Politics of smaller states in India – Kunal Majumder ఫిబ్రవరి 24, 2012Posted by bharath in BJP, Congress, Culture, Economy, GHMC, heritage, Hyderabad, Identity, MIM, Mulki, Muslim, Nizam, politics, regionalism, Settler, Telangana, TRS.
Tags: Bundelkhand, Paschhimanchal, Poorvanchal, Srikrishna Committee, Uttarakhand, Vidarbha
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Support for and opposition to the creation of new states in India is often politically motivated
The politics of smaller states in India
In the last reorganization of states in 2000, three new states were created – Jharkhand from Bihar, Uttarakhand from UP and Chhattisgarh from Madhya Pradesh. But did that solve any problems? Kunal Majumder
Two months before state elections were due in India’s largest province Uttar Pradesh (UP), Chief Minister Mayawati surprised her opponents with the announcement that she wanted to divide the state into four parts – a Poorvanchal in eastern UP, Paschhimanchal in the west, Bundelkhand in the south and Awadh in central UP.
With the elections approaching and allegations of corruption against her mounting, Mayawati’s critics say she had only tried to divert people’s attention. But that did not work. In a country where there are already more than a dozen movements for separate states, she failed to start another four.
Many of the demands for new states in India are based on ethnicity. The most recent of them was the demand for Telangana in Andhra Pradesh. For months the state saw bloodless agitations. The capital Hyderabad was brought to a standstill. Home minister P Chidambaram had initially accepted the proposal, but backed out later. The government set up a committee that came up with seven options. The new point of contention was, who will get Hyderabad? The capital of the Nizam’s princely state, the city has seen a lot of development in the last few years and generates a large revenue for the state government. It falls in Telengana region but also has an identity of its own. Home to Urdu-speaking Muslims, the elite and representatives of Hyderabad simply refuse to become part of the economically backward Telangana. They demanded a separate union territory status. (more…)