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Construction and Consolidation of the Telangana Identity – H Srikanth నవంబర్ 9, 2013

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, Andhra, CPI, CPI-M, Identity, Jai Andhra, Mulki, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Telangana, TRS.
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Construction and Consolidation of the Telangana Identity
H Srikanth, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol – XLVIII No.45-46, November 16, 2013
H Srikanth (hskant@gmail.com) is with the North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong

The architects of the idea of Vishalandhra (Greater Andhra) were not unaware of subregional sentiments, but were eager that all Telugu people unite on the basis of a common language and culture, and build a democratic and progressive state (Sundariah 1999). It is disheartening to see that such a state, formed with considerable goodwill and hope, is about to be bifurcated.

The idea of a linguistic reorganisation of states in India owes its genesis to the Telugu people who were the first to invoke a common linguistic identity to pressure the central government to create a separate state of Andhra out of the Madras Province in 1953. Three years later, they sought the merger of Andhra state with the Telangana region of the erstwhile state of Hyderabad to form the new state of Andhra Pradesh (AP).

The architects of the idea of Vishalandhra (Greater Andhra) were not unaware of subregional sentiments, but were eager that all Telugu people unite on the basis of a common language and culture, and build a democratic and progressive state (Sundariah 1999).1 It is disheartening to see that such a state, formed with considerable goodwill and hope, is about to be bifurcated. The decision of the union cabinet to form a state of Telangana is interpreted by many political leaders and activist intellectuals as the logical culmination of the struggles and aspirations of the region’s people for identity and self-rule. The decision has, however, roused passions and public protests in other parts of AP, now referred to as Seemandhra, and compelled people to come out in support of Samaikyandhra (United Andhra Pradesh). Alongside agitations and counter-agitations, an interesting political debate is taking place in the state between proponents and adversaries of the Telangana movement. Against the background of these movements and debates, this article studies the process that has led to the construction and consolidation of a Telangana identity and interrogates the premises on which ideologues have sought to justify the movement for a separate state.

AP comprises three distinct subregions – coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema, and Telangana. Given differences in historical, cultural, geographical, and developmental experiences, subregional identities have persisted in the state since its inception. But these subregional identities thrived alongside the overarching linguistic identity common to all Telugu people. Despite the reservations of some Congress leaders, the majority opinion in Telangana in 1956 was in favour of creating AP. The communists, who then had considerable public support in Telangana, were openly in support of the idea of Vishalandhra. The formal decision to merge with Andhra to form AP was taken by the Hyderabad legislative assembly after considerable deliberation on its pros and cons.2 However, a decade later, the state witnessed competing subregional movements demanding a separate Telangana and a separate Andhra (Sen 1970; Gray 1971, 1974; Dasaradha Rama Rao et al 1973). Prime Minister Indira Gandhi refused to yield to the subregional demands and enforced a compromise by initiating a six-point formula, followed by the 32nd Constitutional Amendment, 1973, incorporating Clause 371-D.3 The Telangana Praja Samithi (TPS), formed in 1969 to fight for a separate Telangana, was dissolved and its leaders rejoined the Congress Party in 1971. (మరింత…)

TRC – Sonia repeats mother-in-law Indira’s joke & TRS planning a long term strategy for separate state ఆగస్ట్ 20, 2012

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in 1969, agitation, Andhrapreneurship, BJP, Congress, corruption, drama, elections, GHMC, Harish, Hyderabad, JAC, Karimnagar, KCR, Mahabubnagar, MIM, Mulki, Polavaram, politics, Rahul, Rayalaseema, regionalism, Settler, Sonia, suicide, TDP, Telangana, TRS, Warangal, Y S Jagan, YSR.
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Massive agitation in sight as congress plans autonomous regional council for Telangana
A Srinivasa Rao, Mail Today, Hyderabad, August 19, 2012

The Congress high command is mulling over the proposal of constituting an autonomous Telangana Regional Council a solution to the contentious Telangana issue in Andhra Pradesh. Having realized that the indecisiveness in taking a decision on the Telangana demand has cost the party heavily in the state, the Congress leadership is understood to be working on the proposal for autonomous regional council for Telangana, on the lines of Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council, which has recently transformed into Gorkhaland Territorial Administration with considerable autonomy for the local tribes.

An empowered Telangana regional council is part of the sixth option recommended by the Justice BN Srikrishna Committee in December 2010 as the best way forward on the Telangana issue. According to the committee, the regional council would be equipped with adequate funds, functions and functionaries. It would be headed by a legislator with cabinet rank and would provide a legislative consultative mechanism for subjects like planning and economic development, water and irrigation, education, skill development and vocational education, local administration and public health. (మరింత…)

Leading light of Telangana vaadam, Jayashankar, no more జూన్ 21, 2011

Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in agitation, Identity, JAC, Kakatiya, KCR, regionalism, struggle, Telangana, TRS, universities.
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Leading light of Telangana movement, Jayashankar, no more

Prof Kothapally Jayashankar who was suffering from cancer passed away on Tuesday

By Omer Farooq, Correspondent, Gulf News, June 21, 2011

Hyderabad: Telangana region was enveloped in a gloom and mourning as one of the oldest ideologues and visionaries of Telangana state Prof Kothapally Jayashankar passed away on Tuesday.

The 76-year-old professor, who was suffering from cancer and was undergoing treatment at a hospital in Hyderabad, breathed his last at his home in Hanmakonda in Warangal district where he was shifted earlier.

A leading light of all the movements for Telangana state during last half a century, Jayashankar also served as a the vice chancellor of the Kakatiya university in Warangal.

Jayashankar who made his last public appearance at the launch of a pro Telangana Telugu daily “Namaste Telangana” in Hyderabad last month, always held the dream of separate state very close to his heart as he believed that the region was not getting justice from Andhra region.

News of Jayashankar’s death spread like a wild fire across the region and political leaders cutting across the party lines mourned the stalwart. (మరింత…)