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Koulas, a fort with a hoary past ఆగస్ట్ 30, 2014

Posted by Telangana Utsav in Nizamabad, Telangana Places.
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The fort in Nizamabad district is an ideal getaway as it is just 180 km from Hyderabad

P. RAM MOHAN, The Hindu 29 August 2014

Little known Koulas fort dating back to the fourteenth century, spread across six square km and tucked away in a corner of backward Jukkal mandal of Nizamabad district, has the potential of becoming a much sought after tourist destination.

Situated on the border of Telangana, Karnataka and Maharashtra States, 180 km from Hyderabad and 100 km from the district headquarter town of Nizamabad, Koulas fort can be a tourists’ delight as a quick getaway for one day. The trip can also be tagged on with a visit to the historic Nizamsagar, the irrigation project built by the seventh Nizam on the Manjira, and Koulasnala projects close by.

koulas 1

Nizamsagar project

A good blacktopped road from Hyderabad passing through Sangareddy-Andole-Nizamsagar-Pitlam takes tourists to the historical fort built by the Kakatiyas in four hours. If the travellers start from Hyderabad after breakfast, they can stop at Nizamsagar project, once the lifeline of Nizamabad district, to view its grandeur. Although the two guesthouses built when the project was inaugurated are in a dilapidated condition, tourists can spend some time, have lunch and proceed to Koulas fort.

Constructed in the semi-Dravidian style, the fort is situated on the south eastern Balaghat range at an altitude of about 1,000 ft, encircled by the Koulas stream. The stream used to stand as a natural moat to the fort. This apart, the thick cover of vegetation, when viewed from the fort, is a feast for the eyes.

Temples galore

History has it that earlier this fort was conquered by Muslim rulers and later occupied by the Nizams. Currently, all the structures inside the fort are in ruins. However, the Sivalayam, a dargah and a grain store built with boulders, though camouflaged by wood, remain intact.

The fort walls were built in a three-tier system of defence. A huge cannon still rests atop the bastion. It has 52 small and big bastions along with two main entrances. The fort temple and dargah were declared as protected monuments by the Archaeology Department.

The Kasikund temple constructed on the patterns of the Kasi temple by the Rajput kings has a fresh water spring. There are three other temples dedicated to Rama, Hanuman and Balaji. Behind the fort is the Ashtabuji Mata also known as Jagadamba Mata temple. The Rajput kings used to pray there before going to battle. Inside the forest there are two mosques.

Two natural tanks

Two natural tanks inside the fort used to serve as perennial water sources. The descendants of Rani Sonekunwar Bai, who ruled the area in 19th century, live in Koulas village and leased out cultivable land around the fort till some years ago. The fort in the 16th century fell to the Rajput king Raja Gopal Singh Gaur. He later captured Kandhar and Mahore forts now in Maharashtra.

The two gateways of the fort have the insignia of the Kakatiya dynasty. In the beginning of the 20th century there were more than 10 cannons made of alloy metal and steel. Most of them were shifted to Nanded, Bichkunda and Madnoor police stations. The Navgazi tope (cannon) with its splendid work and metallurgy is a rare one. The Koulas dam is about 20 km away from the fort and attracts a large number of birds in winter.

The credit for bringing the fort into focus goes to former Nizamabad Collector G. Asok Kumar, who prepared an action plan to promote spiritual, eco, cultural and adventure tourism in and around this fort.

Col. Ajit Kumar Singh, who belongs to the Koulas dynasty, also pitched in with his efforts to get it recognised as a tourist destination. Barring the initial euphoria, nothing much has fructified and bad roads and lack of hotels and restaurants are a huge drawback. But, for tourists looking for some adventure and those interested in heritage this fort is a ‘must see.’

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1. Dr K Prabhakar rao - అక్టోబర్ 11, 2015

Kaulas fort has great past history. Bahmani kings and Kapayya Naika of Warangal severely for this fort? Kapayya ruled Telangana after Pratapa Rudra Deva of Kakateeya kingdom. he ceded Kaulas fort to Bahmani kings after an agreement.The fort has been neglected being in backward area. Telangana was once in Maharashtra and now it is with Telangana? The fort must be maintained and made a tourist spot. The original name of this fort was Kali ash which became Kaulas over a period of time.


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