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Telangana : A Struggle for Identity, in Perpetuity… డిసెంబర్ 13, 2009

Posted by Telangana Utsav in 1969, agitation, Andhra, Congress, Culture, Economy, elections, G.O 610, Hindu, Hyderabad, Identity, movement, Mulki, Muslim, politics, Rayalaseema, Review, Six Point Formula, Sonia, struggle, TDP, Telangana, TRS.
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Pioneer, Sunday Dec 13, 2009
Book Review

A Struggle for Identity, in Perpetuity…

Telangana: The State of Affairs, a brilliant compendium of nine writings by different authors at different points in time over the past four decades, is an attempt to highlight the myriad aspects of the Telangana issue currently grabbing headlines, writes Omer Farooq

The recent fast unto death by Telangana Rashtra Samiti president and Member of the Lok Sabha K Chandrasekhara Rao to press the Central Government to grant statehood to the region of Telangana in Andhra Pradesh, has once again propelled the issue into national prominence, stirring public opinion at large.

Armed with his brilliant skills of rhetoric, fiery oratory — mixed with colourful Telangana idiom — and some clever political strategising, Rao has emerged as a power to reckon with in the Telangana region over the past decade. However, if his success lies in the fact that he successfully revived and brought the dormant issue of Telangana to the political centrestage after a long gap of about 30 years, his failure has been his inability to sustain the movement. This, because of his reliance on electoral politics and lobbying in the corridors of power in Delhi, in the process getting sucked into the system instead of fighting against it.

Telangana: The State of Affairs, a brilliant compendium of nine writings by different authors at different points in time over the past four decades, is an attempt to highlight the various aspects of the issue of Telangana: The yearning of the local people with a distinct linguistic and cultural identity for a separate State of their own after the end of the rule of the Nizams over the region; their hesitation and opposition to the idea of merging their relatively prosperous territory with the Andhra region (coastal Andhra plus Rayalaseema or Sircar region); the sense of political subjugation, economic exploitation and social marginalisation; and, their overall deprivation at the hands of “Andhrites” with a different linguistic and cultural identity, leading to the resurgence of their struggle from time to time in various forms, notably the violent agitation of 1969 in which more than 300 people died — all this and more is brought out succinctly in this volume.

As the editors have put it in their introduction, while recent literature has contributed to the enrichment of the Telangana debate, “one drawback is that most of the available material in print about Telangana can be accessed only by readers of Telugu. The other problems is that it is mostly about Telangana’s past (the struggle, sacrifices, and deceit of coastal rulers), discrimination of the region in budgetary allocations and projects or need to defeat anti-Telangana forces in the ensuing polls.”

However, the anthology falls short on the promise of providing solid statistical data on how the people of Telangana have suffered injustice at the hands of successive Governments in terms of exploitation of their water and other resources to the benefit of other regions, how local people were deprived of their due share in Government jobs despite numerous guarantees and protections like the Gentlemen’s Agreement in 1956, the Six Point Formula of 1973, after the gains of the 1969 agitation were undermined by self-seeking politicians, and more recently the GO 610.

To highlight the injustice wrought on the region, it is often pointed out that in the six decade long history of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana did not get the post of Advocate General in High Court even once. Late YS Rajasekhara Reddy had famously told agitating TRS legislators: “You need to have a trusted man in that position.”

The volume has several other figures to fortify the argument of injustice and neglect. As per the 2001-02 figures, there was not a single district collector from Telangana in 23 districts while 10 of them were from coastal Andhra. The situation has only worsened since and statistics need to be updated continuously to make the case stronger, be it on the issue of lack of irrigation facilities in the region and diversion of its river waters to other regions or discrimination in budget allocations and recruitment in jobs.

One interesting chapter is the report of the State Reorganisation Commission of 1955 headed by Fazl Ali which had upheld the objections of the people of Telangana to their merger with the Andhra region. The commission had pointed out that at the time Telangana’s land revenue and excise revenue was higher. The apprehensions of the Telangana people, that their revenue resources will be diverted for the development of Andhra, proved prophetic in due course. The commission had recommended delaying the merger and christening Telangana region as Hyderabad State by including 10 districts of the region plus Bidar (which was later given to Karnataka).

Apart from bringing together the writings of national and international scholars, N Venugopal, a journalist, analyst and critic, and M Bharath Bhushan, a development sector specialist with NGOs, have also made their own contributions to the collection on the issues of regional discrimination, identity, history of movements and the role of political parties.

The anthology repeatedly points out that politicians and political parties have consistently let down the people of Telangana and betrayed their faith — be it Marri Channa Reddy, who after leading the Jai Telangana movement of 1969-70 and sweeping the subsequent elections merged his sub-regional party with the Congress or K Chandrasekhara Rao who by joining the UPA Government at the Centre and the Congress Government in Andhra Pradesh undermined the very movement he had built on so painstakingly.

Last but not the least, the collection has two interesting short stories — one of them by former Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao. ‘Golla Ramavva’, which Rao had written in the 1940s under the penname Vijaya has a young protagonist waging armed struggle against Turkas or Turks (colloquial word for Muslims still used in Telangana), Razakar (militia force) and the Nizam. He wears half-pants and carries a revolver!

The other story, ‘Bhoomi’ by Allam Rajayya, beautifully describes the struggle of the impoverished and oppressed farmers of Telangana in the mid-70s. The message is clear — nothing has changed as far as the poor peasantry is concerned except the exploiters. If in the 1940s it was colonial rule, after Independence it has passed on to the Doras or feudal landlords.

http://www.dailypioneer.com/222241/A-Struggle-for-Identityin-Perpetuity.html

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1. Telangana : A Struggle for Identity, in Perpetuity… « Telangana … | Telugu News Station - డిసెంబర్ 14, 2009

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2. Vinod Kumar - డిసెంబర్ 15, 2009

సల్ల సల్లగ లేవుర మన బ్రతుకులు తమ్ముడా
మెల మెల్లగా సాగర తెలంగాణా వీరుడా

పల్లెల్లని పాడుబడ్డై
నీలు లేక నల్ల బడ్డాయి.
పాలమూరు పాడాయే
కరీంనగర్ కుళ్ళి పాయె
ఆదిలాబాదు అరవబట్టే
నిజామాబాదు నల్లగొండ
ఖమ్మములో కరువోచ్చే
వరంగల్లు వంటింట్లో కుండలు కొట్లాడబట్టే
మెదకేమో మోడుబారే కండ్లెంబడి నీళుకారే
తాగానీకే కరువాయే కనీల్లె ఎరాయే

సల్ల సల్లగ లేవుర మన బ్రతుకులు తమ్ముడా
మెల మెల్లగా సాగర తెలంగాణా వీరుడా

అభివృద్ధి అంటాడు
అంత మీకే ఆంటాడు
ఆ ప్రాజెక్ట్ అంటాడు ఈ ప్రాజెక్ట్ అంటాడు
ఆరేళ్ళు గడచిపాయే అరలీటరు తేకపాయే
మట్టి కుండ ఆస సూపి ఎండి బిందె ఎత్క పాయె

సల్ల సల్లగ లేవుర మన బ్రతుకులు తమ్ముడా
మెల మెల్లగా సాగర తెలంగాణా వీరుడా

లగడగాడు జగడమాడే
టి జి గాడు పేచి పెట్టె
ఆడు ఈడు ఎగరబట్టే
మన బ్రతుకులు మనకంటే
కండ్లేందుకు మండబట్టే

సల్ల సల్లగ లేవుర మన బ్రతుకులు తమ్ముడా
మెల మెల్లగా సాగర తెలంగాణా వీరుడా

3. Vinod Kumar - డిసెంబర్ 15, 2009

రగులుతుంది తెలంగాణా రుధిరా ధారా కారంగా |2 |
పిలుస్తుంది తెలంగాణా కర్ణబేరి పెలంగా |2 |
కదలరా సోదర తెలంగాణా తల్లిరా |2 |
తల్లి చేరాను విడిపించు ఆంధ్రులు చెలరేగంగా |2 |

బాగో బాగో ఆంధ్రవాలే బాగో…… జాగో జాగో తెలంగాణా జాగో…….
బాగో బాగో ఆంధ్రవాలే బాగో…… జాగో జాగో తెలంగాణా జాగో…….

నీ ఆస్తులేమైన మేము అడుగుతున్నామా
నీ అయ్య ముల్లెమైన కూరుతున్నమా…… |2 |
మానీరు, మా నేల, మా కొలువులు కావలి |2 |
మా యాస మా బాష మన్ననలు పొందాలి |2 |
మా హక్కులు అడుగుతుంటే అంత చులకన
వెటకారపు మాటలతో అవహేలనా….. |2 |

బాగో బాగో ఆంధ్రవాలే బాగో…… జాగో జాగో తెలంగాణా జాగో…….
బాగో బాగో ఆంధ్రవాలే బాగో…… జాగో జాగో తెలంగాణా జాగో…….

సాగదు సాగదు ఇక మీదట సాగదు|2 |
ఆగదు ఆగదు మా పోరు ఆగదు…|2 |

బాగో బాగో ఆంధ్రవాలే బాగో…… జాగో జాగో తెలంగాణా జాగో…….
బాగో బాగో ఆంధ్రవాలే బాగో…… జాగో జాగో తెలంగాణా జాగో…….


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