statehood demand, the JAC convenor said in the background of the Union Home Minister P Chidambaram’s statement last month that four political parties in Andhra Pradesh — Congress, TDP, MIM and YSR Congress –were yet to make up their mind about their stand on Telangana. (మరింత…)
Tags: byelections, Ibrahim, Kamareddy, Kollapur, Kovur, Nagam, Nagarkurnool, Station Ghanpur
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మార్చి 2012 ఎన్నికల్లో మల్లొకసారి జై తెలంగాణ!
బై ఎలెక్షన్ల ఫలితాలు అనుకొన్నట్టే ఒచ్చినయ్. రాజీనామా చేశినొల్లకు, తెలంగాణ అన్నోల్లకు, తెలంగాణ జెండెత్తుకొన్నోల్లకు మల్లొకసారి వోటు!
Station Ghanapur TRS
అదిలాబాదు, కామారెడ్డి, కొల్లాపూర్, స్టేషన్ ఘనపూర్, నాగర్ కర్నూల్ అటు కోవూరుల పాతోల్లకే వోటు. పార్టీలు కొత్తవి
కొల్లాపూరు, స్టేషన్ ఘనపూర్, కామారెడ్డి, అదిలాబాదులతో పాటు నాగర్ కర్నూలుల నాగం విజయం జై తెలంగాణకు వోటు
2009ల కాంగ్రేసుకున్న కొల్లాపూరు, స్టేషన్ ఘనపూర్, తెలుగు దేశంకున్న కామారెడ్డి, అదిలాబాదులు ఇపుడు టీ.ఆర్.ఎస్ కు బదిలీ
ఒక్కదగ్గర కొత్తగా బీజేపీ ప్రవేశం. టీ.ఆర్.ఎస్ ను ఓడించి మహబూబునగర్ బీజేపి గెలిశింది. ఎవ్వరితో పొత్తు లేకుండ ఒంటరిగా పోరుయాత్ర చేశి విజయం సాధించింది.
Congress wins trust vote, 16 hours debate on corruption & growing crisis in the state డిసెంబర్ 7, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in BJP, Congress, corruption, CPI, CPI-M, Polavaram, politics, regionalism, TDP, Telangana, TRS, Y S Jagan, YSR.
Tags: farmers, Praja Rajyam, Volkswagen
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Kiran government wins trust vote
Special Correspondent, The Hindu, HYDERABAD, December 6, 2011
Marathon 16-hour-long debate ends at 1.30 a.m.
The Congress government defeated the Telugu Desam-sponsored no confidence motion by a comfortable margin of 160-122 votes at the end of a marathon 16-hour-long debate that ended at 1.30 a.m. on Tuesday.
But the ruling party paid a heavy price for its victory after 16 of its MLAs defied its whip and voted in favour of the no trust motion, notwithstanding the likelihood of their disqualification from the Assembly. If they are disqualified, the Congress party’s own strength will come down to 137, way below the half-way mark in the 294-member Assembly.
However, the voting pattern, including the rebellion by the pro-Jagan MLAs, went along expected lines. The Opposition parties comprising the TDP, TRS, CPI, BJP, CPI (M) and Congress rebels closed ranks and voted in support of the motion while the one-year-old Kiran Kumar Reddy government mustered the backing of the Praja Rajyam and its ally, the MIM, to sail through. Lok Satta member N. Jayaprakash Narayan remained neutral. (మరింత…)
Tags: no confidence, no trust motion
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TRS moves no-trust motion against Kiran govt
TNN December 4, 2011
HYDERABAD: Accusing Congress and Telugu Desam Party of conspiring to prevent the Assembly from moving a resolution in support of separate Telangana state, TRS on Friday gave a notice to Speaker Nadendla Manohar seeking to move a no-confidence motion against the Kiran Kumar Reddy government.
The TRS notice comes a day after TDP gave a similar notice over government’s failure to come to the rescue of drought-hit farmers in the state. TRSLP floor leader E Rajendar in his letter, signed by nine of the 13 TRS MLAs, said, “This House expresses no-confidence in the council of ministers…. On account of its failure to keep the promise made by the government on Telangana.” (మరింత…)
SEW Polavaram contract raises new controversy అక్టోబర్ 23, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, BJP, Congress, corruption, CPI, displacement, Economy, KCR, Koya, KTR, Media, Polavaram, politics, regionalism, Settler, ST, TDP, TRS, YSR.
Tags: CL Rajam, head work, Intercontinental Infrastructure, Namaste Telangana, Soma Constructions, Southern Engineering Works, tender
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Polavaram contract raises Telangana heat
Srinivas Janyala, Indian Express, 23 October 2011
No sooner had the agitation for a separate Telangana state begun to simmer down than it threatens to erupt again: this time over the award of a contract to a construction company linked to a Telugu newspaper in which Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS) president K Chandrasekhara Rao is a stakeholder.
Crying foul, the Opposition is accusing the Congress government of buying peace with the TRS via this contract, a charge the government denies.
On October 19, the state government awarded a Rs 4,717-crore contract to Southern Engineering Works (SEW) Infrastructure to execute four major components of the Polavaram Project including spillway, head work, earth-and-rock fill dam and excavation for the 960 MW hydel power generation house.
The government said it saved Rs 600 crore by conducting the tender process for the contract in a transparent manner — SEW was the lowest of five bidders for the four works, quoting 12.6 per cent less than the total value of the work.
SEW Infrastructure has stakes in Intercontinental Infrastructure Ltd, a Hyderabad-based company which, in turn, is a stakeholder in Telangana Publications Pvt Limited that publishes Namaste Telangana. TRS’s Rao has invested Rs 4.12 crore and owns 41.25 lakh shares in Telangana Publications.
The chairman of Intercontinental Infrastructure is C L Rajam, a former Resident Engineer, and later one of the directors of SEW Infrastructure. (మరింత…)
Chisti and Misinformation: Subhash Chandra అక్టోబర్ 12, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, Articles, corruption, CPI, CPI-M, Culture, Deccan, English, Hyderabad, Identity, MIM, Mulki, Nizam, politics, regionalism, Review, struggle, Telangana.
Tags: 1946-1951, 1952 elections, 1969 Telangana Movement, Armed Struggle, Arutla Kamaladevi, Arutla Ramachandra Reddy, Communist, Hyderabad State, Maqdoom Mohiuddin, P. Sundarayya, Raj Bahadur Gour, Seema Chisti, SKC, Telangana Peoples Armed Struggle, Yechuri
Land of Much Disinformation
Masquerading as Journalism
Dear journalist Ms. Seema Chisti,
Greetings from the State of Telangana!
I have addressed you as a journalist since you identified yourself as one in one of your public tweets. Specifically though, I am writing this letter to you with reference to your October 7, 2011 online article titled “Land of many discontents” published by Indian Express. I have also read many of your posts on Telangana as well as on various other issues and subjects. (http://www.indianexpress.com/columnist/seemachishti)
I am not a journalist (exclusively) myself but, I do have high regard for true journalism and true journalists of unquestionable integrity. I hope, you subscribe to such values, too.
After reading your column “Land of many discontents” though I have serious concerns. Just to be sure, I then read your other articles on Telangana and my suspicions were confirmed. Perhaps, it is unfair on my part to expect such high standards from you. Still, considering the facts that you have worked at BBC and Indian Express as a senior journalist, I expect you to at least check your facts for accuracy even if your opinions are biased. Alas, you have seriously disappointed me and, I am sure, many other serious readers of news and opinions both in India and abroad. What shocks me is that even senior journalists like you and many others like Vijay Simha @ Tehelka, and even Rajdeep Sardesai of Editors Guild take your professional responsibility rather lightly and commit grave errors both in substance and accuracy. I just wonder what the reasons could be. Is it because you consider yourself above the fray or too important to concern yourself with the mundane task of verifying facts and the veracity of your statements, or just plain carelessness and recklessness? After all, you have represented the Editor’s Guild along with Sardesai to the EC regarding how badly prevalent is Paid Journalism in Indian Press. Why then do you perpetuate the same things (paid-journalism) you complain to EC?
I am going to treat every word and every sentence in your article with utmost care and seriousness to show how far removed your writing is from facts, truth, and objectivity. I shall also provide you references to verify the facts. (మరింత…)
Land of many discontents, united AP rationale squandered అక్టోబర్ 9, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, agitation, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, Articles, BJP, Congress, CPI, CPI-M, Culture, fast, Guntur, Hyderabad, Identity, Kamma, KCR, Mulki, Nizam, politics, Reddy, regionalism, Settler, TDP, Telugu, TRS, Velama, Y S Jagan, YSR.
Tags: Gorkhaland, Greater Rayalaseema, poll alliances, Seema Chishti
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Land of many discontents
Seema Chishti, The Indian Express, Oct 07 2011
Among most English-speaking sections of southern India, when a concept finds itself abbreviated or turned into an acronym, it is considered evidence of its acceptance. To that extent, the usage of “T” for Telangana in newspapers and periodicals there, as opposed to AP for Andhra Pradesh, could signal that “Telangana” is around the corner.
But if you discount the hype, there is a different story unfolding in the region. The absence of real stalwarts in Andhra Pradesh who can lend heft to the debate, and the Congress’s classic act of not knowing which side to weigh in on, after muddling things up very competently two years ago, does not help. A short biography of the idea of Telangana and the “movements” there is in order.
The Telangana movement, as was understood when India was being created out of hundreds of princely states, was of a completely different kind. A deep peasant revolt against the landlords was brewing, headed by the then-united CPI. The Telangana movement, between 1946 and 1951, meant bringing about a virtual “people’s republic” in those parts. Facing brutal attack from local landlords and the Nizam, comrades like P. Sundarayya, Basavapunaiah, B. Narasimha Reddy and a thousand others led a prolonged struggle for establishing “true” freedom, before they withdrew the struggle (for a variety of reasons) and participated in the 1952 elections. The communists, then a force to be reckoned with in AP, secured more than 33 per cent of the votes and were more than a handful for a wary Congress. However, despite a pre-poll alliance that got them more than the Congress, it was the Congress that was called in to form the government. Communist accounts describe how the backbone of the comrades was crushed with a brutal police-led witch-hunt, as the Telangana “movement” wound down. (మరింత…)