Rise of Hyderabad – K Naresh Kumar ఫిబ్రవరి 13, 2011Posted by M Bharath Bhushan in Andhrapreneurship, Culture, Economy, Hyderabad, Identity, Mulki, politics, regionalism, Settler, Telangana.
Power Politics, February 2011, K Naresh Kumar
THE RISE AND RISE OF HYDERABAD
The state of Andhra Pradesh is divided into three prominent regions based on both historical and geo-physical factors, namely, Telangana, coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema comprising ten, nine and four districts each and hosting population shares of 40.6%, 41.6% and 17.6% respectively.
Hyderabad city, which falls within the Telangana region, is a predominantly urban district which had a population of 3.8 million in 2001 and is expected to host a population of over 4.9 million or about 5.6% of state population in 2010.
Hyderabad urban agglomeration, spread over the districts of Hyderabad, Rangareddy and Medak, is expected to reach a population of 7.3 million or 8.4% of state population in 20101. Telangana region has a slightly larger SC/ST population at 24.7 % compared with 22.3% in coastal Andhra and 19.5% in Rayalaseema. Telangana also has a relatively higher percentage of minorities compared with coastal Andhra.
Coastal Andhra region record a per capita income of Rs.36496 followed by Telangana (including Hyderabad) with a per capita income of Rs. 36082 (Rs.33771 excluding Hyderabad), and Rs.33056 in Rayalaseema at 2007-08 current prices. Rayalaseema draws its income from agriculture to the tune of 25% followed by 24% in coastal Andhra and least in Telangana at 22%.
The overall work participation rate is high at 47.5% in Rayalaseema followed by 46% each in coastal Andhra and Telangana. As expected, the level of urbanization is rather low in all regions – Telangana (22%) and 25 % in coastal Andhra and 23% in Rayalaseema. Therefore, Hyderabad district which is fully urbanized has grown at the cost of all the three regions and is now central to the economies of the three regions in Andhra Pradesh.
Hyderabad district is fully urbanized and is coterminous with Hyderabad city since long. In fact the city of Hyderabad has now grown beyond its district borders. The spillover effect of the growth of Hyderabad is strongly felt in the Rangareddy and Medak districts as well.
Hyderabad being dominantly urban with a concentration of manufacturing, business and both public and private services sector activities, the per capita income has always been high, yet in 1993-94 it was coastal Andhra which had the highest per capita income of 12809 at 1999-2000 prices and Telangana excluding Hyderabad city had lowest per capita income at `11391.
However, by the year 2007-8, Hyderabad city experienced extraordinarily high growth in per capita income and reached Rs.39145 level; the remaining regions also experienced growth so as to reach for example, Rs.26655 in coastal Andhra, Rs.25237 in Telangana (excluding Hyderabad) and Rs.23860 in Rayalaseema.
A correct picture of the economic performance can be well understood by reviewing the rate of growth. By 2000-1 and 2007-8, the whole of AP experienced an average per capita income growth of 58%; during this same period Hyderabad recorded the highest growth to the tune of 77%, followed by Telangana region excluding Hyderabad at 60%, Rayalaseema at 58% and coastal Andhra at 54% which was the least.
It can be clearly observed that Telangana region has experienced unprecedented growth from 1993-94 onwards and also that the absolute levels of income between regions do not differ much from a national perspective.
This, in a nutshell, is the shadow boxing over Hyderabad and Telangana!
Statistics source: Srikrishna Committee Report, December 2010.
Excerpt from United Andhra Pradesh Or Telangana As India’s 29th State?