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Separate Telangana – Another water sharing tribunal needed ఆగస్ట్ 8, 2013

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in ecology, Fazal Ali Commission, Godavari, Polavaram, submergence, Telangana.
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Telangana: Turbulence over water?
V. Rishikumar, Business Line 7 August, 2013

States sharing water has always been a prickly issue. How will Telangana fare?

There is a case for another water-sharing tribunal- Business Line

There is a case for another water-sharing tribunal- Business Line

Carving Telangana out of the riverine State of Andhra Pradesh and sharing water resources will be a tricky affair. It does not help that Andhra Pradesh is a lower riparian State, even as it has three major rivers.

A Group of Ministers will be constituted to chart a way forward on sharing water, power, mineral resources and infrastructure, among other things.

Anything to do with water raises passions in Telangana, drought-prone Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra.

Even in the unified State, where more than 70 per cent of the population is dependent on agriculture, the issue of water availability has been central to arriving at an understanding on resource sharing between the three regions.

RIVER BLESSING

Andhra Pradesh is blessed with the three major river systems — Godavari, the Krishna and the Pennar — and about 40 medium and minor rivers. Their deltas play a big role in the State’s economy and contribute to the prosperity of various regions and districts.

In the 1950s, the Fazal Ali Commission — also known as the States Reorganisation Commission — had provided early insights into the importance of the Krishna and Godavari systems.

Since then, the issue of water-sharing began to take concrete shape with the formation of the Krishna and Godavari water tribunals and their awards.

The Krishna, the third biggest river in peninsular India, irrigates Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. According to the tribunal award, Maharashtra gets 560 thousand million cubic feet (TMC ) of water, Karnataka 700 TMC and Andhra Pradesh 811 TMC.

Of the 811 TMC that the lower riparian State of Andhra Pradesh gets from the Krishna, it has managed to complete projects that help harness the potential of about 759 TMC; the rest is sought to be tapped with new projects.

The Srisailam and Nagarjunasagar dams are central to the Krishna river in Andhra Pradesh. In the case of the Godavari, Andhra Pradesh has been allocated 1,480 TMC of which about 690 TMC is utilised and more than 742 TMC planned to be harnessed through new projects. (మరింత…)