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G.O. Ms 610 – Mulki Rules, Six Point Formula, Presidential Order 1975 & Settlers Question జూన్ 15, 2007

Posted by Telangana Utsav in Articles, English.



SIX POINT FORMULA – Andhra Pradesh Public Employment (Organisation of Local Cadres & Regulation of Direct Recruitment) Order, 1975 – Alleged violation in the implementation of Six Point Formula in Zones V to VI – Rectification – Order – Issued 


G.O.Ms.No.610                                  Dated the 30-12- 1985 

                                                                Read the following 

1.G.O.Ms.No.674, G. A. (SPF-A) Dept., dated 20-10-1975.

2.G.O.P.No.728, G. A. (SPF-A) Dept., dated 01-11-1975.

3.G.O.P.No.729, G. A. (SPF-A) Dept., dated 01-11-1975.

4. From the President, Telangana Non-Gazetted Officers Union, letter dated 05-12-1985 

* * *

O R D E R: 

The G.O. 1st read above, which is generally known as Presidential Order contains principles regarding Organisation of Local Cadres allotment of personnel of the various Departments to the various local cadres, method of direct recruitment to the various categories, inter-local cadre in transfers etc. of the employees holding those posts.  In the G.Os 2nd and 3rd read above clarificatory instructions were issued regarding procedure for implementation of the various provisions of the Presidential Order.  

2.         In accordance with the provisions of the Presidential Order, local cadres have been organized to the various categories of posts in all Government Departments and allotment of personnel was made as per the guidelines contained in paragraph 4 of the said order. 

3.         In the representation 4th cited, the President, Telangana Non-Gazetted Officers Union has represented that certain allotments have been made in violation of the provisions of the Presidential Order.   4.         The Government after carefully examining the issues raised in the representation and after having wide ranging discussion with the representatives of the Union have entered into an agreement with the Telangana Non-Gazetted Officers Union on 07-12-1985. 5.         As per the terms of agreement the following orders are issued: (1)     The employees allotted after 18-10-1975 to Zones V & VI in violation of zonalisation of local cadres under the Six Point Formula will be repatriated to their respective zones by 31-03-1986 by creating supernumerary posts wherever necessary. 

(2)     In respect of Jurala, Srisailam Left Canal and Sriramsagar Project Stage-II, all the staff in the Non-Gazetted categories both technical and non-technical including Asst. Executive Engineers (formerly JEs) coming under zonalisation of local cadres under the Presidential Order of 1975 who were posted to the projects from outside zones V and VI after 01-03-1983, will be retransferred to their respective zones and posted either in existing vacancies in various Government Establishments in those zones or in supernumerary posts where vacancies are not available.  Towards this the Government will also move the Government of India for seeking amendment to Government of India’s notification G.S.R. 525(E) dated 28-06-1985 to give retrospective effect to this order with effect from 01-03-1983. 

(3)     (a) In respect of appeals filed against orders of allotment made under paragraph 4 of the Presidential Order of 1975 to the competent authority in time and where such appeals are still pending disposal, all such cases where details are furnished by the T.N.G.Os Union or individuals, shall be disposed of by 31-03-1986. 

(b)      As a result of the above exercise, consequential vacancies if any, arising shall be filled up as per the procedure laid down under the Presidential Order. 

(4)     In respect of first level Gazetted posts in certain Departments which are outside the purview of the Presidential Order, action should be taken to review the question of inclusion of such posts also in the scheme of localization and the matter should be taken up with the Government of India for suitable amendment to the said order. 

(5)     The posts in Institutions/Establishment notified in G.S.R. No.526 (E) dated:18-10-1975 shall be filled up by drawing persons on tenure basis from different local cadres on an equitable basis as per the orders issued in the G.O. 3rd read above. 

(6)     The provision in Para 5(2) (c) of the Presidential Order relating to inter-local cadre transfers shall be strictly implemented and such transfers shall be effected only under exceptional circumstances in public interest. 

(7)     Action will be initiated in the concerned departments in cases brought to their notice regarding bogus registrations in Employment Exchanges. 

(8)     On receipt of complaints, if any, made by the TNGOs Union relating to irregular allotments of candidates particularly to Zones V and VI in the category of Village Assistants the concerned department shall take up the matter with the A.P. Public Service Commission and take such measures as may be necessary to rectify the irregular allotments made if any. 

(9)     The possibility of allotting persons from within the same zone/multi-zone against non-local vacancy in a particular local cadre will be examined in consultation with the APPSC. 

(10)    The T.N.G.Os Union will furnish to Government the service/ categories where for want of trained personnel, non-local candidates are being appointed in zones V and VI so that Government can provide training facilities in respect of such services/categories with a view to providing adequate opportunities for recruitment and appointment of local candidates in zones V and VI. 

(11)    The Departments of Secretariat shall complete the review of appointments/promotions made under the Presidential Order as required under Para 13 of the said order, by 30-06-1986. 

(12)  (a) Immediate action will be taken to finalise the Common Gradation List in respect of Assistant Engineers (Presently Dy. E.Es) as on 01-11-1956, following the prescribed procedure under the S.R. Act. 1956. 

(b) In respect of former Junior Engineers (Presently Asst.E.Es) the common gradation list published by the Government was quashed by the A.P. Administrative Tribunal and the Government had gone in appeal to the Supreme Court.  Effective measures will be taken for the disposal of the matter before the Supreme Court, expeditiously. 

(13)    The matter relating to allotment of 7 non-local personnel in the cadre of Inspector of Local Fund Audit belonging to Zones I to IV, allotted to Zones-V and VI against their options, will be examined by the Department concerned keeping in view of the provisions of the Presidential Order.  

(14)    The question of repatriation of 13 Deputy Executive Engineers of the Public Health Department working in the city of Hyderabad to Zones I to IV will be considered by the Department concerned keeping in view the provisions of the Presidential Order.

6.         The Departments of Secretariat who are concerned with the terms shall take immediate necessary steps to implement the orders in consultation with Law/General Administration Department, if necessary, about the legal implications/interpretation of the provisions of the Presidential Order.

(BY ORDER AND IN THE NAME OF THE GOVERNOR OF ANDHRA PRADESH)                                                                     



To All Secretaries to Govt.

All Departments of Secretariat 









Letter No.06/86/OMC(A.1)2002-1,                                Dt : 01-11-2002 



One Man Commission (SPF)

General Administration Department

‘K’ Block, 2nd Floor, Room No. 327A.P. Secretariat, Hyderabad 


The Secretary to Government

General Administration (Services) Department

A.P. Secretariat Hyderabad 


Sub : SPF – Presidential Order (OMC) – Gazetting of posts after the issue of Presidential Order  - Reg. 

Ref : OMC (SPF) Preliminary Report submitted to the Government in October, 2001. 

*        *        *

Kindly refer Commission’s Preliminary report, Preliminary Finding Nos. 12A to 12D with particular reference to sub-Para (ii) of Para 2.28.0 of the Preliminary Finding 12A (xerox copy of the finding is enclosed for ready reference).  After this Report, the Commission has had occasion to hold meetings with the Officers of the Heads of the Departments to find out about the deviations if any from the Presidential Order.  One of the most important issues that has come to the notice of the Commission is that in many departments the posts which were hitherto Non-gazetted before 18-10-1975, the date of the Presidential Order, have been made Gazetted either with the same designation or with some change of designation.  As Non-Gazetted posts these were zonal posts with 70% preference for local candidates.  On becoming Gazetted, the posts become State-wide posts and also lose the preference for the local candidates.  Thus, through this process the Presidential Order is getting diluted in respect of many important posts at the zonal level and local candidates of all the zones are losing the advantage of localisation and preference.  Apart from the posts that have come to the notice of this Commission, the Commission understands that there is a demand from many Service Associations for Gazetting some of their posts and that these demands have been referred to Anomalies Commission for examination.  The Anomalies Commission will no doubt examine the administrative and other aspects of the demands for making the posts Gazetted.  But the one aspect that needs to be safeguarded is that when a post is Gazetted or any change is made in a post, its original local character should be preserved so that the Presidential Order is not diluted and local candidates’ interests are not adversely affected.  It is found that some of the posts which were gazetted after 18-10-1975 were got included by the Government in the Third Schedule of the Presidential Order in the category of Specified Gazetted Posts.  One finds from the Third Schedule that even up to 1993 some posts were added to this category, but not all the posts that have been gazetted to-date have been added to this category. 

Adding to the Third Schedule of Presidential Order under the category of Specified Gazetted Posts only preserves the zonal character of the post, but that brings no solace to the local candidates because the preference for local candidates does not apply to all the posts which are included in this category excepting for a few posts like Tahsildars and Assistant Engineers etc., in this Schedule which were originally given the preference of 60% for local candidates.  Thus inclusion to this category also does not restore the local candidate preference of 70% which is lost when a Non-Gazetted post is Gazetted.  In many of the cases that have come before the Commission, the posts have not even been brought to the Specified Gazetted Category after being gazetted so that even the zonal character is lost.  In two cases: one of the Forest Range Officer in the Forest Department and another of Prohibition and Excise Inspectors, the proposal for inclusion in the Third Schedule as Specified Gazetted Category Posts was even rejected by the Government of India.  On the latter case this Commission has written to you already. 

This process of gazetting is resulting in consequences which are against the principle enunciated in the Preliminary Findings cited above. You may kindly recall that this particular finding had found favour with the Cabinet Sub-Committee in the presence of the Hon’ble Chief Minister, who had also agreed with it in principle.  This was also presented before the Cabinet.  It is therefore more or less an agreed principle.  The reason for the recommendations in these findings cited above is that if we do not accept the principle of immutability of the local character of the posts as it stood at the time of the Presidential Order, then the Government would find it difficult to deny the demands for expanding the scope of the Presidential Order in so many other dimensions.  This is one of the demands in the G.O.Ms.No.610.  It will be found in G.O.Ms.No.610, one of the demand which the Government had agreed to look into was Para 5(5) and 5(9) which reads as under: 

Para 5(5)The posts in Institutions/Establishment notified in G.S.R.No.526(E), dated 18-10-1975 shall be filled up by drawing persons on tenure basis from different local cadres on an equitable basis as per orders issued in the G.O. 3rd read above. 

Para 5(9)The possibility of allotting persons from within the same zone/multi-zone against non-local vacancy in a particular cadre will be examined in consultation with the APPSC. 

Thereafter, the Services Associations particularly of Telangana have also made demands for extending the Presidential Order to Corporations and other quasi-government organisations which are now outside the Presidential Order.  To put finality to the scope of the Presidential Order this Commission had suggested that we should also accept to put a stop to the abridgement of the scope of the Presidential Order and give an assurance to the Employees Association to this effect, while not expanding its scope. 

The abridgement of the Presidential Order and the leakage of localized posts through this process of gazetting is against the principle that the Presidential Order’s scope shall not be mutated i.e., neither expanded nor abridged.  If it is allowed to be abridged then the counter demands for expansion of the scope cannot be easily ignored. 

In pursuance of this principle of immutability of the local character of a post as it stood on the date of the Presidential Order the Government have taken care to ensure that the posts of the Secondary Grade Teachers were retained as district cadre posts and later on the Government took further action to ensure that the original 80% preference for local candidates was also restored even though the scale of the post had been raised by the 1994 Pay Revision Commission above the level of the LDC Scales, which would normally have made it a zonal post with 70% preference.  Having accepted the principle of immutability and applied it in the case of the Secondary Grade Teachers it is but fair that the same principle be applied wherever there is any administrative action or change that mutates the original local character of a post.  This will give finality and stability to the Presidential Order amidst the dynamics of a progressive and expanding administrative system. 

In pursuance of this principle and in view of the dimensions mentioned above, it is suggested as under :- 

1.       That all the posts that were gazetted after 18-10-1975 should be got included in the Third Schedule to the Presidential Order as Specified Gazetted Categories. This will ensure the zonal character of the posts and retain the zone as “local area” for the posts.

2.       To retain the 70% preference for the local candidates which applied to these posts before being Gazetted as they were Non-Gazetted zonal posts.

3.       In respect of the posts which are pending consideration for being gazetted, if the Gazetted status is granted on administrative grounds then ‘ipso facto’ a reference to the Government of India may be made immediately on the lines mentioned above under (1) and (2) so that their local character is not mutated.

4.       In cases which were referred to the Government of India and have been rejected for inclusion in the Third Schedule i.e., Specified Gazetted Category, the cases may be reopened and action taken as suggested at (1) and (2) above. 

A list of the posts that have come to the notice of the Commission which have been Gazetted with or without changes in designation after the Presidential Order is enclosed.  This list is not exhaustive but information may be collected from all the departments so that in one single reference Government of India’s orders may be obtained. (Please see Annexure-3 herein). 

It is also suggested that the action on this matter may be taken expeditiously particularly in view of the pending demands for gazetting of some posts in some of the departments.                                                                                       

Yours faithfully,                          

Sd/-One Man Commission (SPF)

Copy to

 (1)    Sri S.V. Prasad, IAS, Principal Secretary to Chief Minister, with reference to personal discussion in the matter.

(2)    OMC(SPF-A), GAD with a request to include this under the category of General issues of Gazetting of posts after the issue of Presidential Order.   



Representation of MIM on Girglani Commission Report before the Group of Ministers  

Akbaruddin Owaisi ,                                    

MiM floor Leader in Assembly   

To The Group of Ministers on Implementation of Six-Point Formula Government of Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad, A.P.  

Dear Sirs,  

Subject: Memorandum from All India Majlis-e-Ittehaadul Muslimeen on the implementation of Girglani Commission Report— Regarding.  

With reference to the subject cited, the All India Majlis-e-Ittehaadul Muslimeen has decided to give this representation to the Group of Ministers on the implementation of Girglani Commission’s voluminous report on the gross violations of the Six-Point Formula, Presidential Order and the GO Ms 610 by the successive governments.  

At the outset, we express our serious concern over the gross injustice done to the hapless people of the backward Telangana region despite the assurances trotted out by the successive regimes to fully abide by the Six-Point Formula and Presidential Order on Public Employment. In fact, the successive governments have tended to aggravate the situation by actively pursuing policies and actions in clear violation of the provisions of the SPF and Presidential Order.  


The chairman of the Group of Ministers—Shri M Satyanarayana Rao, Honourable Minister for Endowments—is well aware of the circumstances in which the SPF was announced and the Presidential Order was promulgated. The state had witnessed two violent agitations—firstly in Telangana region during 1969-71 and secondly in Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema region in 1972-73—which claimed scores of innocent lives and led to untold repression on the people by the security forces. It may be recalled that Telangana Praja Samithi swept the Lok Sabha polls in Telangana in 1971 and Shri Satyanarayana Rao was among the 10 MPs elected on TPS banner out of the 14 in the region. The TPS contested the polls on the plank of separate Telangana state. Subsequently, Congress leaders in coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema, seeking separate Andhra state, spearheaded the Jai Andhra movement.  

During both these violent agitations, the AIMIM adopted a clear-cut stand against bifurcation of the state. The AIMIM stood for an integrated Andhra Pradesh, much before the votaries of separate Telangana merged the Telangana Praja Samithi back into the Congress and the Jai Andhra protagonists had no qualms in rejoining the Congress. It was the AIMIM’s stand that was vindicated by the developments that followed both these separatist agitations.  

As you are aware, a political settlement was hammered out in the wake of these separatist agitations. The Six Point Formula was evolved by the AP leaders in consultation with the Central leaders and formally announced on 21-09-1973 with the avowed objective of removing the misgivings then prevailing about the future of the (integrated) state. The SPF, inter alia, provided for giving preference to local candidates to specified extent in the matter of direct recruitment to non-gazetted posts in certain categories, corresponding posts under the local bodies and the posts of tahsildars, junior engineers and civil assistant surgeons. The same Point III of the SPF also provided for organizing the service cadres to the extent possible on appropriate local basis upto specified gazetted level to improve their promotion prospects. Furthermore, as per a clarificatory statement issued later, 80 percent of the Class-IV posts, 70 percent of the non-gazetted posts and 60 percent of the Gazetted posts are earmarked for local candidates.  

Necessary amendments were made to the Constitution by the Government of India through insertion of Article 371-D which, inter alia, authorized the President of India to make special provisions with respect to AP for equitable opportunities and facilities for the people belonging to different parts of the state in the matter of public employment and education. Consequent to the Constitutional Amendment, the Presidential Order — AP Public Employment (Organisation of Local Cadres and Regulation of Direct Recruitment) Order– was issued on 20-10-1975. It was incorporated by the Government of AP in General Administration (SPF) Department Go Ms No 674 dated 20-10-1975. To facilitate the implementation of the Presidential Order on public employment, detailed instructions were issued in GO P No.728 (GA, SPF-A Department) dated 1-11-1975. GO Ms No 741 was issued on 7-11-1975 to regulate promotions etc.  

However, a severe blow was dealt to the government employees, particularly from Telangana, during the tenure of the then Chief Minister Shri Jalagam Vengala Rao (who incidentally hailed from Khammam district in Telangana) when he ordered the compulsory retirement of as many as 11,000 employees, taking advantage of the national emergency imposed by the then Prime Minister Mrs Indira Gandhi in June 1975. It is also another matter that most of the employees forcibly retired at that time happened from among the minority communities. On the other hand, while implementing the SPF, three development boards were created. Shri C Jagannatha Rao was made chairman of Telangana Development Board. Shri K B Narasappa headed Rayalaseema Development Board and Shri R Dasaratharami Reddy became the chairman of Andhra Development Board. Dr M Channa Reddy, who headed the TPS earlier, was appointed as Governor of Uttar Pradesh in October 1974. Former Chief Minister Shri Kasu Brahmananda Reddy was inducted at Home Minister at the Centre. 

Another severe blow was administered to the government employees when, soon after the Telugu Desam Party came to power following the 1983 Assembly elections, the then Chief Minister Shri N T Rama Rao reduced the retirement age from 58 years to 55 years. Almost 58,000 employees were affected by this draconian and ill-conceived decision. Most of the employees who were retired en masse consequent to reduction in retirement age were from Telangana region. Incidentally, it was during Shri N T Rama Rao’s tenure that government employees from Rayalaseema region voiced their grievances over injustice done to them in the implementation of SPF. After the issue was discussed in the State Assembly in February 1984, the then government constituted an All-Party Committee in March 1984 to examine the grievances being voiced regarding lapses in the implementation of SPF in relation to public employment and inequitable employment opportunities in the three regions.  

The brief of the All-Party Committee was to suggest measures to allay misgivings and to recommend ameliorative and corrective steps to ensure equitable opportunities in the matter of public employment and implementation of SPF. A four-member Committee of Officials was appointed in May 1984 to go into the issue and it submitted its report. Thereafter, in August 1984, the then government decided to appoint a full-time One-man Commission with Shri V Sundaresan, retired IAS official, to examine and recommend measures for rectification of lapses in the implementation of SPF. The Rayalaseema Employees Association represented to the Officers Committee that their region (Zone IV) was deprived of 50,664 posts in violation of the Presidential Order. Telangana NGOs Union represented to the government on 5-12-1985, alleging large scale arbitrary allotment of non-local employees to local cadres and claiming that 40,000 employees of other regions were posted to the local cadres in Telangana region in violation of Presidential Order in Zones V and VI (Telangana). Neither the Officers Committee nor Sundaresan Committee established the veracity of these figures but admitted that there were gross violations of the SPF and the Presidential Order.  

GO Ms No. 610 was issued on 30.12.1985, inter alia, stipulating that the employees allotted after 18.10.1975 to Zones V and VI in violation of zonalisation of local cadres under SPF be repatriated to their respective zones by 31.3.1986, by creating supernumerary posts wherever necessary. The GO also stipulated that the departments of secretariat should complete the review of appointments/ promotions made under the Presidential Order by 30-6-1986 

A glaring lacuna is that no separate mechanism at the government level has been mooted to monitor the implementation of GO Ms 610. For the multifarious posts in various departments, action was to be taken at various levels by the government. In some cases, representations by the individuals or by their unions had to be made to the competent authorities for redressal of their grievances. Virtually, no action was taken for repatriation of the employees belonging to other zones allotted to zones V & VI.  

 Current situation:  

Thus, this is not the first time that the violations of SPF and Presidential Order on Public Services have been noticed. Such violations have virtually been going on since 1975 itself. The situation has worsened over the last three decades, with successive governments, particularly those belonging to Telugu Desam (firstly under N T Rama Rao and thereafter under N Chandrababu Naidu) flouting SPF and Presidential Order with impunity. Such blatant violations of safeguards for Telangana people have only served to arouse regional passions in this volatile, backward region. The process was repeated during Chandrababu’s tenure. After Shri K Chandrasekhar Rao raked up the issue of non-implementation of GO Ms 610 and started Telangana Rashtra Samithi to fight for the cause of separate Telangana state, the then Telugu Desam regime had no option but to sit up and take notice.  

As you are aware, the then government convened an all-party meeting on the implementation of SPF in Zones V & VI pursuant to G O Ms No 610 on June 15, 2001. Subsequently, the government constituted the One Man Commission with Shri J M Girglani, retired bureaucrat, on June 25, 2001 to enquire into the implementation of GO Ms 610 and to suggest follow-up action for rectification of defects, anomalies and deviations. The issue was raised as calling attention motion under rule 74 in the State Assembly on 29.12.2001 on the implementation of the SPF. The members were agitated over the non-implementation of the GO issued way back in 1985 and they pointed out that injustice was done to the locals in the matter or appointments due to non-implementation of the GO.  

On their demand, a House Committee was constituted to go into the issue of non-implementation of GO Ms 610 and suggest measures for repatriation of non-local employees to their respective regions (coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema). The House Committee, headed by the then Telugu Desam member R Prakash Reddy, in its interim report submitted on 17-3-2003, pointed out several violations of SPF in the matter of recruitments to the zonal posts in Excise, Police, Stamps and Registration, Education, Housing, Panchayat Raj, Irrigation and Industries Departments. In its second report, the House Committee recommended repatriation of 4,700 constables of the city police who were identified as “non-locals.” In fact, the second report was submitted days before the dissolution of the previous Assembly on November 14, 2003 and hence it could not be pursued. The House Committee unanimously recommended that the non-locals, who were appointed in the posts earmarked for the locals, against the SPF, should be repatriated to their respective zones with immediate effect. Prakash Reddy recently admitted that the legal adviser to the previous government had misled the House Committee on the violations.  

For more than two decades since 1983, there has been a general ban on recruitment to public services in the state, except in Education Department, Police Department and the Medical and Health Department. The successive governments have only been recruiting teachers, police personnel and medical staff while filling up some vacancies in the other departments. Much of the recruitment in the Education, Police and Health Departments has been done in violation of the Presidential Order. Similarly, many vacancies at higher levels were filled up in various departments either through promotions or transfers, in utter violation of SPF. Moreover, due to en masse retirement of government employees consequent to the reduction in retirement age in 1983 and the annual attrition in staff strength on account of the retirement of employees on attaining age of superannuation, thousands of employees have retired in the last two decades. The vacancies at higher levels were filled through promotion and transfers but the vacant posts at the lower levels have remained unfilled. Thus, more violations of SPF and Presidential Order have taken place in the matter of recruitment, promotions and transfers in these years, thereby causing grave injustice to the local people of Telangana region.  

It is difficult to quantify the data on the number of non-locals recruited, promoted or transferred in violation of SPF and on the continuance of non-locals in local posts in violation of GO Ms 610 in Telangana region. According to the Joint Action Committee of Unions of Telangana Employees, Teachers and Workers, Telangana people have lost about two lakh jobs on account of willful violations and non-implementation of SPF, Presidential Order, Gentlemen’s Agreement and Mulki Rules by the successive governments in the last five decades since the formation of Andhra Pradesh on November 1, 1956 

Girglani Commission Report 

The Girglani Commission submitted its preliminary report on 6-10-2001 on implementation of GO Ms 610. The Commission submitted its final report on the deviations in the implementation of the Presidential Order and making suggestions on safeguards to set right injustices and anomalies. The Final Report, comprising  716 pages spread over three volumes, was handed to the government on September 30, 2004. The Assembly’s winter session was held in December 2004 but the state government chose not to table the report in the House at that time. Four-and-a-half months after the Final Report was received, the government laid it on the table of the Assembly on February 16, 2004. The brief, one-page action taken report merely mentioned that the government has constituted the seven-member Group of Ministers to examine the Report. The first meeting was held on 11-1-2005 and it was decided to communicate the Report to all the departments of secretariat for their examination and to furnish their suggestions/ proposals pertaining to their departments.  

Normally, the ATR indicates the follow-up action taken by the government on the findings and recommendations of an Inquiry Commission appointed under the Commission of Inquiries Act. In the instant case, the only follow-up action that the government has taken is the nomination of a group of ministers and dispatching the copies of the reports to the departments at the Secretariat level. This explains the callousness and casual approach of the Congress government, which promised in the poll manifesto on the eve of 2004 Assembly elections to implement the GO Ms 610 in letter and spirit.  

Only the Home Minister Shri K Jana Reddy and the Home Department have evinced some interest in initiating action on the Girglani Commission’s findings and suggestions. The Home Minister announced recently that the government has decided to repatriate to their home districts as many as 3,150 police personnel who have been working in Hyderabad and Cyberabad Commissionerates in violation of SPF and GO Ms 610. The Home Minister, however, clarified that such repatriation would be done in phases to avoid administrative, departmental and legal problems. Moreover, no methodology or time-limit has been specified for repatriation of personnel to their respective zones. It is unfortunate that other ministers and departments have maintained stoic silence on the issue and not taken any action on the Girglani Commission report so far.  

Our party sees Girglani Commission report as “an eye-opener” on the gross injustice done to the people of Telangana region all these decades. Our party gives credence to the contention of TNGOs Union that as many as 60,000 non-locals from other regions are working in various departments in Telangana region in violation of SPF, Presidential Order and GO Ms 610. It is our considered view that the Presidential Order on reservations to local candidates has been grossly violated in Telangana and thousands of ‘settlers’ have grabbed the government jobs in Hyderabad, Rangareddy and other eight Telangana districts. It is all the more painful to note that those who have been willfully denying rightful employment to locals in Telangana in the name of an integrated AP have chosen to subvert the work of Girglani Commission in various ways. Not even one-third of the 134 -odd departments furnished data to Girglani Commission. If all the departments had extended their full cooperation, the Commission would have brought to light startling facts on the injustice meted out to Telangana since the formation of Andhra Pradesh on November 1, 1956 

Our views on specific findings of Girglani Commission:  

The Commission had received representations from associations and individuals with regard to injustices done in the enforcement of the Presidential Order and not merely in the implementation of GO Ms 610. The Commission gave its findings on each representation separately to the concerned departments with a request to take action and intimate the same to the Commission. Regrettably, the Commission did not receive any reports of compliance in any case from the departments concerned.  We fully concur with the suggestions of the Commission that a regular nodal or monitoring agency like the General Administration (SPF) Department should be entrusted with the responsibility of follow-up action on the proceedings issued by the Commission on individual petitions. The government should act immediately on the suggestion of the Commission by addressing all the departments that the concerned authorities must comply with the findings of the Commission and report such compliance to General Administration (SPF) Department. This responsibility can be passed on to the special monitoring cell announced by the previous government in July 2003. The Special Cell was mooted to receive complaints/ petitions on the violations of GO Ms 610 which provides for repatriation of non-local government employees working in Telangana region contrary to provisions of the SPF. To do its job effectively, the Cell needs to be empowered to redress genuine complaints about transgression of GO Ms 610. It must have the powers to rectify irregularities in respect of appointments, transfers and promotions.  

Our party endorses the recommendation of the House Committee on GO Ms 610 that all recruitments, transfers and promotions in the government departments should be cleared by the Special Cell.  

The Girglani Commission has pointed out numerous instances wherein the Presidential Order was ignored, skirted, bypassed or circumvented through wrong application or misapplication of some provisions. All the deviations, contraventions and violations noticed by the Commission in the course of its inquiries, hearings and meetings have been listed out in detail. The Commission has brought out as many as 150 different types of deviations or ‘maladies’ which have occurred over the years, covering the tenures of many regimes, mainly through seven sources. 

Moreover, the Commission has given its findings and suggested appropriate remedial action for each specific deviation. We endorse the Commission’s recommendation that there should be immediate and effective action on the Commission’s proceedings on individual petitions.

We also endorse the Commission’s suggestion that there should be immediate and effective action to put an end to the various deviations so that in the future, the Presidential Order would not be subverted either deliberately or through unpardonable ignorance. Also, strong deterrent action should be instituted against officials if there is any indication of gross lapse, mala fides, bias, favouritism or recalcitrant persistence in deviations on their part.  The Commission noted that a very important cause for the violations of SPF and Presidential Order has been the absence of any mechanism for either ongoing control or monitoring system or inspections, lack of post-factor monitoring system and absence of a nodal agency to guide and control the implementation of the Presidential Order. Absence of a legislative committee like Public Accounts Committee for monitoring the implementation of SPF also tended to create an attitude of indifference and callousness with a sense of immunity and impunity in the implementation of the Presidential Order over the last three decades.  In particular, we are fully in agreement with the Girglani Commission on its recommendation pertaining to mechanism to ensure implementation and monitoring of Presidential Order (Chapter-14, page 183 of First Volume of Final Report).

The Commission has suggested that the fundamental safeguard for the Presidential Order would be to categorically declare through a government order the sanctity and immutability of local character of a post or category of posts as on 18-10-1975 and the scope of the Presidential Order as originally promulgated on 18-10-1975. The Commission has spelt out the framework of safeguards and suggested immediate and impact measures as well as long-term measures. These have been elucidated in detail and the government will do well to follow these suggestions in letter and spirit.

The Commission noted that no safeguards would work unless there is Big Brother watching. Therefore, we endorse the Commission’s recommendation that this vigilance role should be entrusted to a House Committee. At the political executive level, the Commission has suggested constitution of a permanent Cabinet Sub-Committee to oversee the implementation of the SPF. Instead of a special monitoring cell, the Commission has recommended the constitution of an Implementation and Monitoring Authority consisting of experts.  

In summary, the key suggestions of the Girglani Commission should be considered favourably by the State government and necessary follow-up action initiated without further loss of time so that justice is done to the people of Telangana and the gross violations of the Presidential Order and SPF are rectified at the earliest. Also, repatriation of non-locals unauthorisedly working in government posts in Telangana region should be taken up immediately.  

We demand that

(a) a permanent accountability authority for the entire SPF should be established on the lines of Development Councils in the North-eastern Hill states;

(b) a permanent accountability commission should be appointed for SPF like AP BC Commission, AP SC/ST Commission, AP Human Rights Commission, AP Official Language Commission and AP Minorities Commission; and

(c) a Legislature Committee on the lines of existing Committee on Public Accounts, Committee on Estimates ac Committee on Government Assurances should be established to have an ongoing scrutiny regarding the strict implementation of the Presidential Order.  

The Commission has suggested that there should be a system of fixing responsibility and taking disciplinary action in the case of deviations from the Presidential Order. The AP Regulation of Appointments to Public Services and Rationalisation of Staff Pattern and Pay Structure Act 1994 makes violation of this enactment by any officer a criminal offence punishable up to six months of imprisonment. This Act also stipulated penalty for the administrators who violate the Act. These stringent provisions were made in the Act because it involved vital economic aspects of the state. In the same way, the Girglani Commission has recommended a similar legislation on SPF since the Presidential Order involves vital political aspects of the state.  

The government should initiate action against the officials responsible for gross violations of Presidential Order on recruitments by suspending them and launching criminal proceedings against them. First and foremost, the government must take action to stop further deviations and to set aright the maladies, before resuming the normal process of recruitments and promotions.  

Our party demands the constitution of a separate Telangana Public Service Commission to fill up all the vacant posts in the region by selecting local candidates. Till the TPSC is set up, fresh appointments should be stopped.

Our party also supports the other demands of the JAC of Unions of Telangana Employees, Teachers and Workers for 100 per cent appointment of local candidates in the district posts, zonal posts and zonal gazetted posts and for earmarking 40 percent quota in the Secretariat as well as in 204 departments/ state-level directorates/ commissionerates for Telangana employees.

Our party demands that GO Ms 610 should be implemented in all the departments—and not merely the Home Department—without further loss of time.  

We also demand the immediate revival of the Regional Development Boards for the three regions of the state which were abolished without rhyme or reason by the previous Telugu Desam Party government during the stewardship of the then Chief Minister N T Rama Rao in 1983. The earlier Congress government headed by Dr M Channa Reddy had promised to revive these Boards but nothing happened. The Chandrababu Naidu regime had no inclination to revive these Boards. But the Congress government must fulfil the popular demand for revival of these Boards immediately.  

While thanking the Cabinet Sub-Committee on GO Ms 610 for convening this All-Party meeting and affording us the opportunity to present our views on the Girglani Commission report, we earnestly hope that the Cabinet Sub-Committee will take our suggestions seriously and initiate necessary follow-up action.  

With regards,

Akbaruddin Owaisi  

AIMIM Floor Leader

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1. ఈ సమైక్య రాగం ఎవరి మేలు కొరకు? « గుండె చప్పుడు… - జూలై 2, 2007

[...] ఇన్ని జరిగినా స్థానికులకు దక్కాల్సిన ఉద్యోగాలు అడ్డదారిన వేరే ప్రాంతాల వారు కొల్లగొట్టుకుపోతుండటం తో ఎన్.టీ.ఆర్. హయాం లో 30-12- 1985 నాడు స్థానికేతర ఉద్యోగులను re-patriate చెయ్యాలనే 610 జీవో వెలువరించారు. (జీవో ఇక్కడ చదవచ్చు:http://telanganautsav.wordpress.com/2007/06/15/go-ms-610-and-mulki-rules-six-point-formula-president…/) [...]

venkateswarlu - డిసెంబర్ 26, 2009

Demand for implementation of 610 GO. Fight against the corrupted persons who are obstacle to this.

2. m.sridhar reddy, si of police, Nalgonda - ఆగస్ట్ 2, 2007

It is very unfortunate that go 610 is implementing for people belongs to telangana(zone-v) who working in zone-vi. Please stop this and kindly represent on this issue. do justice

3. G.Venkateshwarlu - సెప్టెంబర్ 30, 2007

Miracles of administration

The authorities are making non-local employees as local employees, in mahaboobnagar district one person selected as typest, in the typest cadre his name was shown as non-local in the seniority list, when he was promoted as Senior assistant, his name is showing as local in the seniority list

Mahaboobnagar District administration is giving preferance to the non telegangana people in promotions, irrespective of seniority, they are promoting their interested people, Venkat-Advocate

one person shown non local in the seniority list of typest, the very same person shown as local i.e, native of Mahaboobnagar dist in the cadre of Senior ASsistant, any thing is possible to our Chief Executive Officer, Mahaboobnagar and their stafff.

——–G.Venkateshwarlu advocate

venkateswarlu - డిసెంబర్ 26, 2009

Take action against the responsible person/s involved in making the errors and suspend them.

4. Prabhakar Reddy Tada - నవంబర్ 24, 2008

There are many non locals who are still working in revenue department and education department in Telangana should go back. Substantial number of employees are in these two departments only. Therefore it should be mentioned that they should go back to their regions immediately clearing the way for Telangana people.

venkateswarlu - డిసెంబర్ 26, 2009

Why can you proceed legally for wrong recruitment of non-locals in the local category instead of non-local category.

manohar - ఫిబ్రవరి 9, 2010

Mr. Venkateswarlu,

Andhra politicians are two-tongued animals who does not have any ethics, Telanganites have tried all these years to proceed legally for the injustice done to them, but the power is in the hands of Andhra and Rayalaseema leaders. Enough is Enough We want Telangana State. Common people in Andhra will get justice only when Andhra capital is formed. You can fight for a separate Andhra.

5. Prabhakar Reddy Tada - నవంబర్ 24, 2008

There are many non locals who are still working in revenue and education departments in Karimnagar district of Telangana should go back. Substantial number of employees are in these two departments only. Therefore it should be mentioned that they should be sent to their regions immediately clearing the way for Telangana people.

6. Raj Simon - జనవరి 7, 2010

I came to hyderabad when i was 3 years old and it’s been 30 years and i have my own private company. So, i want to be clear that I am not favoring anybody. I completely support the point of 610 G.O. that telanganites should get their jobs, which they are legally eligible.

However, what is that govt. employee mistake who has been transferred to a telangana region by his/her higher officials or by the government.

Being a netizen, we can read and understand, but how about a telanganite who is not that much educated and have that sense to fight for it in right way.. rather than attacking those Andhra people who are working in Telangana region.

My point is, nobody would like to work or live away from the home town and if they are working, that is only due to some circumstantial reasons. If that is against anybody’s interest, then they have every right to fight for it but in a legal way.

harish - సెప్టెంబర్ 23, 2013

no one is attacking any andhra employees, just protesting for justice, telangana employees waited for almost 28 years for the implementation of the 610go, but it is not implemented, thats why we demanding telangana state

7. shiva - ఫిబ్రవరి 5, 2010

All political parties are doing prastitue politics if they are correct, we don’t want to suffer, every polition want there party carder and position. any one polition is genuine in politics

8. Jagore Telangana - ఫిబ్రవరి 18, 2010

Pls, visit http://www.jagoretelangana.com

Share your voice with Telangana. To Join JTCvoice send SMS:
“JOIN JTCvoice” to 09219592195

Try to join as many as people into this voice group so that we can show the voice count to the SriKrishna committee as a proof of seperate Telangana wishers.

9. Chandra Sena Reddy Proddutur - మార్చి 3, 2010

Respected Sir

I respectfully submit the following few lines for your kind perusal and to take necessary action in accordance with law.

I.Kindly arrange to go through the following incidents brief histries;

1.Indipendence of India
2.Independence of the then Hyderabad state
3.Andhra movement in the then MADRAS STATE in 1952 and 1953
4.Separation of Andhra from MADRAS WITHOUT MADRAS as on 1-10-1953 Capital at KARNOOL
5.State Reorganisation Commission report 1955 (para no369 to389 )
6.Formation of Andhra Pradesh as on 1=11-1956
7.Gentlemen`s Agreement of A.P. 1956
8.Jai Andhra Movement in 1969
9.Jai Telangana Movement in 1969 and subsequently incidents
10.Presidential Order 1975 & 79 Amendments & subsequent amend ments
11.Six Point Formula G.O.Ms.No.610 dt30-12-1985
12.K.C.R.Hunger strike
13.Honurable Minister for Home announcement on 9-12-2009
14.Samikya Andhra movement and resignations of M.Ps,M.L.As.M.L.Cs of Andhra and Rayala seema Region
15. 2nd Announcement by govt.of INDIA on 23-12-2009
16.Agitation in TELANGANA Region

3.Presidential Order 1975 NOT IMPLEMENTED
4.Six Point Formula G.O.Ms.No.610 dt30-12-1985 NOT IMPLEMENTED

Andhra and Rayalasema .MLAs & MPs.
MLAs;175 M.Ps; 25
Telangana MLAs& MPs
Thus it is not possibul to pass resolution in the A.P. ASSEMBLEY.

MY HUMBUL REQUEST IS ARRANGE TO VERIFY THE FOLLOWING RECORDS IN ORIGINAL.(here in after called as A for Andhra T for Telangana R for Rayalaseema.)
i) allotmen of budget . ii) expenditure. iii) surrendered. iv) Re-alloted and Utilised.inATR
i) A.P.I.I.C. ii)A.P.H.B. iii) S.W.DEPT.


Chandra Sena Reddy Produtur
St.No.7.Lower Tank Bund Road
Gandhi Nager.HYDERABAD.500 080

10. sudhakar Reddy - ఏప్రిల్ 16, 2010

I am fromArmoor, Nizamabad. Zone (V )and Zone (V1) come under Telangana region. Heavy violations in 610 GO occured in this region. But ironically the report says majority of violations occured by our Telanganotes only. Zone V people of Telangana , transferred to zone V1 region of Telangana and viceversa. We need to carefully check whether what TRS party claims is entirely true? or not. Above report also implies that 610 GO violation occured in Andhra and rayalaseema also. how that will affect telangana. seems time has come to check TRS , what they said is entirely true or not.

11. M. Raja Mogili, Draoughtman Gr.II - ఆగస్ట్ 4, 2010

In respect of Major Development projects notified in the Presidential Order , all the staff in the Non-Gazetted categories both technical and non-technical including Asst. Executive Engineers (formerly JEs) coming under zonalisation of local cadres under the Presidential Order of 1975 who were posted to the projects from outside zones V and VI after 01-03-1983, will be retransferred to their respective zones and posted either in existing vacancies in various Government Establishments in those zones or in supernumerary posts where vacancies are not available. Towards this the Government will also move the Government of India for seeking amendment to Government of India’s notification G.S.R. 525(E) dated 28-06-1985 to give retrospective effect to this order with effect from 01-03-1983.

GO Ms No. 610 was issued on 30.12.1985, inter alia, stipulating that the employees allotted after 18.10.1975 to Zones V and VI in violation of zonalisation of local cadres under SPF be repatriated to their respective zones by 31.3.1986, by creating supernumerary posts wherever necessary. The GO also stipulated that the departments of secretariat should complete the review of appointments/ promotions made under the Presidential Order by 30-6-1986.

A glaring lacuna is that no separate mechanism at the government level has been mooted to monitor the implementation of GO Ms 610. For the multifarious posts in various departments, action was to be taken at various levels by the government. In some cases, representations by the individuals or by their unions had to be made to the competent authorities for redressal of their grievances. Virtually, no action was taken for repatriation of the employees belonging to other zones allotted to zones V & VI.

Some attempts were made in the case specified gazetted post for implementation of Presidential Orders, as the action has to be at Government Level,because of allotement committee headed by Secratory of concerned Department. But in respect of Non-gazetted employees of non-technical and Tecnical , No action is initiated by the head of departments concerned as per para 13 of Presidetial Order. In which clearly ordered that the appointments,transfers and promotions are Provisional until unless impleted the Presidential Orders w.e.f 18-10-1975.

In terms of G.O.Ms. No.610 as per Para (11) The Departments of Secretariat shall complete the review of appointments/promotions made under the Presidential Order as required under Para 13 of the said order, by 30-06-1986.

As per Presidential Orders the the appointing unit if more than one for appointment of Zonal level post, the appoint units marginally adjusted to come in to confimity with the Presidential Orders.Still separate units are being maintained for appointments, transfers and Promotion in the Irrigation Department with out following Presidential Order. Due which some of non-gazetted Technical/non-Technical employees loosing their legitimate rights in the Promotional Chanal.

This matter has to be braought to the State Government/Head of the Department but they keep quit in inmplementation of Presidential orders.

12. k.v.reddy. - సెప్టెంబర్ 16, 2010

i came to know that in tirumla tirupati devasthanam,s ayurveda college almost all the teaching posts filled by non locals eventhough eligible candidates availabling since 1983 many rayalaseema people suffering without jobs.all HODS are from telangana and andhra.there were approximately 56000 in rayalaseema, 46000in in telangana,and 36000in andhra non local people are working.the most sufferers are rayalaseema people only.at least it is better to send them back now immediately.so locals can be saved.

13. devakar - సెప్టెంబర్ 30, 2010

i will answer for u r reasons that
1, telangana education is backward
ans. people not intrested in study so what andhra people can do for it.if andra people went away means telangana people can have good education?
2, if telangana is not developed means what andhra people done.the mistake in the telangana region mla’s and mp’s because they didn’t take care of their regions.

అనామకం - ఆగస్ట్ 3, 2011

remember that as on the date of merging hyderabad state with andhra state ,the literacy rate is only 1%in telangana and the andhra literacy rate is 16%,this discriency is running parally ,the BC,SC,ST,people from telangana are tiered in race of getting jobs,infact our MLAs andMPs are are also literally back behind from andhra people representatives, which is quiet evident from MLAs and EX MLAS NOT LESS THAN 60 people representative are elected from telangana region to state assembly and parliament, and also an chief minister.

14. V.MARUTHI - ఏప్రిల్ 1, 2011

kindly send me full report of girglani commission not summary/abstract if you have. Thank you.

15. A.Ashok Kumar - మే 11, 2011


please send me full report of presidential oder 1975.

16. అనామకం - మే 19, 2011
17. Dr.RAVI KUMAR - మే 26, 2011

What about Veterinary Assistant Surgeon Post?
Is it Zonal or State wide recruitment?
Why dont you mention anything about it?
Our CORRUPT DIRECTOR M.V.REDDY has given the jobs on Zonal basis by taking bribe.
What is the future of Veterinary profession in Andhra Pradesh?

18. pbaba - జూన్ 22, 2011

In Govt. Junior Colleges teaching category 8 9 is sub divided as per G.O.Ms.No.302 dt 30/12/1993 but in Presidential Order only one category. How this is issued. M.Shanmukha Chary

19. suman - ఆగస్ట్ 4, 2011

Nothing,,,,,,,,,,,, we want TG state that’s it

20. B. Ram Mohan Reddy - ఆగస్ట్ 24, 2011

Sir, Can you provide me with the total number of suicides that so far occured in Telangana after the 9th Dec. 2009 statement of P. Chidambaram. I want complete details. Please mail to me.

21. UVKPATRO - అక్టోబర్ 9, 2011


22. ashok kumar - ఫిబ్రవరి 25, 2012

i belong to telangana. in 2004 i married a girl belonging to east godaveri dist. in 2003 she wrote d.s.c. . in 2005 my wife got job in east godawari district. she joinned there. after our marriage we had a baby. now my parents are in old age. i must stay with them in telangana. i am a private employee, we are suffering from 7 years. is there any chance to get my wife transferred to telangana nalgonda district? my problem is life and death. please send answer immediately

ashok kumar

అనామకం - ఫిబ్రవరి 29, 2012

due to presidential order, it is not possible. u have only one chance of spouse case.

23. multiuser telangana - మార్చి 2, 2012

why we always blaming on others, you said the region is developed region. why mulki-non-mulki and andhra – telangana differences arose. are we have not the capacities of hard working. you just think, how the people from different places, such as Iranis, Moghals, Marathi, Kannada (they have very big establishments in Hyderabad) people settled here. no body will grow richer unless they get/work hard.
stop to blame the other region persons, work hard towards individual development. then automatically the region will be developed. don’t give priority for emotional feelings. think logically, the success will be come automatically. now we are in globalization-ism. think globally. stop these stone-age thinking.

24. అనామకం - ఏప్రిల్ 23, 2012

the G.O. implementation is not limited to a particular date. it must be on going process, coz till to this date many recruitments are going on and the voilation is as usual. Review must be done on yearly basis and the excess bagage must be repatriated in regular intervells.

sandhya - నవంబర్ 12, 2012

Here are some debatable issues included in implementation. As per the physical division of districts some got benefit though their native place is outside the region specified in the GO and some have lost though their native place is in the specified and their ancestors have lived in the region are not taking in account. for example one village, Ramanna palem from gampalagudem mandal of krishna district, primary school located one side of the main road is in krishna where secondary school is on the other side of the same road is in khammam. If the student studied in both the schools, how this GO justified. In another instance, Tunikipadu village from Gampaladem mandal, the students study up to 8th from krishna and 9th and 10th they come to madhira of khammam district. some others study in private schools from madhira but their native district is krishna. These are realistic situations bathered the people who can come under the GO. For living also some families went to out side the region specified though they belong to the region specified in the GO,how this GO resists the people. some are studying primary, secondary from out side the region and going for higher studies in the region. In the both regions, they are not considered as local even socially. so the GO must specify those ancestors from the region only considered as local and can take some proofs from the concerned authorities. All the intellectual community must think on my debate, facilitate the people to select their region by ancestor track and not by the study because we can go any where for living or study. otherwise the GO violates the right to posses

25. R SRINIVISU GOUD EX Z P CHAIRMEN - నవంబర్ 21, 2012


sathwik reddy - డిసెంబర్ 18, 2012

I would like to ask you all only one question. How united are we?
We are only said to be united and but not. Each one the comments have not been answered but replied with their own problem. It would be better if the known answers make rather than addressing one’s own worst.

26. అనామకం - జనవరి 19, 2013

jai telangana


27. k veerabhadrarao - మార్చి 13, 2013

give information on 16 H in bc welfare

28. Shaik Miskin - మే 17, 2013

i belongs to East Godavari District, i am working as Sr.Asst. (Promoted on 30.5.2008) in S.W.Dept. Kakinada, E.G.Dist. since 1998. My wife is working in Greater Visakha Municipal Corporation Model Primary School, Allipuram, Visakhapatnam as SGT since 2010. we have to children studying 8th & 6th respectively. we are facing lot of problems which can not be put it on paper. i would like to come to Visakhapatnam S.W. Dept permanently on spouse case. Please guide me and r GO 610 & Six point formula help full to me to solve my problems?. please send detailed reply.

Request the early reply and favourable reply if any.

Shaik Miskin Senior Asst.(on deputation),
O/o the Principal, APSWR S/JC (G), V.Kothuru, Tuni, E.G.Dist., A.P.

29. krishnarao - జూలై 1, 2013

i want to go under 610 G.O
what is the process, tell me sir

mobile no 9490325058

30. T.Vimalarani - జూలై 24, 2013

30.Vimalarani – July 24, 2013
i want to go under 610 G.O
what is the process, tell me sir

31. అనామకం - ఆగస్ట్ 31, 2013

Can anybody list out mulki rules???


very good information to telangana .B SRINIVAS EXCISE INSPECTOR

33. Raghu - జనవరి 12, 2014

please clarify that after state is bifurcated whether telangana people will get promotions avoiding people of other region.

34. K V RAJU - ఏప్రిల్ 18, 2014

please define the definition of ” LOCAL CANDIDATE ” in case of contract labour working in APTRANSCO

35. hives treatment - మే 20, 2014

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