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TSPSC Syllabus of Paper VI: Telangana Movement & State Formation సెప్టెంబర్ 1, 2015

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, 29th State, AP Reorganisation Bill, Bhadrachalam, G.O 610, Hyderabad, Identity, JAC, KCR, Kothagudem, Koya, Mulki, Nizam, Polavaram, politics, Settler, Six Point Formula, Sonia, SRC, suicide, TDF, Telangana, Telangana Festivals, TRS, TSPSC, Warangal.
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PAPER-VI – TELANGANA MOVEMENT AND STATE FORMATION

I. The idea of Telangana (1948-1970)

1. Historical Background: Telangana as a distinctive cultural unit in Hyderabad Princely State, its geographical, cultural, socio, political and economic features- People of Telangana- castes, tribes, religion, arts, crafts, languages, dialects, fairs, festivals and important places in Telangana. Administration in Hyderabad Princely State and Administrative Reforms of Salar Jung and Origins of the issue of Mulkis-Non-Mulkis; Employment and Civil Services Rules under Mir Osman Ali Khan, VII Nizam’s Farman of 1919 and Definition of Mulki – Establishment of Nizam’s Subjects League known as the Mulki League 1935 and its Significance; Merger of Hyderabad State into Indian Union in 1948; Employment Policies under Military Rule and Vellodi,1948-52; Violation of Mulki-Rules and Its Implications.

2. Hyderabad State in Independent India– Formation of Popular Ministry under Burgula Ramakrishna Rao and 1952 Mulki-Agitation; Demand for Employment of Local people and City College Incident, Its importance. Justice Jagan Mohan Reddy Committee Report, 1953 – Initial debates and demand for Telangana State-Reasons for the Formation of States Reorganization Commission (SRC) under Fazal Ali in 1953-Main Provisions and Recommendations of SRC-Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s views on SRC and smaller states.

3. Formation of Andhra Pradesh, 1956: Gentlemen’s Agreement – its Provisions and Recommendations; Telangana Regional Committee, Composition, Functions and Performance – Violation of Safeguards, Migration from Coastal Andhra Region and its Consequences; Post-1970 Development Scenario in Telangana- Agriculture, Irrigation, Power, Education, Employment, Medical and Health etc.

4. Violation of Employment and Service Rules: Origins of Telangana Agitation– Protest in Kothagudem and other places, Fast unto Death by Ravindranath; 1969 Agitation for Separate Telangana. Role of Intellectuals, Students, Employees in Jai Telangana Movement.

5. Formation of Telangana Praja Samithi and Course of Movement – the Spread of Telangana Movement- Major Events, Leaders and Personalities- All Party Accord – Go 36 – Suppression of Telangana Movement and its Consequences-The Eight Point and Five-Point Formulas-Implications.

II. Mobilisational phase (1971 -1990)

1. Court Judgements on Mulki Rules- Jai Andhra Movement and its Consequences– Six Point Formula 1973, and its Provisions; Article 371-D, Presidential Order, 1975-Officers (Jayabharat Reddy) Committee Report- G.O. 610 (1985); its Provisions and Violations- Reaction and Representations of Telangana Employees (మరింత…)

Telangana, the 29th state of India, and grouse of Parakala Prabhakars ఏప్రిల్ 6, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhra, Fazal Ali Commission, Hyderabad, Identity, Jai Andhra, Kakatiya, Mulki, Polavaram, regionalism, Settler, Sonia, TDP, Telangana, Telugu, TRS, Urdu, Warangal, YSR.
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India’s Newest State Telangana Is Bosnia Redux
Kranti Rai, The Daily Beast, 03.22.14

By acquiescing to the formation of a new state, Telangana, India is setting a dangerous precedent of ethnic division.

By acquiescing in the formation of a new state called Telangana, India has succumbed to the greatest political fraud in its modern history. Andhra Pradesh, stretching from central to peninsular India, is larger than New Zealand. The Telugu-speaking Indians who predominate the state, numbering roughly 80 million, are more numerous than the French or the British. (Satya Nadella, the new CEO of Microsoft, is a Telugu, as is Nina Davuluri, the reigning Miss USA.) The Telugus’ contribution to recent Indian history has been both constructive and corrosive. If the flag of independent India was the product of a Telugu patriot’s inclusive imagination, the map of contemporary India is the consequence of the Telugus’ insularity. It was the Telugus’ agitation in the 1950s for cultural and linguistic homogeneity that prompted the restructuring of Indian territory into linguistic states. Andhra Pradesh was born on November 1, 1956, as free India’s first state.

To its proponents Andhra was the meridian, after 600 years of division and dispersal, of Telugu civilization. It was the largest state in peninsular India, returned the second-largest contingent of MPs to the Indian parliament, housed the third-largest linguistic bloc in the country, and was the geographic intersection that bridged north and south. But the moment could not be sustained. Less than 60 years after its historic creation, Andhra is poised to be partitioned once again. The irony is that the Telugus, having precipitated the reorganization of India by invoking language as a legitimate instrument of political mobilization, will now become the only major linguistic minority within India to be divided by boundaries. (మరింత…)

There shall be a new state known as Telangana on & from the appointed day మార్చి 2, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, Bhadrachalam, Congress, Godavari, Hyderabad, Mulki, Polavaram, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Settler, Six Point Formula, Sonia, Telangana, YSR.
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THE ANDHRA PRADESH REORGANISATION ACT, 2014 dated 1 March 2014 says “ON AND FROM THE APPOINTED DAY, THERE SHALL BE FORMED A NEW STATE TO BE KNOWN AS THE STATE OF TELANGANA comprising the following territories of the existing State of Andhra Pradesh, namely:— Adilabad, Karimnagar, Medak, Nizamabad, Warangal, Rangareddi, Nalgonda, Mahbubnagar, Khammam (but excluding the revenue villages in the Mandals specified in G.O.Ms. No. 111 Irrigation & CAD (LA IV R&R-I) Department, dated the 27th June, 2005 and the revenue villages of Bhurgampadu, Seetharamanagaram and Kondreka in Bhurgampadu Mandal) and Hyderabad districts, and thereupon the said territories shall cease to form part of the existing State of Andhra Pradesh”.

http://www.mha.nic.in/sites/upload_files/mha/files/APRegACT2014_0.pdf

President approves Telangana state & President Rule in AP మార్చి 2, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, Andhra, Congress, Hyderabad, Polavaram, regionalism, Settler, Sonia, Telangana.
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AP goes under President’s Rule as Mukherjee approves Telangana
Mail Today Bureau 2 March 2014

The Bill for creation of Telangana received the nod of President Pranab Mukherjee who also signed the proclamation to impose central rule in Andhra Pradesh.

The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill 2014, which got the Parliament’s approval on February 20 despite strong opposition from Seemandhra leaders, got the Presidential assent, paving the way for creation of the country’s 29th state by splitting Andhra Pradesh.

The state will be under the President’s rule for the time being. There will be 13 districts in residuary Andhra Pradesh, while Telangana will have 10 districts, including the Hyderabad city.
In a bid to address concerns of the Seemandhra region, the government had already announced grant of Special Category Status, including tax incentives, to the residuary state as part of a six-point development package for AP’s two successor states. (మరింత…)

Telangana Bill with 9000 odd amendments & suggestions of AP MLAs sent to the President ఫిబ్రవరి 3, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Hyderabad, Polavaram, politics, Rayalaseema, Settler, Sonia, Telangana.
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Telangana Bill with suggested changes to reach MHA today
Sreenivas Janyala, The Financial Express, Hyderabad, February 3, 2014

As many as 50 copies of Telangana Bill with 9,000-odd amendments/ suggestions will be submitted to Union Home Secretary.

The AP Reorganisation Bill, 2013 will reach New Delhi Monday in two batches. Officials will leave with the first batch of the document at 6 am, and the second batch will leave by the 9:45 am flight.

As many as 50 copies of the Telangana Bill with 9,000-odd amendments/ suggestions submitted by MLAs attached, and weighing 300 kg, will be submitted to Union Home Secretary by Monday afternoon. The Union Home Ministry will forward it to the President.

Racing against time, 30 officials drawn from General Administration and other departments led by Chief Secretary P K Mohanty worked overtime and, assisted by 60 Telugu-to-English translators, prepared the copies to be sent to the President. (మరింత…)

Parliament may take up Telangana Bill in February జనవరి 13, 2014

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhra, Andhrapreneurship, Bhadrachalam, BJP, Congress, Economy, Godavari, Mulki, Polavaram, Rayalaseema, Settler, Sonia, TDP, Telangana, TRS.
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Parliament may take up Telangana Bill in February
TNN, January 11, 2014

NEW DELHI: Union home minister Sushilkumar Shinde on Friday said the Centre would introduce the Telangana Bill before the Parliament when the state assembly returns it to the President. He indicated it could happen during the next Parliament session in February.

“President Pranab Mukherjee has given time until January 23 to return the Bill. While sending the Bill, the President has also directed the state assembly to express its opinion on the Bill,” he said at his monthly press briefing.

Separately, Congress’s Andhra Pradesh in charge Digvijay Singh clarified he had never said there would be no voting on the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Bill -2013. (మరింత…)

What is holding up the Telangana Bill? Gautam Pingle అక్టోబర్ 29, 2013

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in BJP, Congress, Economy, Hyderabad, Polavaram, Rayalaseema, Sonia, TDP, Telangana, TRS.
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What is holding up the Telangana Bill?
Gautam Pingle, The New Indian Express, 28 October 2013

The legal issues – prior Assembly resolution, Assembly assent to the bill, Article 371D, simple parliamentary majority- have been resolved. The operational issues are also clear. First, the borders have been fixed by the Union cabinet. Ten districts of Telangana with Hyderabad city as its capital. Second, the distribution of assets will be based on their location in the successor states. What cannot be linked to location will be distributed by population proportion of the two states. These are the two principles guiding separation of states. Distribution of government employees is on principles of nativity, choice and seniority. The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill is ready. The final draft is only awaiting a decision on the conditions for the common capital – Hyderabad. This brings in conflict with all the principles of separation annunciated above and over the last 60 years. (మరింత…)

Seemandhra Union Ministers toe high command’s line అక్టోబర్ 19, 2013

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhrapreneurship, Congress, elections, Sonia, Telangana.
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Seemandhra Union Ministers toe high command’s line
Special Correspondent, The Hindu, Hyderabad October 17, 2013

Union Ministers from the Seemandhra region have fallen hook, line and sinker for their party high command’s bait and dropped their plans to resign. They, instead, are focusing their attention on bargaining for a better deal for the residuary State of Andhra Pradesh.

One after the other, the Union Ministers are singing the high command’s tune and putting on the back burner their fight against the division of the State. Their statements in the last couple of days explain their helplessness in fighting against the high command decision on division. As against their aggressive posture earlier, they now appear in a conciliatory mood as the Centre has constituted Group of Ministers to address the issues that need resolution. (మరింత…)

Telangana gets big cabinet push అక్టోబర్ 13, 2013

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Congress, Hyderabad, politics, Sonia, Telangana.
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Telangana gets big cabinet push
DNA, Oct 4, 2013

But tension grips state as anti-bifurcation groups call 48-hour bandh in Seemandhra

Pondering hard on the Congress party’s decision for over two months, the government finally bit the Telangana bullet on Thursday with the union cabinet setting the process rolling for the formation of the 29th state of the country. Soon after the cabinet decision, the supporters of united Andhra Pradesh called for a 48-hour bandh from Friday in Seemandhra regions. The police in Seemandhra region (coastal Andhra and Rayalseema) have been put on alert as the region is simmering with anti-bifurcation agitations for the past two months.

Keeping the cards close to its chest till the last moment, the government included Telangana in the cabinet agenda late in the evening and it was circulated to the cabinet ministers as a stabled note to the agenda.

Earlier in the morning, Congress president Sonia Gandhi met Andhra leaders and also general secretary in-charge Digvijay Singh, health minister Ghulam Nabi Azad and home minister Sushil kumar Shinde and decided to go ahead with the resolution. (మరింత…)

Telangana fallout: 7 Cong MPs, a state minister, 7 MLAs quit ఆగస్ట్ 4, 2013

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhra, Congress, politics, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Sonia, Telangana.
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Telangana fallout: 7 Cong MPs, a state minister, 7 MLAs quit

August 2, 2103 First Post India

New Delhi/Hyderabad: Rumblings within Congress over its decision to form Telangana grew today with its seven MPs, a state minister and seven MLAs from Andhra and Rayalaseema regions quitting amid indications that some more are likely to follow suit.

However, the party apparently managed to dissuade four Union Ministers from resigning. HRD Minister Pallam Raju was one of them who offered to quit but was asked to stay on.

Upset over the party’s decision taken on Tuesday, seven Congress MPs and four union ministers from Andhra and Rayalaseema regions held marathon meeting here late last night to evolve strategy against formation of Telangana decision.

The seven MPs — six Lok Sabha members and a Rajya Sabha member — then went to Parliament this morning and submitted their resignations. (మరింత…)